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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Limosella L.
      1. Limosella africana Glück

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mali, Cameroon, Eritrea to N. Tanzania, Namibia to N. Cape Prov., Yemen.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Types: South Africa, Cape, Greenpoint, Ex herb. Brehm s.n. & SW Africa, Dinter 4704 (?HBG, syn.)
    Habit
    Small herb with stolons, often forming mats
    Leaves
    Leaves fasciculate or rosulate, (0.5–)1–4(–10) cm long, lamina ovate to linear lanceolate, (2–)6–11(–10) mm long, up to 10 mm wide, base cuneate, apex subacute, margins entire, ± 3-veined
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, amongst leaf bases, erect in flower, reflexed in fruit; pedicels up to 1 cm long
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 2.5 mm long, lobes broadly ovate
    Corolla
    Corolla white, bluish or pale rose, ± 3 mm long, 5-lobed; tube twice as long as lobes, lobes obtuse
    Stamens
    Stamens 4
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, ± 3.5 mm long and ± 2 mm in diameter
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, 0.3 mm long, 0.2 mm broad, acute at each end.
    Ecology
    Upland pools, stream banks, edges of waterfalls and boggy places, 2200–2500 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common
    Note
    Hedberg (A.V.P.: 318 (1957)) commented on the fine distinctions Glück recognised between L. aquatica L. and his L. africana. Although the taxonomy is still unsatisfactory I have maintained the use of the name L. africana pending further research. However, I do not recognise forma terrestris Glück and forma natans Glück (op. cit. 1934) as taxonomically distinct. Clear distinctions between small plants of L. capensis and L. africana have not been found.
    Distribution
    Range: Yemen Range: Cameroon, Ethiopia, Southern African mountains Flora districts: U2 U3 K3 K4 T2
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A small tufted aquatic or marsh herb, often with stolons bearing tufts of leaves and rooting
    Flowers
    Flowers small, lilac or pinkish.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, Mali, Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Other Data

    Limosella africana Glück appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2007 Friis, I. et al. [12,528], Ethiopia K001045653
    Hepper, F. [4949], Kenya 34356.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 76 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Hedberg in Sym. Bot. Uppsal. 15: 166, 318 (1957).
    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 66: 540, 558 (1934)
    • in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berl. 12: 76 (1934)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 264 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 255 (1994)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 366 (1963)
    • A.V.P.: 166, 318 (1957)
    • J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 22(94): 65, fig. 1f (1953)
    • E.J. 66: 540, 558, t.8 (1934)
    • N.B.G.B. 12: 76 (1934)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0