1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tapinanthus (Blume) Rchb.
      1. Tapinanthus quequensis (Weim.) Polhill & Wiens

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to N. Free State.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type:Zimbabwe, Kwekwe (Que Que), Norlindh & Weimarck 5133 (LD, holotype; BM; BR; SRGH).
    Stem
    Stems spreading to 1 m or more; twigs puberulous, sometimes with longer hairs on youngest parts
    Style
    Style with neck 2–3 mm long; stigma 0.8 mm across, capitate
    Ecology
    Mixed woodland and bushland or riverine, at higher altitudes than T. oleifolius; 900–1500 m; on a variety of hosts, but commonly Acacia, Dichrostachys and Combretum; flowering in most months.
    Note
    Differs from T. oleifolius by the longer hairs on the corolla, the tube of which is generally darker, but there is some variation in these characters. Plants from the middle part of the range, in Zimbabwe and particularly on the Zoutpansberg and Waterberg, have longer hairs, which extend from the tube on to the lobes (the white head in bud), but further north in Zambia, and southwards in the Middelberg and Magaliesberg, the hairs are shorter on the tube and notably shorter on the lobes. The southern plants, mainly from South Africa and adjacent Zimbabwe, have the darkest coloration of the corolla, reddish-purple, rather than dull red. In western Zambia the species intergrades with T. erianthus, see below.
    Distribution
    Zimbabwe National Park (Zimbabwe National Park) Also in Angola and South Africa (Limpopo Province, northern part of Free State, Gauteng and Mpumalanga). Zimbabwe ZAM W, ZAM C, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E, ZIM S Zambia
    Habit
    Stems spreading to 1 m or more; twigs puberulous, sometimes with longer hairs on youngest parts.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite, sometimes clustered at older nodes; petiole 2–4 mm long, puberulous; lamina coriaceous, dull green to glaucous, 2–6.5(9) × 1–2.5(5) cm, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or ovate-elliptic, mostly obtuse at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, glabrous, with 4–8 pairs of spreading-ascending nerves. Leaves opposite or subopposite, sometimes clustered at older nodes; petiole 2–4 mm long, puberulous; lamina coriaceous, dull green to glaucous, 2–6.5(9) × 1–2.5(5) cm, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or ovate-elliptic, mostly obtuse at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, glabrous, with 4–8 pairs of spreading-ascending nerves
    Inflorescences
    Umbels 1–several per axil, 2–4-flowered; peduncle 1–3 mm long; pedicels 0–2 mm long; bract 2–3 mm long, cupular, with a small triangular limb. Umbels 1–several per axil, 2–4-flowered; peduncle 1–3 mm long; pedicels 0–2 mm long; bract 2–3 mm long, cupular, with a small triangular limb
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1–1.5 mm long. Receptacle 1–1.5 mm long; calyx 2–2.5 mm long, cupular, flared, slightly toothed, densely hairy
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–2.5 mm long, cupular, flared, slightly toothed, densely hairy.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube 2.7–3.3 cm long, dull red to purple, base and lobes light green, pilose to villous with spreading hairs 0.5–2 mm long, sometimes only shortly hairy on lobes; bud heads 4–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-ellipsoid, only slightly angled; basal swelling 3–4 mm across, ovoid-ellipsoid, globose or depressed-globose; lobes c. 9 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–5 × 1.2–1.5 mm. Corolla tube 2.7–3.3 cm long, dull red to purple, base and lobes light green, pilose to villous with spreading hairs 0.5–2 mm long, sometimes only shortly hairy on lobes; bud heads 4–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-ellipsoid, only slightly angled; basal swelling 3–4 mm across, ovoid-ellipsoid, globose or depressed-globose; lobes c. 9 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–5 × 1.2–1.5 mm
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments red; tooth 0.5–0.8 mm long; anthers 2.5–3 mm long. Stamen filaments red; tooth 0.5–0.8 mm long; anthers 2.5–3 mm long
    Pistil
    Style with neck 2–3 mm long; stigma 0.8 mm across, capitate.
    Fruits
    Berry red, 10 × 8 mm, obovoid-globose, glabrescent. Berry red, 10 × 8 mm, obovoid-globose, glabrescent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Free State, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Tapinanthus quequensis (Weim.) Polhill & Wiens appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Leendertz, R. [1142], South Africa K000406920

    First published in J.-P.Lebrun & A.L.Stork, Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 174 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Mistletoes Afr.: 195, photo. 81, fig. 18D (1998).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 2: 174 (1992)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0