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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Leonotis, M Iwarsson & YB Harve. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, Herb. Burmann s.n. (G, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Woody, lanky shrub 0.6–5 m high, sparsely branched from a woody swollen rootstock 20–150 mm diameter, shoots up to 10 cm in diameter and appearing rounded in section at base
Morphology Stem
Stems with internodes 2–11 cm long, greyish buff to brownish buff, occasionally smooth and shiny, with velutinous pubescence of antrorse or occasionally retrorse hairs and sessile glands; prominent leaf scars occasionally with a marginal rim; nodes prominent with a transverse line connecting the leaf scars, more densely pubescent than internodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually petiolate; blade ovate to narrowly obovate, lanceolate to narrowly spathulate, 0.9–19(–23) × 0.3–9 cm, crenate almost to base with 7–65 teeth, apex acute to acuminate, base cordate, truncate to attenuate, both surfaces laxly pubescent to velutinous with short, white to yellow hairs and sessile glands, with (4–)10–16 lateral veins per leaf, venation covered with slightly longer hairs, occasionally appressed; petiole 0–55(–110 in South Africa) mm long, velutinous with (occasionally yellowish), antrorse or retrorse hairs, eglandular or with sessile glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 1–5 verticils per branch, usually spaced by prolonged internodes (10–)45–325 mm long; bracts leaf-like, (4–)17–85(–130) × 2–25(–85) mm, hairy like the leaves; bracteoles linear, 6–22 × 0.3–2.5 mm, covered with short hairs and occasionally with sessile glands, apiculate; verticils hemispherical, 28–67(–90) mm in diameter, with (8–)12–18 branches (1.5–)5–20 mm long, with 5–19 buds per branch; pedicels 0.5–5(–7) mm long, covered with short hairs and occasionally sessile glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 14–31 mm long at anthesis, slightly enlarged in fruit, 4–5.5 mm in diameter at mouth, 8(–11)-toothed, sometimes teeth obsolete (South Africa), green, densely covered with short white (occasionally orange) hairs, eglandular or occasionally with sessile glands; mouth occasionally oblique with the 3–5 lower teeth partially united and bent outwards to form an anterior lip; dorsal tooth 2–14 mm long, lateral and ventral teeth 0.5–5.5 mm long, straight to slightly recurved, narrowly triangular, apiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 24–45 mm long, with white, buff, pale salmon-pink, orange or orange-red hairs (although predominantly orange or cream-buff); tube 15–25 mm long, with 1 (very rarely 2) diffuse fringes within (near base), with two slightly higher markings; posterior lip 12.5–22 mm long, with white woolly hair enclosing anthers and stigma well developed; anterior lip 3-lobed, (4–)6–10 mm long, the median lobe retuse, subglabrous, eglandular or with sessile glands, lobes shrivelled and twisted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets blackish brown, glossy, 2.4–4.3 × 1.2–2.1 mm.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Leonotis ocymifolia (Burm.f.) Iwarsson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 2007 Abeid, Y. [2102], Tanzania K000248167
Couto, C. [243], Angola K001008773

First published in Fl. S. Afr. 28: 32 (1985)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Iwarsson, M. & Harvey, Y. (2003). Monograph of the genus Leonotis (Pers.) R.Br. (Lamiaceae) Kew Bulletin 58: 597-645.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.S.A. 28 (4): 32, fig. 9/1 (1985)
  • K.B. 58: 623 (2003).
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 285, t. 127 (1994)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0