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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mali to Arabian Peninsula and Tanzania, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.
Aristolochia bracteolata

[FWTA]

Aristolochiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A small glabrous shrub, stems flexuous from a woody base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow-brown with a purple lip.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate, climbing or suberect ± glaucous herb, with an unpleasant smell; stems 10–50 cm long, whitish, from underground rhizome
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to ± round, 1.5–8 x 1.5–7 cm, obtuse, cordate at the base, glabrous; petiole 0.5–4.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or 2–3 together, axillary; bracts ± round, 0.6–1.7 cm in diam.; pedicels up to 2 cm in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 2.5–4 cm long, the basal inflated part 5–8 mm long, the tubular part 8–15 mm long, hairy within, limb linear-oblong, 12–22 x 3–7 mm, obtuse, hairy inside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule pale, subglobose to ellipsoid, 1–3 x 1.5–2 cm, glabrous, 12-ribbed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds triangular, 5–7 x 4.5 mm, rugose.
Distribution
N1; C2; S1–3 Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and westwards to Nigeria, East Africa
Ecology
Altitude range 50–740 m.
Vernacular
Boorow (Somali-S), gedbei (Somali-N).
Note
Several collections from S Somalia (including the type of A. benadiriana) have 2(–3) flowers per leaf axil, but otherwise agree completely with the normal form. Outside Somalia the species always seems to have solitary flowers. A. bracteolata is much used in Somali traditional medicine.

[FTEA]

Aristolochiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
A perennial or rarely annual (? flowering in first year) mostly prostrate but occasionally climbing or suberect ± glaucous unpleasantly smelling herb 10–40 cm. long; stems woody at base, whitish, flexuous, striate, arising from underground rhizome.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to ± round, 1.3–6 cm. long and wide, obtuse, cordate at the base, glabrous, glaucous at least beneath; petiole striate, 0.5–3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary, occurring at most axils; bracts conspicuous, ± round, 0.6–1.7 cm. in diameter, glabrous; pedicels 5–10 mm. long, lengthening to ± 2 cm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth mostly yellow-brown with purple or maroon lip, or green at base, but other notes mention creamy with chocolate centre or the reverse, deep brown with white throat, mostly 2.5–4 cm. long, the tubular part densely hairy within; inflated part of tube subglobose or ovoid, 7–8 mm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, tubular part 1–1.5 cm. long; limb oblanceolate-oblong to linear-oblong, 2–2.2 cm. long, 3–7 mm. wide, obtuse, with short characteristic hairs on the upper half inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, the gynostegium lobes ± ovate, ± 1 mm. long, acute; placentas parietal in the upper portion but intruded and meeting at centre below, axile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule pale, subglobose to ovoid-ellipsoid, (1–)2–3 cm. long, ± 1.5 cm. wide, glabrous and slightly glaucous, 12-ribbed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, dark, flat, triangular, 5–7 mm. long, 4.5 mm. wide, pointed at one end, ± emarginate at the other, rugose save for median area on one face.
Habitat
i>Acacia-Commiphora bushland, Acacia desert grassland by dry sand-rivers with scattered Acacia tortilis, scrub and grassland, on sandy or lava soils; 220–900 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K7 T3 U1

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Kenya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Adamson, J. [3600], Kenya 21962.000
Sudan Aristolochia bracteata K000350268
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2706] Aristolochia bracteata K001116865
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2706] Aristolochia bracteata K001116863
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2706] Aristolochia bracteata K001116866
Griffith, W. [4437], Tamil Nadu Aristolochia bracteata K000978958
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2706], Bangladesh Aristolochia bracteata K001116864
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2706] Aristolochia bracteata K001116862
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2706] Aristolochia bracteata K001116867

First published in Encycl. 1: 258 (1783)

Accepted by

  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Paul, S. Devi, N. & Sarma, G.C. (2010). Diversity of some medicinally important species of Aristolochia Linnaeus (Aristolochiaceae) in Assam, India Pleione 4: 250-255.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Encyl. 1: 258 (1783).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Paul, S. Devi, N. & Sarma, G.C. (2010). Diversity of some medicinally important species of Aristolochia Linnaeus (Aristolochiaceae) in Assam, India Pleione 4: 250-255.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 21, fig. 17 (1950).
  • Lam., Encycl. Méth. Bot. 1: 258 (1783).
  • Qaiser in Fl. W. Pakistan 110: 3, fig. 1/F, G (1977).
  • Verdc. & Trump, Common Poisonous Pl. E. Afr.: 20, adnot. (1969).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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