1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Agelanthus Tiegh.
      1. Agelanthus pungu (De Wild.) Polhill & Wiens

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Mpumalanga.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from Katanga (Shaba) Province of Dem. Rep. Congo.
    Style
    Style red opposite vents, with neck 2–3 mm long; stigma 0.8–1 mm across, capitate
    Ecology
    Widely distributed and relatively common in miombo, mopane, mixed woodland and wooded grassland, but extending to forest edges and down major drainage systems to dry deciduous bushland; 150–1800(1900) m; recorded from a wide variety of hosts, commonly legumes or Combretaceae, but closer examination will often show that it is epiparasitic on other species of Loranthaceae – from our experience in about 50 percent of cases; it flowers prolifically during the rains and shortly afterwards, sporadically at other times late into the dry season.
    Note
    The species is generally easily distinguished from its nearest allies by the short spreading indumentum on the branchlets, the grey-green or more generally glaucous leaves, the sparsely hairy corolla with longer hairs on the tube, and the corolla lobes without or with only slight keels. The leaves are very variable in shape and this accounts for a considerable part of the synonymy.
    Distribution
    Malawi Zimbabwe Mozambique ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N, MOZ T, MOZ MS, MOZ GI Zambia Also in Katanga (Shaba) Province of Dem. Rep. Congo, Tanzania and South Africa (Limpopo and Mpumalanga Provinces). Caprivi Strip
    Habit
    Rounded shrub extending to 1.5 m, more pendulous with age, flowering on shoots of varying length; branchlets compressed at first, soon terete, densely pubescent with short spreading hairs. Rounded shrub extending to 1.5 m, more pendulous with age, flowering on shoots of varying length; branchlets compressed at first, soon terete, densely pubescent with short spreading hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly opposite or subopposite; petiole 5–20 mm long; lamina grey-green to markedly blue-green, slightly fleshy, 4–10 × 1–5.5 cm, linear-lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or broadly elliptic, bluntly pointed to rounded at apex, cuneate to rounded or cordate at base, glabrous, with ascending nerves, either pinnate or lower 2–3 pairs more strongly ascending. Leaves mostly opposite or subopposite; petiole 5–20 mm long; lamina grey-green to markedly blue-green, slightly fleshy, 4–10 × 1–5.5 cm, linear-lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or broadly elliptic, bluntly pointed to rounded at apex, cuneate to rounded or cordate at base, glabrous, with ascending nerves, either pinnate or lower 2–3 pairs more strongly ascending
    Inflorescences
    Umbels or heads 8–24-flowered; peduncle and pedicels 2–5 mm long, spreading puberulous; limb of bract 1–1.5 mm long, ovate-triangular, pointed or truncate. Umbels or heads 8–24-flowered; peduncle and pedicels 2–5 mm long, spreading puberulous; limb of bract 1–1.5 mm long, ovate-triangular, pointed or truncate
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1.2–2 mm long, puberulous, sometimes glabrescent. Receptacle 1.2–2 mm long, puberulous, sometimes glabrescent; calyx 0.2–0.5 mm long, shortly to distinctly toothed
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.2–0.5 mm long, shortly to distinctly toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3.5–4(4.5) cm long, yellow to yellow-green, banded yellow or orange on lobes with tips green turning dull red outside, pubescent with longer spreading hairs on tube above basal swelling, somewhat glabrescent overall; apical swelling of bud fusiform-conical, sometimes slightly ribbed; basal swelling 3–5 × 3.5–4 mm, ovoid-globular, narrowly constricted above for 2–4 mm; lobes erect, 5–8 mm long, the upper expanded part 3–5 × 0.8–1 mm, linear-lanceolate, hardened inside and thickened proximally, rarely keeled. Corolla 3.5–4(4.5) cm long, yellow to yellow-green, banded yellow or orange on lobes with tips green turning dull red outside, pubescent with longer spreading hairs on tube above basal swelling, somewhat glabrescent overall; apical swelling of bud fusiform-conical, sometimes slightly ribbed; basal swelling 3–5 × 3.5–4 mm, ovoid-globular, narrowly constricted above for 2–4 mm; lobes erect, 5–8 mm long, the upper expanded part 3–5 × 0.8–1 mm, linear-lanceolate, hardened inside and thickened proximally, rarely keeled
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments red, inflexed; tooth 0.1–0.2 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long. Stamen filaments red, inflexed; tooth 0.1–0.2 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long
    Pistil
    Style red opposite vents, with neck 2–3 mm long; stigma 0.8–1 mm across, capitate.
