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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Europe to W. & SW. Turkey, NE. Algeria.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

General Description
Moderate to very robust, solitary to clump-fonning herb to 2 m. Tuber 5-12 x 3-6 cm, solitary, sometimes producing offsets from adventitious buds. Pseudostem 35-150 x 3-9 cm, pale to mid-grey-green with numerous jagged dark purple to almost black markings. LEAVES 10-21 x 18-45 cm, bright mid- to deep green, occasionally with conspicuous white streaks. INFLORESCENCE 25-135 cm in total length, smelling strongly of dung and carrion when newly opened; peduncle mostly enclosed by the pseudostem, visible portion 5-18 x 2-5 cm, concolorous mid-green; spathe tube 8-15 x 3-7 cm, oblong-cylindric to ellipsoid, convolute, exterior mid-green, slightly glaucous, rarely pale greenish white or dirty yellowish, interior deep purple, sometimes white to cream towards the opening; spathe limb 17-110 x 8-34 cm, ovate-lanceolate to oblong-triangular, acuminate, exterior mid- to dark green, margins and outer parts of limb usually stained deep purple, rarely pale greenish white or dirty yellowish, interior deep velvety purple, rarely greenish white or dirly yellowish, very rarely with conspicuous white, lilac and purple marbling; spadix 24-134 cm in total length; spadix appendix 20-128x 1.5-7 cm, stipitate, stout-cylindric to fusiform, larger appendices often strongly flattened laterally, deep glossy purple, rarely lilac, stipe deep purple, rarely white. Flowers; pistillate flowers arranged in an oblong-fusiform zone 2-4 x 1.5-3 cm, ovary oblong 2-3.4 x 1.5 -2mm, cream to yellow green, stylar region purple, stigma 0.5-0.75 x 0.3-0.5 mm, subcapitate, papillate, cream; interstice 1-5 mm long, cream; pistillodes present or absent, 1.5-3 x 0.5-1 mm, peg-like, cream; staminate flowers arranged in an oblong to onblong-fusiform zone 2-5 x 1.5-3, anthers 1.5-2 x 2-2.5, dark yellow, thecae stained mid-purple apically. INFRUCTESCENCE 4-12 x 3-5 cm, comprised of c. 60-80 berries, sometimes partially to completely encased in the dry spathe tube remnants; berries obovoid, 3-5 x 4-7 mm, orange-red when ripe. Seed compressed globose, 3-4 mm diameter., pale brown. Chromosome count 2n = 28
Diagnostic
Although the inflorescence of D. canariensis is superficially similar to that D. vulgaris it appears that D. canariensis has evolved in association with a difierent pollinator. The pale spathe limb, yellow spadix appendix and semen-like odour attract small flies, wasps and small bees (Boyce, pers. obs.) The spathe tube gapes at the front and allows insects direct access to the flowers whereas in D. vulgaris the potential pollinators (large flies, Staphylinid and Scarabidinid beetles) enter the spathe tube and gain access to the flowers by descending the spadix appendix.
Distribution
Distribution. Balkans, Aegean Islands, SW Turkey. Collections from Italy are possibly introduced; material from further west and from North Africa almost certainly represents introductions.
Habitat
Ecology. Maquis, garrigue, undisturbed olive groves, waste land.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Bulgaria, Corse, East Aegean Is., Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sardegna, Sicilia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

France, Great Britain, Portugal

Dracunculus vulgaris Schott appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 11, 1964 Redhead, E.M. K000499437
Jun 11, 1964 Redhead, E.M. K000499438
25760.000
Boyce, P. [19], Greece 49822.000
Boyce, P. [19], Greece 51381.000
54019.000
Turkey 54137.000
Atchley, S.C. [s.n.], Greece K000480396
s.coll. [s.n.], Greece K000480397
Ingoldby, C.M. [586], Turkey K000480402
Price, W.R. [1092], Turkey K000480405
Ascherson, P. [813], Turkey K000480406
Tedd, H.G. [1372], Greece K000480394
Atchley, S.C. [642], Greece K000480389
Stainton, J.D.A. [7504], Greece K000480377
Stainton, J.D.A. [7504], Greece K000480378
Lieber [s.n.], Kriti K000480386
Harris, G.W. [257], Greece K000480379
Tedd, H.G. [1372], Greece K000480395
Atchley, S.C. [1393], Greece K000480387
s.coll. [s.n.], Greece K000480400
Bornmüller, J. [10030], Turkey K000480403
Atchley, S.C. [642], Greece K000480392
Bornmüller, J. [10030], Turkey K000480404
Platt, J.W.O. [215], Greece K000480380
Atchley, S.C. [642], Greece K000480388
Heldreich [s.n.], Greece K000480399
s.coll. [s.n.], Greece K000480398
Brummit, R.K. [s.n.] 76579.000
Tedd, H.G. [1372], Greece K000480393
Aug 27, 1986 Reverchon, E. [171], Greece Dracunculus creticus K000480382
Aug 27, 1986 Reverchon, E. [171], Greece Dracunculus creticus K000480384
Aug 27, 1986 Reverchon, E. [171], Greece Dracunculus creticus K000480385

First published in H.W.Schott & S.L.Endlicher, Melet. Bot.: 17 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Boyce, P.C. 1994. The genera Dracunculus and Helicodiceros (Araceae: Aroideae). Thaiszia. 4: 175-182.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/