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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Sibthorpia L.
      1. Sibthorpia europaea L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Azores, W. & S. Europe to Tropical African Mountains.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Prostrate, creeping herb rooting at nodes, somewhat pilose; stems slender up to 20 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, 5–15 mm. in diam., subcircular, crenate-dentate, finely to densely pilose above and below; petioles 5–30 mm. long, slender, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, pedicels 2–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–2 mm. long, shortly 4–5-lobed, 4–5-nerved, pubescent, lobes short, obtuse to subacute.
    Corolla
    Corolla up to 2 mm. long, usually 5-lobed, yellow to purple, lobes short, obtuse.
    Stamens
    Stamens usually four, included.
    Fruits
    Capsule to about 1.5 mm. long, obovate, somewhat emarginate, pilose at apex.
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A prostrate herb
    Ecology
    In moist montane habitats.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Lectotype: “Alsine spuria pusilla repens foliis Saxifragae aureae” in Plukenet, Phytographia, t. 7, f. 6, 1691, designated by Hampshire in Jarvis & al. (ed.), Regnum Veg. 127 : 88 (1993)
    Habit
    Prostrate perennial.
    Stem
    Stems creeping, often matted, rooting at the nodes, ± pilose
    Leaves
    Young distal leaves reniform, ± 5 mm in diameter, very shortly petiolate; older leaves reniform, up to 15 mm long and 20 mm wide, margins crenate-dentate, pilose on both surfaces; petiole ± 2 cm long (up to 7 cm in shaded locations)
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary; pedicels 2–5 mm, much shorter than the petiole
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 2 mm long, usually 5lobed, erect in fruit, pubescent
    Corolla
    Corolla pale pink or mauve, slightly longer than calyx
    Stamens
    Stamens 4 or 5, included
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid, shorter than calyx, pilose at apex
    Figures
    Fig 28, p 97
    Ecology
    Damp places in mountains such as shady banks along roads; 2000–3500 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread and common
    Note
    Hedberg (in Bot. Not. 108: 168 (1955)), followed by a number of later authors, indicated 793.1 (LINN) as type but it is not annoted by Linnaeus and is not original material for the name (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/jdsml/research-curation/projects/linnaean-typification/)
    Distribution
    Range: Cameroon south to Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Mediterranean and western Europe Flora districts: U2 U3 K2 K3 K 4 ; T2 T7
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Azores, Cameroon, Ethiopia, France, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ireland, Kenya, Kriti, Portugal, Rwanda, Spain, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Sibthorpia europaea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2009 Kisalye, N. [134], Uganda K000545485
    Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [799], Cameroon K000028761
    Jan 1, 1952 Maitland, T.D. [1197], Cameroon K000028765
    Jan 1, 1952 Maitland, T.D. [1322], Cameroon K000028766
    Jan 1, 1952 Mann, G. [1963], Cameroon K000028764
    Hepper, F.N. [2009], Cameroon K000028768
    Hepper, F.N. [2094], Cameroon K000028763
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9566], Cameroon K000028767
    Breteler, F.J. [MC 128], Cameroon K000028769

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 631 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Hedberg in Sym. Bot. Uppsal. 15: 168 (1957).
    • Hedberg in Bot. Not. 108: 168 (1955)
    • Sp. P. 631 (1753)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 284 (2006).
    • Fischer, F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 210, pl. 87 (1999)
    • U.K.W.F.: 257 (1994)
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 75, t. 27 (1990)
    • F.W.T.A.  ed. 2, 2: 356, fig. 285 (1986)
    • Caryologia 28: 253, fig. 6 (1975)
    • A.V.P.: 168 (1957)
    • Bot. Not. 108: 168 (1955)
    • Sp. P1.: 631 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0