    Fruits
    Berry cherry red, obovoid, pubescent. Berry cherry red, obovoid, pubescent.
    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Rounded shrub to 1.5 m., more pendulous with age, flowering on shoots of varying length; branchlets compressed at first, soon terete, densely pubescent with short spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly opposite or subopposite; petiole 5–20 mm. long; lamina grey-green to markedly blue-green, slightly fleshy, linear-lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or broadly elliptic, 4–10 cm. long, 1–5.5 cm. wide, bluntly pointed to rounded at the apex, cuneate to rounded or cordate at the base, glabrous, with ascending nerves, either pinnate or lower 2–3 pairs stronger.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels or heads 8–24-flowered; peduncle and pedicels 2–5 mm. long, spreading-puberulous; bract-limb ovate-triangular, 1–1.5 mm. long, pointed or truncate.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1.2–2 mm. long, puberulous, sometimes glabrescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.2–0.5 mm. long, shortly to distinctly toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3.5–4(–4.5) cm. long, yellow to yellow-green, banded yellow or orange on lobes with tips green turning dull red outside, pubescent with longer spreading hairs on tube above basal swelling, somewhat glabrescent overall; apical swelling of bud fusiform-conical, sometimes slightly ribbed; basal swelling ovoid-globular, 3–5 mm. long, 3.5–4 mm. in diameter, narrowly constricted above for 2–4 mm. in diameter; lobes erect, 5–8 mm. long, the upper expanded part linear-lanceolate, 3–5 mm. long, 0.8–1 mm. wide, hardened inside, rarely keeled.
    Stamens
    Stamens red, inflexed; tooth 0.1–0.2 mm. long; anthers 2–3 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style red opposite vents, with a neck 2–3 mm. long; stigma capitate, 0.8–1 mm. across.
    Fruits
    Berry cherry-red, obovoid, pubescent.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and wooded grassland, but extending to forest edges and down major drainage systems to mixed deciduous bushland, on a wide variety of hosts, but closer examination will often show that it is epiparasitic on other species of Loranthaceae; 700–2100 m.
    Distribution
    northernmost South Africa T4 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Agelanthus pungu (De Wild.) Polhill & Wiens appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Stolz, A. [1714], Tanzania K000406814 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [1714], Tanzania K000406813 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [1062], Tanzania K000406815 Unknown type material
    Buchanan, J. [6983], Malawi K000406902
    Buchanan, J. [6983], Malawi K000406903
    Buchanan, J. [133], Malawi K000406904 Unknown type material
    Homblé [1241], Congo, DRC K000406696 isotype
    Carson, A. [s.n.], Zambia K000406901 Unknown type material
    Cecil, E. [96], Zimbabwe K000406900 Unknown type material
    Verdick [388], Congo, DRC K000406697
    Wild, H., Zimbabwe Loranthus bulawayensis 23453.000
    Cruse, A.W. [457A], Zimbabwe Loranthus carsonii 23454.000
    Lock [88/64], Tanzania Tapinanthus pungu 53244.000

    First published in J.-P.Lebrun & A.L.Stork, Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 165 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • F.T.E.A., Loranthaceae: 70 (1999). TAB. 34, fig. B.
    • Mistletoes Afr.: 180, photo. 72, fig. 16D (1998)
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 2: 165 (1992)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 180, photo. 72, fig. 16D (1998).
    • Polh. & Wiens in Lebrun & Stork, Énum. Pl. Fl. Afr. Trop. 2: 165 (1992)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0