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This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. South America to Brazil.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or subshrubs, often aromatic
Morphology Stem
Stems usually virgate, erect, upper internodes often glabrous, pruinose, fistulose and ± inflated, nodes and lower stems often with long, rigid setose hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, toothed or lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, lax or congested, cymes usually 1(-3)-flowered, rarely to 6-flowered, pedunculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts inconspicuous, caducous or persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± sessile, except in h. vitifolia (pohl ex benth.) harley, but appearing pedicellate, with usually bracteoles at base of calyx, flowers rarely resupinate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles minute, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate to tubular, actinomorphic, 5-lobed or ± two-lipped, (3/2), lobes subequal, or posterior connate at base, deltate, rarely long-subulate at apex, throat hairy or not
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), lilac, blue, white or bright red to orange or pink, anterior lip with apex of median lobe rounded to acute, margin toothed, lateral lobes spreading or directed forward, tube often elongate, cylindrical, rarely inf
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted from tube, filaments pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style jointed, but stylopodium not overtopping ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc weakly lobed, anterior lobe larger
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ovoid, weakly mucilaginous.
Note
2n = 12, 20, 22, 28.  About 23 species
Ecology
In seasonal to semi-arid savannas
Distribution
In southern and north-eastern Brazil, extending into eastern Paraguay and Bolivia.

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Guyana, Mexico Southwest, Paraguay, Venezuela

Hypenia (Mart. ex Benth.) Harley appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Lindeman, J.C. [2747], Brazil K001226537
Mendonça, R.C. [4409], Brazil K001226538
Forzza, R.C. [941], Brazil K001226541
Rapini, A. [356], Brazil K001226548
Hatschbach, G. [71054], Brazil K001226550
Pereira Silva, G. [1837], Brazil K001226536
Harley, R.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001226549
Tameirão, E. [155], Brazil K001226543
Cavalcanti, T.B. [795], Brazil K001226529
Brooks, R.R. [597], Brazil K001226545
Gardner [5080], Brazil K001226551
Souza, V.C. [4948], Brazil K001226532
Cavalcanti, T.B. [630], Brazil K001226534
Assis, M.G. [251], Brazil K001226539
Chukr, N.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001226544
Pereira Silva, G. [5072], Brazil K001226528
Costa, F.N. [310], Brazil K001226530
Gardner [s.n.], Brazil K001226547
Silva, J.M. [3848], Brazil K001226531
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001226546
Forzza, R.C. [980], Brazil K001226540
Cavalcanti, T.B. [1687], Brazil K001226533
Rapini, A. [356], Brazil K001226542
Cavalcanti, T.B. [480], Brazil K001226535

First published in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 98: 91 (1988)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Atkinson, unpubl. thesis (1998), (as Eriope) rev.
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Hypenia (Mart. ex Benth.) Harley, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 98: 91 (1988)

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0