1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Anaphyllopsis A.Hay

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    Tropical humid swamp forest; helophytes in sandy, partially flooded places along streams, swamp forest.
    Diagnostic
    Seasonally dormant, solitary helophytes with erect hypogeal rhizome; petiole unarmed, smooth to tuberculate, geniculate apically; spathe twisted apically; flowers bisexual, perigoniate. Differs from palaeotropical Anaphyllum in having seeds with a thick, verrucose testa and a curved embryo and in its neotropical range.
    Distribution
    S. Trop. America.
    General Description
    HABIT : seasonally dormant ( A. americana), solitary herbs, rhizome hypogeal, erect. LEAVES : solitary, rarely 2. PETIOLE : unarmed, smooth to tubercular, geniculate apically. BLADE : pinnatifid and perforate or pinnatisect, juvenile leaves entire; basal ribs well-developed, primary lateral veins of ultimate lobes pinnate, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : solitary, rarely 2. PEDUNCLE : long, similar to petiole in colour and texture. SPATHE : membranaceous, papery when dry, marcescent, convolute basally, spirally twisted apically. SPADIX : stipitate, stipe mostly adnate to spathe, flowering sequence basipetal. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigoniate; tepals 4, fornicate. STAMENS : 4, filaments short, linear, connective slender, thecae dehiscing by short, apical pore-like slits. POLLEN : monosulcate, ellipsoid, medium-sized (31 µm.), exine foveolate, apertural exine psilate. GYNOECIUM : ovary 1-locular, ovules 1-2, anatropous, placenta basal, style ± attenuate, stigma subcapitate. BERRY : ovoid to obpyramidal, reddish. SEED : campylotropous, testa thick, verruculose to channelled, embryo curved, endosperm present.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela

    Anaphyllopsis A.Hay appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Aroideana 11: 25 (1988 publ. 1989)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0