1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cola Schott & Endl.
      1. Cola greenwayi Brenan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Mpumalanga.

    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Tree 6–17 (24) m. tall, evergreen, dioecious; young branches densely dark-brown-tomentellous; bark rough.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 15 × 7 cm., subcoriaceous, purplish-red when young, elliptic to oblanceolate or obovate-elliptic, apex obtusely acuminate, margin entire or sinuate, base broadly cuneate or narrowly rounded, glabrous on both surfaces, midrib prominent on both surfaces, nerves in 8–12 pairs, prominent on both surfaces but particularly beneath, venation reticulate; petiole up to 5·5 cm. long, with a dark-brown-stellate-tomentellous pulvinus just below the lamina; stipules 5 mm. long, caducous, subulate-lanceolate, brown-tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–8-nate in fascicles on 1–3-year-old wood. Female flowers as in the male but with the pedicels up to 1 (2) cm. long and the part above the articulation markedly sulcate; carpels 3–4, densely stellate-tomentose, biovulate; styles up to 3 mm. long, tomentose; stigmas 1 × 0·5–1·25 mm., patent or recurved, papillose; anthers 5, sessile, surrounding the base of the carpels. Male flowers (not collected in our area as yet, description based on Tanganyika material) on ferruginous-stellate-pubescent pedicels 4–7 mm. long articulated above the base; calyx deeply 4–6-lobed, densely ferruginous-stellate-tomentose outside, tube up to 1·5 mm. long, glabrous within; lobes 5–10 × 2·5–5 mm., elliptic to obovate-elliptic with acute apices, with 3–5 longitudinal nerves, stellate-pubescent within the upper half, minutely papillose below; androphore 2·5–4·5 mm. long, glabrous except for a circle of stellate hairs at the base or densely pubescent, with 5–6 anthers in a single series at the apex and 4 vestigial pubescent or subglabrous carpels immersed in the top.
    Male
    Male flowers (not collected in our area as yet, description based on Tanganyika material) on ferruginous-stellate-pubescent pedicels 4–7 mm. long articulated above the base; calyx deeply 4–6-lobed, densely ferruginous-stellate-tomentose outside, tube up to 1·5 mm. long, glabrous within; lobes 5–10 × 2·5–5 mm., elliptic to obovate-elliptic with acute apices, with 3–5 longitudinal nerves, stellate-pubescent within the upper half, minutely papillose below; androphore 2·5–4·5 mm. long, glabrous except for a circle of stellate hairs at the base or densely pubescent, with 5–6 anthers in a single series at the apex and 4 vestigial pubescent or subglabrous carpels immersed in the top.
    Female
    Female flowers as in the male but with the pedicels up to 1 (2) cm. long and the part above the articulation markedly sulcate; carpels 3–4, densely stellate-tomentose, biovulate; styles up to 3 mm. long, tomentose; stigmas 1 × 0·5–1·25 mm., patent or recurved, papillose; anthers 5, sessile, surrounding the base of the carpels.
    Fruits
    Follicles 1–1·8 × 1·4–2 cm., sessile or subsessile, obliquely ellipsoid to obovoid, rounded or mucronate at the apex, ferruginously tomentellous, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 13–16 × 8–11 mm., ellipsoid, with a brown rugulose testa.
    [FTEA]

    Sterculiaceae, Martin Cheek & Laurence Dorr; Nesogordonia, Laurence Dorr, Lisa Barnett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Type
    Type: Tanzania, Lushoto District: Mkusi [Mkuzi], Greenway 7891 (K!, holo.; EA, iso.)
    Habit
    Evergreen, much-branched tree with columnar or conical crown, 8–25 m tall.
    Bark
    Bark greyish-white or greyish-brown, reticulate and rough or smooth; ultimate branches terete, 2–2.5 mm wide, greyish brown, subscabrid with blackish hairs or glabrous; bud-scales caducous
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, 3–16(–18) cm long, 1–6(–7) cm wide, apex long-acute, but sometimes shortly and bluntly acuminate, base acute to cuneate, 7–10 pairs of main veins, leathery, glabrous, dark green, drying brownish green; petiole terete, 0.3–4(–5.6) cm long, 0.1–0.15 mm wide, densely covered with short reddish or blackish subscabrid stellate hairs, at length glabrous; stipules caducous, narrowly triangular, 3–6 mm long, with brown, scurfy hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, amongst the leaves, with fascicles of numerous single flowers, but with 1–6 flowers open at a time; bracts 1–3, basal, ± elliptic to triangular 1–1.5 mm long, 1.5–2 mm wide, sometimes inserted on the lower part of the pedicel and narrowly elliptic to deeply bifid, to 5 mm long, puberulous; pedicel 5–12(–15) mm long, 0.6–0.9 mm diameter, articulated 1/3–1/2 the way from the base, with short felty rusty reddish hairs
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish brown or green, perianth divided almost to the base into 5 lobes, each (3.5–)5–7(–10.5) mm long, 2.2–3.5 mm wide, outer surface as pedicel, inner sparsely hairy and densely and minutely papillate. Male flowers with androphore terete (2.5–)3.5 mm long, ± 0.5 mm wide, glabrous or hairy; anthers uniseriate, 4–6, glabrous, in a disc ± 1 mm long, 1.5–2 mm diameter, ovary vestigial, concealed Female flowers with androphore absent; anthers barely reduced at base of ovary; ovary subglobose (1.2–)2–3 mm long, 2–3.5 mm diameter, densely tomentose; style 1–1.5 mm long; stigmas (3–)4(–5), recurved, 0.5 mm long, with stout hairs
    Male
    Male flowers with androphore terete (2.5–)3.5 mm long, ± 0.5 mm wide, glabrous or hairy; anthers uniseriate, 4–6, glabrous, in a disc ± 1 mm long, 1.5–2 mm diameter, ovary vestigial, concealed
    Female
    Female flowers with androphore absent; anthers barely reduced at base of ovary; ovary subglobose (1.2–)2–3 mm long, 2–3.5 mm diameter, densely tomentose; style 1–1.5 mm long; stigmas (3–)4(–5), recurved, 0.5 mm long, with stout hairs
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose to clavate, 12–16(–25) mm long, 15–20 mm diameter, apiculus ± 1 mm long, stipe 1–2 mm long, reddish crimson or brownish orange, with reddish tomentum

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cola greenwayi Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drummond, R.B. [2965], Tanzania 3183.000
    Dowsett-Lemaire, F. [2523], Mozambique K000614133
    Patel, H. [7215], Mozambique K000545176
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614785
    Timberlake, J. [5390], Mozambique K000614383
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614486
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614488
    Mphamba [75], Mozambique K000614292

    First published in Kew Bull. 11: 144 (1956)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cheek, M. & Dorr, L. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Sterculiaceae: 1-134.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cheek, M. & Dorr, L. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Sterculiaceae: 1-134.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.T.S.L.: 162, fig., map (1994).
    • F.C.B. 10: 290 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1: 560 (1961)
    • K.B. 11: 144 (1956)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0