1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Agelanthus Tiegh.
      1. Agelanthus nyasicus (Baker & Sprague) Polhill & Wiens

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to N. Botawana.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Syntypes: Malawi, Namadzi (Namasi), Cameron 8; without locality, Buchanan 1090 (K, syntypes; B, fragments).
    Habit
    Bushy shrub extending to 1.5 m, with relatively short lateral branches, glabrous except very occasionally on the inflorescences and even more rarely on youngest twigs; branchlets compressed at first, pruinose, soon terete, rather stout, brown to grey, with late emergence of lenticels Bushy shrub extending to 1.5 m, with relatively short lateral branches, glabrous except very occasionally on the inflorescences and even more rarely on youngest twigs; branchlets compressed at first, pruinose, soon terete, rather stout, brown to grey, with late emergence of lenticels.
    Style
    Style with a neck 2.5–4 mm long; stigma 0.8–1 mm across, capitate
    Ecology
    Montane forest edges, riverine forest and generally higher rainfall miombo woodland; 600–1800 m; on various hosts, most commonly Ficus, Bridelia and various legumes; flowering October to March.
    Note
    Several specimens from the Tanzania-Zambia border region, including Schmidt, Gereau & Mwangoka 1245 (cited above) and Mbala, R.E. Fries 1270 (B), are exceptional in having puberulous peduncles and pedicels, and a few small hairs scattered on the corolla; the single gathering seen from Tete (cited above) is also hairy. See note under A. flammeus. The forest-edge forms are probably less glaucous and sometimes redder flowered than those from miombo woodland.
    Distribution
    ZIM W, ZIM E, ZIM C Botswana Zimbabwe. Mozambique Malawi Zambia BOT N, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, MAL N, MAL C, MOZ N, MOZ T Also in SE Dem. Rep. Congo and Tanzania.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly subopposite, more alternate on long shoots, with smaller, more rounded, shorter petioled leaves clustered at base of lateral shoots; petiole 0.5–2(3) cm long; lamina glaucous (?always), coriaceous, 3–12 × 2–6 cm, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, bluntly pointed, cuneate or rounded at base, with 3–6 pairs of lateral nerves, lower ones more ascending. Leaves mostly subopposite, more alternate on long shoots, with smaller, more rounded, shorter petioled leaves clustered at base of lateral shoots; petiole 0.5–2(3) cm long; lamina glaucous (?always), coriaceous, 3–12 × 2–6 cm, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, bluntly pointed, cuneate or rounded at base, with 3–6 pairs of lateral nerves, lower ones more ascending
    Inflorescences
    Umbels or heads (4)6–16-flowered; peduncle 5–12 mm and pedicels 5–8 mm long, normally glabrous, occasionally puberulous; bract 1.5–2 mm long, ovate-triangular, pointed to truncate. Umbels or heads (4)6–16-flowered; peduncle 5–12 mm and pedicels 5–8 mm long, normally glabrous, occasionally puberulous; bract 1.5–2 mm long, ovate-triangular, pointed to truncate
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 2–3 mm long. Receptacle 2–3 mm long; calyx 0.3–0.8 mm long, with broad shallow teeth
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.3–0.8 mm long, with broad shallow teeth.
    Corolla
    Corolla 4–6 cm long, orange to pale flame-red, with yellow band around vents, bud tip darker and slightly ribbed, glabrous or very rarely with a few small scattered hairs; basal swelling 5–9 × 4–6 mm, ovoid-ellipsoid to ovoid-globose, with tube constricted 2–11 mm above; lobes erect, 9–11 mm long; upper expanded part 5–7 × 1–1.5 mm, linear-elliptic, hardened inside, keeled outside. Corolla 4–6 cm long, orange to pale flame-red, with yellow band around vents, bud tip darker and slightly ribbed, glabrous or very rarely with a few small scattered hairs; basal swelling 5–9 × 4–6 mm, ovoid-ellipsoid to ovoid-globose, with tube constricted 2–11 mm above; lobes erect, 9–11 mm long; upper expanded part 5–7 × 1–1.5 mm, linear-elliptic, hardened inside, keeled outside
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments inflexed; tooth 0.3–0.5 mm long; anthers 2.5–4 mm long. Stamen filaments inflexed; tooth 0.3–0.5 mm long; anthers 2.5–4 mm long
    Pistil
    Style with a neck 2.5–4 mm long; stigma 0.8–1 mm across, capitate.
    Fruits
    Berry not seen. Berry not seen.
    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Bushy shrub to 1.5 m., with relatively short lateral branches, glabrous except very occasionally on the inflorescences and even more rarely on youngest twigs; branchlets compressed at first, pruinose, soon terete, rather stout, brown to grey, with late emergence of lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly subopposite, more alternate on long shoots, with smaller, more rounded, shorter petioled leaves clustered at the base of lateral shoots; petiole 0.5–2(–3) cm. long; lamina glaucous (?always), coriaceous, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 3–12 cm. long, 2–6 cm. wide, bluntly pointed at the apex, cuneate or rounded at the base, with 3–6 pairs of lateral nerves, the lower ones more ascending.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels or heads (4–)6–16-flowered; peduncle 5–12 mm. long and pedicels 5–8 mm. long, normally glabrous, occasionally puberulous; bract ovate-triangular, pointed to truncate, 1.5–2 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 2–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.3–0.8 mm. long, with broad shallow teeth.
    Corolla
    Corolla 4–6 cm. long, orange to pale flame-red, with yellow band around vents, bud-tip darker and slightly ribbed, glabrous or very rarely with a few small scattered hairs; basal swelling ovoid-ellipsoid to ovoid-globose, 5–9 mm. long, 4–6 mm. in diameter, with the tube constricted for 2–11 mm. above; lobes erect, 9–11 mm. long; upper expanded part linear-elliptic, 5–7 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. in diameter, hardened inside, keeled outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens inflexed; tooth 0.3–0.5 mm. long; anthers 2.5–4 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style with a neck 2.5–4 mm. long; stigma capitate, 0.8–1 mm. across.
    Fruits
    Berry red, obovoid, 10–12 mm. long, 7–8 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Edges of montane forest, in riverine forest and generally higher rainfall Brachystegia woodland, on various hosts, most commonly Ficus, Bridelia and various legumes; 1000–1900 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Agelanthus nyasicus (Baker & Sprague) Polhill & Wiens appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Stolz, A. [1615], Tanzania K000406827 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [1615], Tanzania K000406828
    Stolz, A. [1797], Tanzania K000406829 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [1797], Tanzania K000406830 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [113], Tanzania K000406833 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [113], Tanzania K000406831 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [113], Tanzania K000406832
    unknown [8], Malawi K000406797
    Bidgood, S. [5721], Tanzania K000468703
    Buchanan, J. [1090], Malawi K000406798
    Polhill, R.M. [4742], Zimbabwe Tapinanthus nyasicus 38278.000

    First published in J.-P.Lebrun & A.L.Stork, Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 164 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • White, Dowsett-Lemaire & Chapman, Evergr. For. Fl. Malawi: 346, fig. 123A–E (2001).
    • F.T.E.A., Loranthaceae: 61 (1999).
    • Mistletoes Afr.: 170 (1998)
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 2: 164 (1992)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 170 (1998).
    • Polh. & Wiens in Lebrun & Stork, Énum. Pl. Fl. Afr. Trop. 2: 164 (1992)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0