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This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Turkey.
Arum euxinum

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Habitat
Open water meadow, between rocks, beneath Juniperus scrub.
Diagnostic
Inflorescence borne above the leaves. Spathe-limb internally greenish-white with a broad purple margin. Spathe-tube purple inside. Spadix purple, slender-cylindric, stalkless.
Phenology
Flowering late May to June.
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in autumn from a discoid, vertically orientated tuber 3-3.5 cm across, 1.5-2 cm thick. Petiole terete, 6-35 cm long, 2.5-4 mm wide, dark green suffused with purple, especially at the base. Leaf- blade oblong-hastate, apex acute to rather obtuse, 5-11 cm long, 2-6 cm wide, dark green. INFLORESCENCE unscented. Peduncle exceeding the leaves, terete, 10.5-45 cm long, 3.5-5.5 mm wide, dark green, longitudinally striped and stained with purple. Spathe 8-14 cm long; spathe-tube ellipsoid-cylindric, 1.5-3 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide, tapering apically, exterior pale green, stained with purple, especially along the margin and at the base, interior dark purple; spathe-limb ovate-lanceolate, 6.5-11 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, cucullate, acute to briefly acuminate, externally pale greenish stained with purple along the margin and at the base, internally greenish white with a broad, purple margin. Spadix subequal to the spathe-limb, 4-7 cm in total length; appendix very slender-cylindric, stalkless , 2.5-4.5 cm long, 2.5-2.2 mm wide; dark purple. Staminodes in c. 4 whorls forming a zone 3-7 cm long; bristles filiform, flexuous, abundant, 2.5-5 mm long, cream with the upper violet; bases barely conic, smooth, pale mauve. Interstices: upper 1-2 mm long, smooth, cream; lower 0-0.5 mm long, smooth cream. Staminate flowers in a ±oblong zone 1.5-4 mm long, 2-3 mm wide; anthers and connectives violet. Pistillodes in 1 whorl forming a zone 0.7-3.7 mm long, sometimes absent; bristles filiform, flexuous, 2-4 mm long, cream, minutely tipped with violet; bases ± absent. Pistillate flowers in a cylindric cluster, 6-10 mm long; ovaries globose, 1.5-2 mm long, cream, with a very faint pale mauve ring around the stigma; stigma white. Fruiting spike cylindric, 3-4.5(-7) cm long, 1.5-2(-2.5) cm wide; berries oblong, 5-9 mm long, 2.5-3.5 mm wide. Germination unknown.
Distribution
Black Sea coast of Turkey.

Native to:

Turkey

Arum euxinum R.R.Mill appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Johnson, M.J. [9], Turkey 49777.000
Mayo, S. 51432.000
Turkey 55693.000
Johnson [9], Turkey 57582.000
59157.000

First published in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 46 (1983)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Floras? (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakf?/Nezahat Gökyi?it Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Boyce, P.C. 1993. The Genus Arum. 196 pp.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Floras? (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakf?/Nezahat Gökyi?it Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/