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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Africa to Kenya, Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, with spreading branches, erect to 25 cm high, glabrous except for a minute pubescence on the basal part of the stem and lowest leaves, the whole plant often tinged red
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile linear, to 30 x 3 mm, apex acuminate, margin entire; stipules linear, 0.75 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia solitary, subsessile, terminal and pseudoaxillary, 1 mm in diam.; glands minute, red, with narrow pink appendages
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles minute, spreading, bifid to halfway
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a recurved pedicel 1.25 mm long, acutely 3-lobed, 1.75 x 1.75 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-conical, 1.25 x 0.7 mm, shallowly pitted, pinkish brown.
Distribution
N1–3 from E Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti through Ethiopia to arid areas of N Kenya; Arabian Peninsula
Ecology
Altitude range 60–1100 m.

Native to:

Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Euphorbia arabica Hochst. & Steud. ex T.Anderson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Tweedie, E.M. [1749], Kenya 2021.000
Ethiopia K000252791
Schweinfurth, G. [612], Eritrea K000252798
Ehrenberg, C.G. [s.n.], Saudi Arabia K000253594 syntype
Schimper, W.P. [756], Saudi Arabia K000253597 Unknown type material
Schimper, W.P. [756], Saudi Arabia K000253598 Unknown type material
Thomson, T. [s.n.], Yemen K000253601 Unknown type material
s.coll. [s.n.], Yemen K000253595 Unknown type material
Hooker, J.D. [97], Yemen K000253599 Unknown type material
Thomson, T. [s.n.], Yemen K000253600 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G.A. [24], Yemen K000253596 Unknown type material

First published in Fl. Aden.: 34 (1860)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Raffaelli, M., Mosti, S. & Tardelli, M. (2006). Boswellia sacra Flueck. (Burseraceae) in the Hasik area (Eastern Dhofar, Oman) and a list of surrounding flora Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 61: 245-251.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0