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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Morocco, E. Cyprus, W. Turkey, SW. Syria to W. Jordan.
Arum hygrophilum

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Phenology
Flowering February to May.
Habitat
Stream sides, ditches, wet flushes, damp soil pockets at rock bases.
Diagnostic
Inflorescence borne beneath the leaves. Spathe-limb internally pale greenish-white with a narrow purple margin. Spadix appendix ? as long as the spathe-limb, slender cylindric, with no stipe, purple. (similar to Arum euxinum)
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in early autumn from a discoid vertically (rarely horizontally) orientated tuber 3-6 cm across, 1.5-2.5 cm thick. Petiole terete, 9-75 cm long, 3-6 mm wide, bright mid-green, occasionally with purple staining along the sheath margin and at the petiole base. Leaf- blade lanceolate-hastate, apex acute to subacute, 8-45 cm long, 5-14 cm wide, dark to bright mid-green. INFLORESCENCE unscented. Peduncle shorter than the leaves, terete, 15-45 cm long, 1.5-4 mm thick, bright mid-green. Spathe 7-14 cm long; spathe-tube ellipsoid, 2.5-3.8 cm long, 1.2-2.5 cm wide, waisted above, exterior pale to mid-green, occasionally with purple staining at the base and along the margin, rarely with the entire spathe-tube stained purple, interior deep purple, often with pale greenish white blotches on the rear wall near the base; spathe-limb oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, 5-11.5 cm long, 3-3.5 cm wide, erect to slightly cucullate, acuminate, externally pale to mid-green, purple-flushed along the margin, internally pale greenish-white with a purple margin 0.5-1.5 mm wide.Spadix ? as long as the spathe-limb, 7.5-9.5 cm in total length; appendix slender-cylindric, without a stipe , 5-7.5 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide, deep purple, occasionally blotched apically with paler purple. Staminodes in 2 or 3 whorls, forming a zone 2-3.5 mm long; bristles filiform, flexuous, 4-5 mm long, pale cream, ± purple at the tip; bases conic, verrucate, cream, stained with purple. Interstices : upper 0-2 mm long, longitudinally ridged, cream; lower ± absent. Staminate flowers in a roughly quadratic zone 4-7 mm long, 5-6 mm wide; anthers and connectives reddish purple. Pistillodes in 2 or 3 whorls forming a zone 2-3 mm long; bristles filiform, flexuous, cream, stained with purple; bases bulbiform, minutely verrucate, cream, speckled with purple. Pistillate flowers a cylindric cluster 4-10 mm long; ovaries oblong-fusiform, pale lime green with a faint purple ring around the stigma; stigma white. Fruiting spike oblong-cylindric, 4-6 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide; berries angular-pyriform, 4-11 mm long, 3-5 mm wide. Germination epigeal.
Distribution
Morocco, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan.

Native to:

Cyprus, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Palestine, Turkey

Arum hygrophilum Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480508
Aug 1, 1982 Scott-Moncrieff [1658], Cyprus K000480511
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480507
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480509
Aug 1, 1982 [Suart, J.B.] [63], Cyprus K000480512
Aug 1, 1982 Meikle, R.D. [2552], Cyprus K000480505
Aug 1, 1982 s.coll. [1147], Cyprus K000480513
Aug 1, 1982 Meikle, R.D. [2552], Cyprus K000480506
Aug 1, 1982 s.coll. [355], Cyprus K000480514
Aug 1, 1982 Syngrassides, A. [1462], Cyprus K000480510
Jun 1, 1982 Simpson, N.D. [53192], Jordan K000286075
Jun 1, 1982 Archibald, J.C. [1085], Lebanon K000480497
Jun 1, 1982 Lowne, B.T. [s.n.], Israel K000480501
Jun 1, 1982 Lowne, B.T. [s.n.], Israel K000480499
Israel 49763.000
51394.000
Boyce, P., Israel 51304.000
Dinsmore, J.E. [4643], Israel K000480493
Samuelsson, G. [4226], Lebanon K000480515
Davis, P.H. [4315], Jordan K000480496
Bornmüller, J. [1474], Israel K000480518
Sintenis, P. [129], Cyprus K000480504
Boissier, E. [s.n.], Syria K000400279 syntype
Sintenis, P. [129], Cyprus K000480503
Trethewy, A.W. [67], Morocco K000480490
Trethewy, A.W. [257], Morocco K000480491
Davis, P.H. [4388], Jordan K000480495
Meyers, F.S. [653], Jordan K000286076
Meyers, F.S. [6643], Israel K000480492
s.coll. [643], Israel K000480494
Sintenis, P. [129], Cyprus K000480502
Nicolson, D.H. [1733], Lebanon K000480517
Blanche, I. [95], Lebanon K000480500
Meyers, F.S. [2643], Jordan K000286077

First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 8 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Floras? (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakf?/Nezahat Gökyi?it Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Boyce, P.C. 1993. The Genus Arum. 196 pp.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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