1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Aglaonema Schott
      1. Aglaonema costatum N.E.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bangladesh to Peninsula Malaysia (Pulau Langkawi).

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia (Pulau Langkawi), Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

    Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia (Pulau Langkawi)

    General Description

    Small to medium, solitary to clump-forming, evergreen herb, to 35 cm tall. Stem repent and often branching, 0.6–1.3 cm thick. Leaves several together, often dense, each subtended by a pale green cataphyll that soon deliquesces; petioles 5–19 cm long; petiolar sheath very short, ca 1.5 cm long, open; leaf blade ovate, rarely lanceolate, 9.5–26 × 4.7–10 cm, base unequal, subcordate to rounded, apex acute to abruptly acuminate, apiculate, usually variegated with scattered spots on both sides of the leaf and/or with a white midrib, rarely not variegated; primary lateral veins 7–15 per side, diverging from midrib at 50°–70°; interprimaries barely differentiated. Inflorescence solitary; peduncle 2.5–23 cm; spathe ovate, apiculate, spreading at staminate anthesis, then closing, 2.2–5 cm, decurrent for 0.5–3 cm, white at anthesis, later marcescent during fruit development; spadix ellipsoidal-cylindrical, 1.8–3.5 × ca 1 cm, stipitate, stipe 0.2–0.6 cm; pistillate flower zone 0.2–0.5 cm, with 6–13 flowers; staminate flower zone 1.5–3.3 × 0.5–0.8 cm, white. Fruits bluntly ellipsoidal, 1–2 × 0.5–1.0 cm, ripening deep red.

    Small to medium, solitary to clump-forming, evergreen herb, to 35 cm tall  Stem repent and often branching, 0.6--1.3 cm thick.  Leaves several together, often dense, each subtended by a pale green cataphyll that soon deliquesces;  petioles 5-19 cm long;  petiolar sheath very short, ca 1.5 cm long, open;  leaf blade ovate, rarely lanceolate, 9.5-26 by 4.7-10 cm, base unequal, subcordate to rounded, apex acute to abruptly acuminate, apiculate, usually variegated with scattered spots on both sides of the leaf and/or with a white midrib, rarely not variegated;  primary lateral veins 7-15 per side, diverging from midrib at 50°-70°;  interprimaries barely differentiated.  Inflorescence solitary;  peduncle 2.5-23 cm;  spathe ovate, apiculate, spreading at staminate anthesis, then closing, 2.2-5 cm, decurrent for 0.5-3 cm, white at anthesis, later marcescent during fruit development;  spadix ellipsoidal-cylindrical, 1.8-3.5 by ea 1 cm, stipitate;  stipe 0.2-0.6 cm;  pistillate flower zone 0.2-0.5 cm, with 6--13 flowers;  staminate flower zone 1.5-3.3 by 0.5-0.8 cm, white.  Fruits bluntly ellipsoidal, 1-2 by 0.5-1 cm, ripening deep red.

    Habitat

    Dry lowland to hill evergreen forest, mixed evergreen and deciduous forest.

    Dry lowland to hill evergreen forest, mixed evergreen & deciduous forest, dry deciduous forest.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Malaya, Thailand, Vietnam

    Aglaonema costatum N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 6, 2005 Boyce, P.C. [1239], Thailand K000455112
    Jul 1, 1970 Kerr, A.F.G. [21263], Laos K000455110
    Jul 1, 1970 Kerr, A.F.G. [21263], Laos K000455111
    Oct 29, 1963 Curtis, C. [2813], Malaysia K000291544 isotype
    Jul 12, 1962 Curtis [s.n.], Malaysia K000291543 Unknown type material

    First published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 11: 426 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Boyce, P.Charles et al. Araceae. Flora of Thailand 11, (2012).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0