1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cestrum L.
      1. Cestrum elegans (Brongn. ex Neumann) Schltdl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 2600 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Arbusto, arbolito
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    Habit
    Shrub up to 3(4) m, with striate branches, sometimes tinged purplish, densely hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, coarsely hairy beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers in compound, leafy, terminal inflorescences, complemented by further inflorescences from the axils below, the flowers congested at the ends of the axes, hairy.
    Calyx
    Calyx purplish-red to deep purple, obconic, sub-campanulate, 5-angular; corolla crimson or reddish-purple to violaceous, to 21(22) mm long, bearing a long, glabrous tube to 19.5 mm, ventricous-clavate distally but somewhat constricted at the throat, and with a spreading limb with 5 ovate-subrounded, mucronate or cuspidate lobes, glabrous outside, papillose-tomentose inside and slightly pilose at the margins; stamens thickened at the base, rugose, sulcate, glabrous, inserted above the middle of the corolla tube; ovary semi-ellipsoid, glabrous; style filiform, 18 mm long, puberulous distally, included.
    Fruits
    Fruit purplish-red, obovoid, apically somewhat obtuse, fleshy
    Distribution
    Originally from Mexico, now cultivated as a garden ornamental or as a hedge and occasionally becoming naturalized mainly on roadsides and forest edges in the Old World. Zimbabwe Malawi Zambia
    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: Mexico, Oaxaca, Galeotti 2619 (?P, holo.)
    Habit
    Evergreen shrubs or small trees, occasionally herbaceous, straggling, 1–4 m high.
    Stem
    Stems conspicuously hirsute and ferrugineous with long simple or branched hairs, stalked glands usually present throughout
    Leaves
    Leaves often scabrid, dark green, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, rarely narrowly lanceolate, (4.5–)6–11(–14) × 1.8–4.3(–6.8) cm, bases cuneate, margins entire, apices acute to acuminate, both surfaces conspicuously and softly hirsute, especially on the veins and midribs; petioles (2–)5–10 mm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences dense terminal panicles of spicate racemes or lateral cymes, often nodding; flowering stems densely pilose/villous, often purplish; flowers in compact clusters, sometimes with a faint scent; pedicels densely hirsute, purplish, 1–3 mm long with prominent apical abscission layer; bracts narrowly lanceolate, ± 6 mm long, appearing reddish with stalked glands
    Calyx
    Calyx pink, purple or red, campanulate to cupulate, 4–9 × 3–6 mm, lobes equal or unequal, coloured, narrowly triangular, 1.5–4 × 1–3 mm, acute, usually densely pilose with ciliate margins in flower, enlarging slightly and becoming glabrescent and adherent in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla usually red, occasionally pinkish, urceolate, 1.5–2.3 cm long and 5–8 mm diameter apically, narrow basally becoming bulbous above then constricted below lobes, tube 1.5–1.9 cm long, glabrescent below becoming pilose towards the lobes externally; lobes narrowly triangular, spreading after anthesis, 1.5–4 × 1.8–2.5 mm, acute, glabrescent externally apart from densely pilose marginal bands
    Stamens
    Stamens usually equal; filaments free for 7–10 mm, curved apically; anthers yellow to orange, 0.8–1.3 × 0.9–1.3 mm
    Ovary
    Ovary brownish, globose to ovoid, 1.2–1.4 mm long; disc cupulate, ± 1 mm broad; style 1.3–1.8 cm long, usually exserted; stigma 0.6–1.3 mm diameter
    Fruits
    Berry often in dense clusters, glossy, dark red to dark purple, globose to broadly ovoid, 5–13 × 4–9 mm enclosed basally by cupulate enlarged calyx
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–17 per berry, dark brown, ellipsoidal, prismatic, (1.8–)3–4.5 × 1.5–2.8 mm, often mixed with small vestigial seeds
    Figures
    Fig 1/10, p 11
    Ecology
    Widely cultivated, also an escape in disturbed vegetation; 1350–2600 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    The species is a popular ornamental, widely planted for its dense inflorescences of showy red flowers.
    Distribution
    Range: Also cultivated and becoming naturalised in Congo, Rwanda, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa Range: And in N Africa, Europe, Sri Lanka, Australia and Pacific islands Flora districts: K3 K4 T3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest

    Introduced into:

    China South-Central, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Victoria, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cestrum elegans (Brongn. ex Neumann) Schltdl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2000 Pringle, C.G. [6127], Mexico K000063375
    Jan 1, 2000 Hernández A, C. [100], Mexico K000063376
    Jan 1, 1999 Linden, J. [512], Mexico K000063379 isotype
    Jan 1, 1999 Jurgensen, C. [613], Mexico K000063371
    Jan 1, 1999 Jurgensen, C. [613], Mexico K000063378
    Jan 1, 1999 Saunders, W.W.H. [480], Mexico K000063372
    Jan 1, 1984 Nee, M. [26165], Mexico K000063377
    Bourgeau, M. [2404], Mexico K000063374
    Jan 1, 2000 Galeotti, H.G. [1206], Oaxaca Cestrum elegans var. longiflorum K000585143 isosyntype

    First published in Linnaea 19: 261 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1988). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 6: 1-424. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Symon, D.E. (1985). The Solanaceae of New Guinea Journal of the Adelaide botanic gardens 8: 1-171.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Symon, D.E. (1985). The Solanaceae of New Guinea Journal of the Adelaide botanic gardens 8: 1-171.
    • Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 1-208. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 5: 105 (2006).
    • F.Z. 8(4): 9 (2005)
    • Fl. Egypt 6: 135 (1998)
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 362 (1985)
    • Candollea 6: 123 (1935)
    • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 600 (1852)
    • Linnaea 19: 261 (1847)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0