1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tapinanthus (Blume) Rchb.
      1. Tapinanthus erectotruncatus Balle ex Polhill & Wiens

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Burundi to Angola.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from Katanga (Shaba) Province of Dem. Rep. Congo.
    Habit
    Large glabrous plant with robust stems Large glabrous plant with robust stems.
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments with tooth 0.5–0.8 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long Stamen filaments with tooth 0.5–0.8 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long.
    Style
    Style with neck 2–3 mm long; stigma 0.8 mm across, ovate-capitate
    Fruits
    Berry 8–10 × 6 mm, urceolate, verruculose. Berry 8–10 × 6 mm, urceolate, verruculose.
    Ecology
    Little information from Zambia, but apparently in wooded grassland, riverine and marsh-side associations; c. 1000 m; on various hosts including Cassia and cultivated citrus.
    Note
    Closely related to the W African forest species, T. ogowensis (Engl.) Danser, and formerly included in that species. The differences are not very obvious from dried material, but the corolla is shorter with smaller appendages on the lobes, the fruit appears to be verruculose and the leaves are probably a duller or more glaucous green.
    Distribution
    ZAM N Zambia Also in Burundi and E and SE Dem. Rep. Congo.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly opposite; petiole 2–10 mm long; lamina thinly coriaceous, apparently somewhat glaucous, 6–18 × 3–15 cm, ovate to ovate-elliptic, slightly acuminate, cuneate or rounded to a shortly cordate base, with 6–8 pairs of lateral nerves, the 2nd–3rd pairs generally more strongly ascending. Leaves mostly opposite; petiole 2–10 mm long; lamina thinly coriaceous, apparently somewhat glaucous, 6–18 × 3–15 cm, ovate to ovate-elliptic, slightly acuminate, cuneate or rounded to a shortly cordate base, with 6–8 pairs of lateral nerves, the 2nd–3rd pairs generally more strongly ascending
    Inflorescences
    Umbels many, crowded at older nodes, (2)4-flowered; peduncle 3–5 mm long; pedicels 1–3 mm long from well developed sockets; bract 2–3 mm long, saucer-shaped, with a small triangular limb. Umbels many, crowded at older nodes, (2)4-flowered; peduncle 3–5 mm long; pedicels 1–3 mm long from well developed sockets; bract 2–3 mm long, saucer-shaped, with a small triangular limb
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1–2 mm long. Receptacle 1–2 mm long; calyx 1.5–2.5 mm long, shortly cupular
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–2.5 mm long, shortly cupular.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube 3.5–4 cm long, dull greyish-white turning pink, sometimes with whitish spots; head of buds pale turning dark brown or blackish, 4–5 × 2.5–3 mm, obovoid-ellipsoid, subtruncate, with 5 small subterminal bosses arising from 2-ribbed keels on the back of each lobe; basal swelling 5–7 × 3.5–6 mm, ellipsoid to obovoid, constricted for 5–6 mm above; lobes remaining erect, 7–9 mm long, transversely corrugated on claw, with expanded part thick, 4–5 × 1.5 mm, oblanceolate, with incurved tips, slightly spurred. Corolla tube 3.5–4 cm long, dull greyish-white turning pink, sometimes with whitish spots; head of buds pale turning dark brown or blackish, 4–5 × 2.5–3 mm, obovoid-ellipsoid, subtruncate, with 5 small subterminal bosses arising from 2-ribbed keels on the back of each lobe; basal swelling 5–7 × 3.5–6 mm, ellipsoid to obovoid, constricted for 5–6 mm above; lobes remaining erect, 7–9 mm long, transversely corrugated on claw, with expanded part thick, 4–5 × 1.5 mm, oblanceolate, with incurved tips, slightly spurred
    Pistil
    Style with neck 2–3 mm long; stigma 0.8 mm across, ovate-capitate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Zambia, Zaïre

    Tapinanthus erectotruncatus Balle ex Polhill & Wiens appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Robyns, W. [1964], Congo, DRC K000406850 Unknown type material
    Robyns, W. [1964], Congo, DRC K000406851

    First published in J.-P.Lebrun & A.L.Stork, Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 173 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Mistletoes Afr.: 188 (1998).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 2: 173 (1992)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0