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This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to N. Argentina.
Aristolochia littoralis Parodi

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cisne, corazón de Jesús, gallito, gallo

[FZ]

Aristolochiaceae, B.L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous perennial climbers, woody at the base.
Morphology Stem
Stems slender 2–3(6) m long, sulcate (in dried state at least), flowering branches pendulous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1.5–11 ? 20–11 cm, broadly ovate-reniform, apex usually broadly rounded, rarely subacute, base strongly cordate with a broad sinus, slightly cuneate into petiole; lamina 5–7-nerved from the base, mid-green on upper surface, paler grey-green below; petioles 7–60 mm long; pseudostipules leaf-like, 0.6–2.5 ? 1–2.5 cm, rotund to reniform, cordate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels (including ovary) 5–12 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth: inflated part (utricle) 20–35 ? 8–20 mm, ellipsoid, sometimes hairy inside, greenish-cream or yellow; tube 8–30 ? 1.5–9 mm, cylindrical, dilated at apex, sharply reflexed back over basal inflated part, hairy inside, greenish-cream; limb excentric about the throat, 30–110 ? 26–80 mm, ovate to rotund, 2-lobed at the base, rounded, sometimes mucronate or emarginate at the apex, creamy-white, with crimson reticulate markings externally, with dense feathery crimson-brown mottling internally and dark crimson blotch around the yellow velvety throat.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostemium
Gynostemium 5–7 mm tall, anthers 6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3–5 ? 1–1.5(2) cm, oblong-cylindrical, 6-ribbed, rostrate, dehiscing septicidally from base upwards into 6 valves that remain attached at apex forming a "hanging basket".
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4–6.5 ? 3–5 mm, obovate, flat, warty on one side, less warty but with a median line on the other, the apical indentation and narrow marginal wing ± smooth on both sides.

[FTEA]

Aristolochiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous ± glaucous climbing shrub 2–3 m. long, with slender pendulous flowering branches; old stems with striate rugose cork.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with somewhat unpleasant smell, broadly triangular to reniform-cordate, mostly broader than long, 2–8(–12) cm. long, 3–9.5(–11) cm. wide, broadly rounded at apex and basal outer margins, cordate at base but with centre portion cuneate into the 1–6 cm. petiole, paler beneath, ± 5–7-nerved from the base; pseudostipules leafy, ± round to reniform, cordate, 1–2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, not very strongly scented; peduncle including slender ovary 6–9.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth with tube white or greenish, the limb ± white outside with red-purple reticulation, densely marked with maroon inside and with throat yellow with deep purple blotch surrounding it; tube 1.5–2.5 cm. long, strongly bent back over the inflated portion which is ellipsoid, 2–4 cm. long, 1–2 cm. wide; limb ovate-cordate, excentric, 5–10 cm. long, 3–7 cm. wide (? in some variants up to 13 × 10 cm.).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit sausage-shaped, 4–6 cm. long, 1–2 cm. wide, 6-ribbed, like a hanging basket after dehiscence; fruiting pedicel 7–8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale, very thin, flat, ovate, 5–6.5 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, faintly warted on one side save for an apical segment, smooth on the other surface and with median line, narrowly winged all round save at apex where the thin unwarted segment is actually part of the wing.
Habitat
Plantations, riverine forest; 1080–1800 m.
Distribution
K4 U3 Z native of Paraguay, N. Argentina and Brazil, now widely cultivated and naturalised in Central America, W. Indies and Floridaquite wide-spread in Africa, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Burundi, Ethiopia, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi, Angola and South Africa (Transvaal)

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 450 - 2150 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru

Introduced into:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Repu, Chad, Christmas I., Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Florida, Gambia, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Malawi, Marianas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Society Is., Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zimbabwe

Aristolochia littoralis Parodi appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [s.n.] 64836.000
Aristolochia elegans 16975.000
Glaziou, A.F.M. [13163], Rio de Janeiro Aristolochia elegans K000323588 holotype
Bull, W., Brazil Aristolochia elegans K000323589
Glaziou, A. [14230], Brazil Aristolochia elegans K001032061
Hassler, E. [3365], Paraguay Aristolochia elegans K001032060
Hassler, E. [858], Paraguay Aristolochia elegans K000323590 isotype

First published in Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 5: 155 (1878)

Accepted by

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Guého, J. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1998). Flore des Mascareignes 149-152: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. IRD editions, Paris.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Paul, S. Devi, N. & Sarma, G.C. (2010). Diversity of some medicinally important species of Aristolochia Linnaeus (Aristolochiaceae) in Assam, India Pleione 4: 250-255.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (1997). Flora Zambesiaca 9(2): 1-64. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (2007). Flora of Australia 2: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0