1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Agelanthus Tiegh.
      1. Agelanthus igneus (Danser) Polhill & Wiens

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tanzania to N. Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from Tanzania.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3.5–3.8 cm long, deep orange to fiery red, darker at tip, subglabrous with minute scurfy puberulence on the lobe tips and ± some small hairs on the tube; apex of buds 3–4 × 2 mm, oblong, subacute; basal swelling 3.5–5 × 3–4 mm, ovoid-globular, narrowly constricted for 3–4 mm above; lobes erect, 6–8 mm long, upper expanded part 3–4 mm long, linear-lanceolate, hardened inside and thickened proximally, rounded outside Corolla 3.5–3.8 cm long, deep orange to fiery red, darker at tip, subglabrous with minute scurfy puberulence on the lobe tips and ± some small hairs on the tube; apex of buds 3–4 × 2 mm, oblong, subacute; basal swelling 3.5–5 × 3–4 mm, ovoid-globular, narrowly constricted for 3–4 mm above; lobes erect, 6–8 mm long, upper expanded part 3–4 mm long, linear-lanceolate, hardened inside and thickened proximally, rounded outside.
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments inflexed; tooth minute; anthers 1.5–2.5 mm long Stamen filaments inflexed; tooth minute; anthers 1.5–2.5 mm long.
    Style
    Style with a neck 1.5–2.5 mm long; stigma 0.8 mm across, capitate
    Fruits
    Berry not seen. Berry not seen.
    Ecology
    Coastal bushland and riverine forest; up to 200 m; recorded on Grewia and Combretum; flowering February to May.
    Note
    Closely similar to A. transvaalensis, further south, and A. scassellatii Chiov. (Loranthus aurantiacus Engl.), further north, but easily recognized by the lack of distinct keels to the back of the corolla lobes.
    Distribution
    Also in SE Tanzania. MOZ N, MOZ MS Mozambique
    Habit
    Well branched shrub with relatively short lateral branches; branchlets compressed at first with scurfy puberulence only on first 1–2 internodes, soon terete, brown turning grey, fissured and prominently lenticellate. Well branched shrub with relatively short lateral branches; branchlets compressed at first with scurfy puberulence only on first 1–2 internodes, soon terete, brown turning grey, fissured and prominently lenticellate
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to subopposite; petiole 5–12 mm long; lamina dull green, thinly coriaceous, 4–12 × 1–3.5 cm, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, pointed, glabrous, with up to 8 pairs of main lateral nerves, lower ones strongly ascending. Leaves opposite to subopposite; petiole 5–12 mm long; lamina dull green, thinly coriaceous, 4–12 × 1–3.5 cm, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate or elliptic.lanceolate, pointed, glabrous, with up to 8 pairs of main lateral nerves, lower ones strongly ascending
    Inflorescences
    Umbels 6–8-flowered; peduncle 2–3 mm long, puberulous; pedicels 4–5 mm, puberulous; limb of bract 1–1.5 mm long, ovate-triangular, pointed to truncate. Umbels 6–8-flowered; peduncle 2–3 mm long, puberulous; pedicels 4–5 mm, puberulous; limb of bract 1–1.5 mm long, ovate-triangular, pointed to truncate
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1.5–2 mm long, glabrous to scurfy puberulous. Receptacle 1.5–2 mm long, glabrous to scurfy puberulous; calyx 0.5 mm long, broadly toothed
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.5 mm long, broadly toothed.
    Pistil
    Style with a neck 1.5–2.5 mm long; stigma 0.8 mm across, capitate.
    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Well-branched shrub with relatively short lateral branches; branchlets compressed at first with scurfy puberulence only on first 1–2 internodes, soon terete, brown turning grey, fissured and prominently lenticellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to subopposite; petiole 5–12 mm. long; lamina dull green, thinly coriaceous, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, 4–12 cm. long, 1–3.5 cm. wide, pointed at the apex, glabrous, with up to 8 pairs of main lateral nerves, lower ones strongly ascending.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels 6–8-flowered; peduncle 2–3 mm. long, puberulous; pedicels 4–5 mm. long, puberulous; bract-limb ovate-triangular, pointed to truncate, 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1.5–2 mm. long, glabrous to scurfy puberulous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.5 mm. long, broadly toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3.5–3.8 cm. long, deep orange to pinkish red or fiery red, yellow around vents, darker red-brown at tip, subglabrous with minute scurfy puberulence on the lobe-tips and ± some small hairs on the tube; apex of buds oblong, subacute, 3–4 mm. long, 2 mm. in diameter; basal swelling ovoid-globular, 3.5–5 mm. long, 3–4 mm. in diameter, narrowly constricted for 3–4 mm. above; lobes erect, 6–8 mm. long, the upper hardened part linear-lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, hardened inside, rounded outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens inflexed; tooth minute; anthers 1.5–2.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style with a neck 1.5–2.5 mm. long; stigma capitate, 0.8 mm. across.
    Fruits
    Berry not seen.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland, but in Mozambique in riverine forest and coastal bushland, recorded on Grewia and Combretum; 800 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8 N. Mozambique south to the Zambezi

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Agelanthus igneus (Danser) Polhill & Wiens appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Braun [1169], Central African Republic K000406817

    First published in J.-P.Lebrun & A.L.Stork, Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 164 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • F.T.E.A., Loranthaceae: 69 (1999).
    • Mistletoes Afr.: 178 (1998)
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 2: 164 (1992)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 178 (1998).
    • Polh. & Wiens in Lebrun & Stork, Énum. Pl. Fl. Afr. Trop. 2: 164 (1992)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0