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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Limosella L.
      1. Limosella major Diels

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Tufted marsh herb, minutely glandular, stoloniferous or not; stolons, where present, up to 6.5 mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 25–45(140) mm. long, many, laminate, spathulate, oblong or oblong-spathulate; lamina 6–17(35) x 1.5–3.5(12) mm., usually ovate, obtuse or subacute, narrowed at base into erect, comparatively stout petiole.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels (5)15–50 mm. long, erect in flower, deflexed in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5–3.5(5) mm. long; lobes 0.8–1.5 mm. long, triangular-ovate.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 5 mm. long, lilac- or bluish-white; lobes c. 2.5 x 1.5 mm., ovate-circular to oblong, minutely pilose towards throat Capsule c. 4 x 3 mm., broadly ovoid to subglobose.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: South Africa, near Pretoria, Dec. 1883, Wilms 977 (B†, holo.; K!, iso.)
    Habit
    Aquatic herb with or without stolons
    Leaves
    Leaves radical, arcuate or erect, 3–15 cm long, lamina spatulate to oblong-spatulate, 1–4.5 cm long, 3–16 mm wide, attenuate at base into a stout petiole, apex obtuse to subacute, margins entire, ± 3-veined
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary; pedicels (1–)2–5 cm long, erect in flower, reflexed in fruit
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long, 5-lobed; lobes ovate, 1–1.5 mm, acute
    Corolla
    Corolla white or mauve (especially on the outside), 4–5(–6) mm long; lobes oblong and ± pubescent on inner surface
    Filaments
    Filaments white, slender, exserted.
    Anthers
    Anthers dark blue.
    Style
    Style nearly as long as corolla, inserted to one side of ovary
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 5 mm long
    Figures
    Fig 27
    Ecology
    Upland seepage areas and muddy slow-moving streams: 1800–2700 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC)
    Note
    forma terrestris Glück in N.B.G.B 12: 77 (1934) is of no taxonomic value since it refers to small plants occurring on mud.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa Flora districts: U2 K3 K5 K6 T5 T6 T7
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Limosella major Diels appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pegler, A. [929], South Africa K000379610
    Wilms, F. [977], South Africa K000379609 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 122 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Eichhoff, A. (2020). Personal communication on Limosella, 1.
    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 265 (2006) (as major).
    • Fischer, F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 62, pl. 22 (1999)
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 73 (1990)
    • J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 22(94): 65, fig. 1a,b (1953)
    • E.J. 66: 547, 559 (1934) (as major)
    • N.B.G.B. 12: 77 (1934)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 353 (1906)
    • F1. Cap. 4(2): 357 (1904)
    • E.J. 26: 122 (1898)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/