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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Limosella L.
      1. Limosella capensis Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Small, tufted, aquatic or marsh herb, of ten stoloniferous, rooting at nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves 35–80(130) mm. long, crowded, erect, sublinear, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, usually attenuate at base into petiole, or floating blade 10–20(34) x 2.5–12(16) mm., ovate to broadly elliptic, obtuse to rounded at apex, broadly rounded, subcordate to broadly attenuate at base.
    Petiole
    Petiole 25–40(110) mm. long, filiform in floating specimens.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1–10(20) mm. long, slender to filiform, erect in flower, becoming deflexed to spreading in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–2.5 mm. long, 5-lobed, lobes 0.5–1 mm. long, broadly ovate.
    Corolla
    Corolla white with lobes pale blue or purplish beneath; lobes oblong, obtuse.
    Fruits
    Capsule 2.5–3 x 1.75–2 mm., ovoid-ellipsoid.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Thunberg s.n. (UPS!, holo., microfiche)
    Habit
    Small, tufted aquatic herb rooting in mud or floating, often with stolons
    Leaves
    Leaves yellow-green, usually floating or erect on mud, oblong-ovate, 1–3 cm long, 0.3–1.5 cm wide, base rounded or subcordate to peltate, apex rounded, margins entire, ± 5veined; petioles (1–)5–10 cm long, slender to narrow
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary; pedicels up to 0.5–2 cm long
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 2 mm long, 5-lobed, (2 + 3); lobes broadly ovate, 0.5–1 mm
    Corolla
    Corolla white to pale blue, ± 3 mm long; lobes oblong, obtuse
    Stamens
    Stamens with short filaments
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, subacute, exserted beyond calyx
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong, acute, multi-angular, finely ribbed.
    Ecology
    Muddy pools, dams, slow streams, temporary rock pools; 1800–2800 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread
    Note
    An extremely variable, ill-defined species. In South Africa plants with minute leaves and long pedicels are frequent. In FTEA area this form has not been recorded, and the distinction from L. africana Glück is often obscure.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U3 K1 K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 Range: Ethiopia, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Limosella capensis Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    2578.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 104 (1800)

    Accepted by

    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 266 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 255 (1994)
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 75 (1990)
    • J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 22(94): 65, fig. 1d,e (1953)
    • E.J. 66: 548, 559 (1934)
    • N.B.G.B. 12: 77 (1934)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 353 (1906)
    • F1. Cap. 4(2): 358 (1904)
    • F1. Cap., ed. Schultes: 480 (1823)
    • Prodr.: 104 (1800)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0