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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Bacopa Aubl.
      1. Bacopa floribunda (R.Br.) Wettst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia, Tropical Australia.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect, slender herb 8–14(35) cm. tall, scabrid, pubescent to subglabrous; stem simple to more frequently much branched, terete to channelled above, tetragonal below, occasionally subulate towards base.
    Leaves
    Leaves (10)15–24(40) x (1.5)2–5 mm., sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate, barely acute, narrowed shortly or at length to subamplexicaul base, entire, shortly scabrid to subglabrous, glandular-punctate beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, usually solitary, white, through pink to blue or violet, pedicellate, bibracteate.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels (2)4–5 mm. long, hispid.
    Bracts
    Bracts 1–1.5 mm. long, setaceous, subpatent, arising c. 0.5 mm. below base of calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx minutely pubescent to subglabrous; lateral sepals c. 3.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide, lanceolate, midrib somewhat keeled, shortly hispid; posterior 6.5 x 6 mm., broadly ovate; anterior c. 6–6.4 x 4.3–5 mm., broadly ovate, all segments prominently nerved though laterals less so.
    Corolla
    Corolla 4–6 mm. long; upper lip c. 2 mm. wide, emarginate; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes equal.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3–3.25 mm. long, 2.5 mm. in diam., somewhat flattened-ellipsoid, glabrous.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Australia, Queensland, Shoalwater Bay, R. Brown 2653 (BM!, holo.)
    Habit
    Erect annual 10–30(–55) cm high.
    Stem
    Stems 4-angled, simple or branched, finely puberulous to glabrous in the lower parts
    Leaves
    Leaves slightly fleshy, aromatic, linear to linear-lanceolate, 12–30 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, sessile to somewhat amplexicaul at base, ± acute at the apex, margins entire, glandular-punctate
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, usually in the upper axils of leaves; pedicels 3–5 mm long, finely puberulous
    Bracts
    Bracts setaceous, 1 mm long, inserted just below the calyx
    Calyx
    Calyx finely puberulous and glandular, 3 outer lobes ovate, largest 6–8 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, in fruit prominently veined, 2 inner lobes linear-lanceolate, hyaline, 3–4 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla tube white, lobes bluish or white, yellow in throat, about as long as the largest calyx lobe; upper lip emarginate, lower lip equally 3-lobed.
    Style
    Style and ovary glabrous.
    Stigma
    Stigma lamellate
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 3–4 mm long, glabrous
    Seeds
    Seeds shallowly reticulate, 0.3 mm long
    Figures
    Fig 18, p 49
    Ecology
    Wet places and rice fields; 0–1400 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread
    Note
    Small simple, annual plants from Mafia Island ( Greenway 5118) are evidently a coastal ecotype; they match West African plants in similar situations in brackish habitats.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 K7 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Z P Range: Throughout much of tropical Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and extending to Arabia, tropical Asia and Australia
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect or ascending variable herb, 3-18 in. high flowers mauve
    Ecology
    In damp places.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Queensland, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Bacopa floribunda (R.Br.) Wettst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1957 Scott Elliot, G.F. [5451], Sierra Leone K000379557 holotype
    Polhill, R.M. [888], Kenya 25231.000
    Bidgood, S. [6113], Tanzania K000468312
    Bidgood, S. [5947], Tanzania K000468478
    Bidgood, S. [5908], Tanzania K000468517
    Mueller, F. [s.n.], Australia K000979481
    Brown, R. [s.n.], Queensland K000979480
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3899] Herpestis lanceolata K001117550
    Jan 1, 1922 anon. [s.n.], India Moniera floribunda K000662328

    Bibliography

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 77 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Z.Wu & P.H.Raven (eds.) (1998). Flora of China 18: 1-449. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 74.
    • in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 4, 3B: (1891)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Z.Wu & P.H.Raven (eds.) (1998). Flora of China 18: 1-449. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • F.Z.: 8(2): 51 (1990).
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 358 (1963)
    • P.O.A. C.: 357 (1895)
    • E. & P. Pf. 4, 3B: 76 (1891)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0