1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Pancovia Willd.
      1. Pancovia golungensis (Hiern) Exell & Mendonça

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1.8–18 m. tall with glabrous branches; bark pale grey-brown, described as rough or smooth; twigs densely lenticellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves often drying grey-green; petiole slender, 2.5–15 cm. long, thickened at base, glabrous; rhachis 6–12 cm. long; petiolules 5–7 mm. long; leaflets in (2–)3–5 pairs, rarely 2 but probably always some with more (see note), oblanceolate to broadly elliptic-oblong, obovate or elliptic, 5.5–27+ cm. long, 1.7–7(–12) cm. wide, rounded to subacute or distinctly acuminate or rarely emarginate at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary and on the older wood, narrowly thyrsoid with single flowers or subsessile ± 3-flowered cymules spaced at intervals, ferruginous pubescent; male 2–20.5 cm. long, pedicels 0–2.5 mm. long; female mostly shorter, 2.5–5(–7) cm. long, pedicels 2–2.5 mm. long (in Flora area – 5–7 mm. in Natal).
    Male
    Male flowers:calyx-tube 1–2 mm. long, lobes triangular, 2–3 mm. long, velvety brown-pubescent outside; petals white or cream, obovate, the limb 2 mm. long and wide, scale bilobed, with a pair of simple or forked ligulate appendages; disk semicircular; stamens 8 with pilose filaments 7 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers:ovary 1.8 mm. long, ferruginous pubescent; style and stigma 3 mm. long. Male flowers:calyx-tube 1–2 mm. long, lobes triangular, 2–3 mm. long, velvety brown-pubescent outside; petals white or cream, obovate, the limb 2 mm. long and wide, scale bilobed, with a pair of simple or forked ligulate appendages; disk semicircular; stamens 8 with pilose filaments 7 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers:ovary 1.8 mm. long, ferruginous pubescent; style and stigma 3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit orange-yellow, with 1–3 mericarps developing, joined for up to 2/3 their length, each ellipsoid, compressed, 1.5–2 cm. long, 1.1–1.5 cm. wide, up to 1.1 cm. thick, sometimes only one developing then other 2 remaining at its base, ± 6 mm. long; pedicels ± 3 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown or dark, compressed ellipsoid, 1.2–1.8 cm. long, 0.8–1.3 cm. wide, up to 8 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Moist evergreen lowland forest and riverine forest; 0–500(–900) m. (see note)
    Distribution
    K7 T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Slender tree c. 15 m. tall or shrub; branchlets fulvous-tomentellous at first, soon glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves c. 5 cm. long; petiole up to 3 cm. long, glabrescent; leaflets 2–5-jugate; petiolules c. 3·5 mm. long; rhachis slightly ridged, glabrescent; leaflet-lamina up to 14 × 3·5 cm., narrowly oblong-elliptic, chartaceous, glabrous, with sparse bulbous glands on the reticulation of the under surface, apex rather gradually acuminate, margin entire, base narrowly to broadly cuneate; lateral nerves 10–13 pairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–10 cm. long, usually a racemoid thyrse.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, subsessile.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5, c. 4 mm. long, connate to halfway or further.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, 3 mm. long; lamina 1·5 × 1·5 mm., broadly triangular; claw 1·5 mm. long.
    Androecium
    Stamens 7–9; filaments 5 mm. long; staminodes shorter in female flowers.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–3-coccous; cocci 9–12 × 5–8 mm., ellipsoid, fulvous-tomentellous, ± glabrescent.
    Seeds
    Seed 10–11 × 5–7 mm., flattened-ellipsoid, glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Pancovia golungensis (Hiern) Exell & Mendonça appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1952 Welwitsch [4516], Angola K000426310
    Welwitsch [6681], Angola K000426308
    Welwitsch [6681b.], Angola K000426309

    First published in L.W.Carrisso, Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 85 (1954)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 422, fig. (1994).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 58 (1980).
    • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 525, t. 109 (1966) pro parte excl. spec. White 3729.
    • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 85 (1954).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0