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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia, Tropical Australia.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect, slender herb 8–14(35) cm. tall, scabrid, pubescent to subglabrous; stem simple to more frequently much branched, terete to channelled above, tetragonal below, occasionally subulate towards base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (10)15–24(40) x (1.5)2–5 mm., sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate, barely acute, narrowed shortly or at length to subamplexicaul base, entire, shortly scabrid to subglabrous, glandular-punctate beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, usually solitary, white, through pink to blue or violet, pedicellate, bibracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels (2)4–5 mm. long, hispid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 1–1.5 mm. long, setaceous, subpatent, arising c. 0.5 mm. below base of calyx.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx minutely pubescent to subglabrous; lateral sepals c. 3.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide, lanceolate, midrib somewhat keeled, shortly hispid; posterior 6.5 x 6 mm., broadly ovate; anterior c. 6–6.4 x 4.3–5 mm., broadly ovate, all segments prominently nerved though laterals less so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 4–6 mm. long; upper lip c. 2 mm. wide, emarginate; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes equal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3–3.25 mm. long, 2.5 mm. in diam., somewhat flattened-ellipsoid, glabrous.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Australia, Queensland, Shoalwater Bay, R. Brown 2653 (BM!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Erect annual 10–30(–55) cm high.
Morphology Stem
Stems 4-angled, simple or branched, finely puberulous to glabrous in the lower parts
Morphology Leaves
Leaves slightly fleshy, aromatic, linear to linear-lanceolate, 12–30 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, sessile to somewhat amplexicaul at base, ± acute at the apex, margins entire, glandular-punctate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, usually in the upper axils of leaves; pedicels 3–5 mm long, finely puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts setaceous, 1 mm long, inserted just below the calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx finely puberulous and glandular, 3 outer lobes ovate, largest 6–8 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, in fruit prominently veined, 2 inner lobes linear-lanceolate, hyaline, 3–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube white, lobes bluish or white, yellow in throat, about as long as the largest calyx lobe; upper lip emarginate, lower lip equally 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style and ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma lamellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 3–4 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds shallowly reticulate, 0.3 mm long
Figures
Fig 18, p 49
Ecology
Wet places and rice fields; 0–1400 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC); widespread
Note
Small simple, annual plants from Mafia Island ( Greenway 5118) are evidently a coastal ecotype; they match West African plants in similar situations in brackish habitats.
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 K7 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Z P Range: Throughout much of tropical Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and extending to Arabia, tropical Asia and Australia

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending variable herb, 3-18 in. high flowers mauve
Ecology
In damp places.

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[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Queensland, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Bacopa floribunda (R.Br.) Wettst. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1957 Scott Elliot, G.F. [5451], Sierra Leone K000379557 holotype
Polhill, R.M. [888], Kenya 25231.000
Bidgood, S. [6113], Tanzania K000468312
Bidgood, S. [5947], Tanzania K000468478
Bidgood, S. [5908], Tanzania K000468517
Mueller, F. [s.n.], Australia K000979481
Brown, R. [s.n.], Queensland K000979480
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3899] Herpestis lanceolata K001117550
Jan 1, 1922 anon. [s.n.], India Moniera floribunda K000662328

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 77 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Z.Wu & P.H.Raven (eds.) (1998). Flora of China 18: 1-449. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 74.
  • in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 4, 3B: (1891)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Z.Wu & P.H.Raven (eds.) (1998). Flora of China 18: 1-449. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.Z.: 8(2): 51 (1990).
  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 358 (1963)
  • P.O.A. C.: 357 (1895)
  • E. & P. Pf. 4, 3B: 76 (1891)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0