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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Aegean Islands to Jordan, Cyprus.
Arum dioscoridis

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Habitat
Fallow fields, field margins, earth hillsides, waste places, uncultivated olive groves, often very abundant.
Diagnostic
Spadix ½ as long to just exceeding the spathe-limb. Spathe internally very pale green, sometimes variously covered by maroon-purple blotching and staining. Inflorescence smelling strongly of donkey dung and carrion.
General Description
Tuberous herb sprouting in early autumn from a discoid, vertically orientated tuber 5-10 cm across, 2.5-3 cm thick. Petiole terete, 13-50 cm long, 4-7 mm wide, mid-green, sometimes longitudinally striped with whitish green, more rarely stained with purple. Leaf- blade oblong-hastate to narrowly sagittate-hastate, apex acute, 13-45 cm long, 9-27 cm wide, mid-green, the main and secondary lateral veins sometimes conspicuously paler. INFLORESCENCE smelling strongly of donkey dung and carrion, rarely odourless. Peduncle usually much shorter than the leaves, rarely almost equalling the petioles, terete, 3.5-10(-42) cm long, 4-10 mm wide, mid-green, rarely stained with purple. Spathe 11-40 cm long; spathe-tube oblong-cylindric, 3-8 cm long, 2-3.5 cm wide, moderately constricted apically, exterior pale to mid-green, sometimes suffused with purple above and along the margin, interior greenish white, the apical portion sometimes stained with purple; spathe-limb lanceolate to lanceolate-elliptic, erect, acute to acuminate, 8-37 cm long, (2-) 4-11 cm wide, externally pale to mid-green, occasionally stained with purple, especially towards the margin, internally greenish white to mid-green, variously blotched and stained with deep purple-maroon to black-purple, sometimes ± unspotted (var. syriacum) or ± uniformly purple (var. philistaeum). Spadix ½ as long to just exceeding the spathe-limb, 12-28 cm in total length; appendix stout-cylindric, fusiform cylindric or slender-cylindric, almost lacking a stipe to rather long-stipitate, 6-32 cm long, 3-12 mm wide, sooty purple to maroon-purple, very rarely dull yellow, stipe occasionally paler. Staminodes in 2 or 3 whorls forming a zone 1.5-8 mm long; bristles subulate to subulate-filiform, stiff, 2.5-9 mm long, cream to dull purple; bases bulbiform, verrucate, cream, sometimes stained with purple. Interstices: upper 0-5 mm long, longitudinally ridged, cream to dull yellow; lower 0-3 mm long, divided into ± diamond-shaped areas, cream to dull yellow. Staminate flowers in an oblong zone 2.5-8.5 mm long, 4.5-6 mm wide, anthers cream to cream with purple tips , connectives cream or purple. Pistillodes in (1-)2-5 whorls forming a zone 2.5-10 mm long; bristles subulate to subulate-filiform, stiff, 2-7 mm long, cream, to dull purple; bases compressed-bulbiform, verrucate, cream, sometimes stained with purple. Pistillate flowers in an oblong-cylindric cluster 8-30 mm long; ovaries oblong, somewhat truncate apically, pale green to pale yellow, stained with dark purple around the stigma; stigma pale lilac to dirty white. Fruiting spike stout-cylindric, 4-9 cm long, 2-3 cm wide; berries oblong-pyriform, 5-11 mm long, 4-6 mm wide. Germination epigeal.
Phenology
Flowering April to May.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

General Description
Spathe-limb 8-14 cm long, ± uniformly purple. Spadix-appendix slender, 3-4 mm wide.
Distribution
NW Syria.
Phenology
Flowering April to May.
Habitat
Fallow fields, field margins, earth hillsides, waste places, uncultivated olive groves, often very abundant.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Habitat
Fallow fields, field margins, earth hillsides, waste places, uncultivated olive groves, often very abundant.
Phenology
Flowering April to May.
General Description
Spathe-limb ± pale green, unstained, with small, scattered blotches, not infrequently ± devoid of markings. Spadix-appendix purple to dull yellow.
Distribution
Central S Turkey, NW Syria.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

General Description
Spathe-limb ± pale green, unstained, with large discrete blotches, especially in the basal ?. Spadix -appendix rather stout, 5-12 mm wide, sooty-purple.
Habitat
Fallow fields, field margins, earth hillsides, waste places, uncultivated olive groves, often very abundant.
Phenology
Flowering April to May.
Distribution
Islands of the E Aegean, Rhodes, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel.

Native to:

Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey

Arum dioscoridis Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 1982 Kotschy, T. [181], Cyprus K000499469 Unknown type material
Albury [1965], Turkey 51375.000
Albury, Turkey 52105.000
Balansa, B. [828], Turkey K000499471 Unknown type material
Kotschy, T. [444], Turkey K000950266
Balansa, B. [828], Turkey K000499470

First published in J.Sibthorp & J.E.Smith, Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 245 (1816)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Boyce, P.C. 1993. The Genus Arum. 196 pp.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/