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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Namibia, Comoros, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Aristolochiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Stems glabrous, twining on other plants
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers blackish-purple.

[FZ]

Aristolochiaceae, B.L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Creeping or climbing (twining) perennial herb with annual stems from a woody rootstock, pale green to glaucous.
Morphology Stem
Stems to 3(11) m long, sometimes very slender, sulcate (in dried state), pubescent to glabrous, sometimes tinged purplish at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–20 ? 1.5–15 cm, ovate to ovate-oblong or triangular, rounded to obtuse or acute and ± mucronulate at the apex, cordate or cordate-auriculate with a deep sinus at the base, or leaves 3-lobed with basal lobes strongly patent; terminal lobe much larger than the lateral lobes, 1.5–7(10) ? 0.6–3(4) cm, lanceolate to ± ovate; lateral lobes 0.5–2(3) cm in diameter, rotund; lamina glabrous or somewhat puberulous on both surfaces particularly on the veins and around the margins, with 3–7 principal veins from base, the veins and reticulation prominent on the lower surface; petioles 3–40 mm long, pubescent to glabrous; pseudostipules leaf-like, 5–20 ? 2.5–14 mm, rotund to ovate or oblong, rounded to subacute sometimes mucronate at the apex, cordate at the base, glabrous or minutely puberulous mainly on veins and margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, racemose, 2–30(40) cm long, usually elongate, 2–9(15)-flowered; rhachis pubescent to glabrous; bracts conspicuous, persistent, 0.3–4 ? 0.2–3 cm, ovate to rotund, rounded to acute and sometimes mucronate at the apex, rounded to cordate and ± amplexicaul at the base, usually glabrous, less often pubescent to minutely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers, including pedicels and ovary, 0.6–3(4) cm long, glabrous or pubescent, ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth glabrous: constricted part below the utricle 0.5–5 mm long; inflated part (utricle) 2–8 mm in diameter, oblong-ellipsoid to subglobose; tube 2.5–20 ? 0.75–2.5 mm, straight, cylindrical, dilated at apex, greyish to purplish-green; limb 8–40 ? 3–20 mm, subrotund, oblong-elliptic, elliptic, obovate or panduriform, hairy towards the base, dark purple to purplish-black or brown, sometimes shading to creamy-white at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostemium
Gynostemium 2–3.5 mm tall, anthers 6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, 2–5 ? 1–3 cm, oblong-cylindrical to obpyriform, 6-ribbed, apex rounded, base attenuate into a stipe 1–4 cm long; when ripe the pendulous capsule and stipe split longitudinally into 6 segments which remain joined to the pedicel by the thread-like elements of the stipe, the segments separating widely about the middle while remaining joined at the capsule apex, the whole resembling an inverted “parachute”.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 6–15 ? 4–10 mm, triangular, flat, surrounded by a broad papery wing, finely verrucose on one side, the other side finely verrucose with a cuneate, winged raphe down the centre, sometimes ± covering the side.

[FTEA]

Aristolochiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Perennial unpleasantly smelling climber, sometimes subshrubby and woody, 1–3(–10) m. long, with green often glaucous stems sometimes tinged purple at the nodes, glabrous, grooved when dry.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to ovate-triangular, 2.5–20 cm. long, 1.3–14.5 cm. wide, obtuse to acute at the apex, ± cordate at the base, the undersurface of the mature leaves with a characteristic very fine raised reticulation of veins, either glabrous or with very dense microhairs; petioles 1.5–5.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences mostly elongate, (2–)6–14–flowered, 6–15 cm. long, the flowers mostly well spaced; bracts conspicuous and persistent, ovate, elliptic or round, 0.7–3.5 cm. long, 0.7–3 cm. wide, acute to quite rounded at apex, sometimes distinctly mucronate; pedicels 1–2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth with basal oblong-ovoid to globose swollen part green, 5–8 mm. long; tube greenish, slender, 1–1.8 cm. long, inside often yellowish; limb blackish purple or chocolate but greenish or white at base, very variable, elliptic, narrowly ovate-elliptic to oblong or even ± round or oblong-panduriform, 1.5–3.2(–3.5) cm. long, 0.5–2 cm. wide, mostly hairy inside at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit at length blue or blue-black, oblong-obpyriform, 2.5–5(–6) cm. long, 1–3 cm. wide, rounded at apex and attenuate at base into ± 2–3(–5) cm. long stipe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale, flat, triangular, 1–1.3 cm. long, 0.9–1 cm. wide, broadly winged, finely rugulose on one face, with winged and grooved broad raphe on the other.
Figures
Fig. 2
Habitat
Forest grassland clearings and edges, riverine forest, etc., scrub and bushland, also as a weed in waste places and sisal plantations; 0–1500 m.
Distribution
K4 K7 P T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 Z

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Aristolochia albida Duch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Luckow, M. [4410], Madagascar K000449614
Aug 16, 1996 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000350274 Unknown type material
Aug 16, 1996 Pervillé, M. [637], Madagascar K000350280
Aug 16, 1991 Bojer, W. [s.n.], Mauritius K000350278
Jan 12, 1988 Peters, W. [s.n.], Mozambique K000350273 Unknown type material
Jan 12, 1988 Cameron, K.J. [2/191], Malawi K000350276 Unknown type material
Jan 12, 1988 Baines, T. [s.n.], South Africa K000350272 holotype
Madagascar K000350279
Mozambique K000379554
Festo et al. [2673], Kenya K000449609
Peters, W. [s.n.], Mozambique K000379555
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000350275 Unknown type material
Drummond, R.B. [1822], Tanzania Aristolochia petersiana 21963.000
van Someren, L.G., Kenya Aristolochia petersiana 21964.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [9353], Tanzania Aristolochia petersiana 23758.000
Adamson, J. [592], Kenya Aristolochia petersiana 25922.000
Faulkner, H. [3,198], Tanzania Aristolochia petersiana 29455.000
Dewevre, A. [s.n.], Congo, DRC Aristolochia dewevrei K000350262

First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 2: 75 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (1997). Flora Zambesiaca 9(2): 1-64. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 131.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 137

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Chev., Fl. Viv. Afr. Occ. Franç. 1: 131 (1938).
  • Bak. & Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 137 (1909).
  • Duchartre in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 4,2: 75 (1854)
  • Duchartre in DC., Prodr. 15(1): 483 (1864).
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 911 (1900).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 81 (1954).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 184 (1932).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0