Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. India.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Suddee, S. & Paton, A. 2009. A revision of Anisochilus Wall. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae). Kew Bulletin 64: 235. DOI:

Critically Endangered (Gopalan & Henry 2000).
India (Deccan Peninsula).
On exposed rocks, slopes, river sides; alt. 600 – 1800 m. Flowering February – June, fruiting May – October.
Morphology General Habit
Erect robust shrub, up to 3.5 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, opposite decussate, broadly ovate or orbicular-ovate, very large, 60 – 175 × 50 – 120 mm, apex acute or obtuse, base obtuse or rounded, margin crenate, fleshy, scabrous-pubescent to velvety tomentose above, densely velvety-tomentose and prominently reticulate beneath, red sessile glands present on both sides but denser beneath, lateral veins 8 – 12; petiole stout, up to 35 mm long, pubescent to densely tomentose, with red sessile glands. Inflorescence mostly terminal, rarely axillary, branched; spike-like head slender, interrupted or continuous, up to 200 mm long and 7 mm wide; bracts lanceolate, minute, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ovoid, 1 – 1.5 mm long at anthesis, densely pubescent; fruiting calyx 2.5 – 4 mm long; posterior lip oblong, erect or slightly decurved, shortly 3-toothed at apex, pubescent; anterior lip with 2 oblique lobes, reflexed; tube ventrally saccate around the middle, slightly constricted at throat, pubescent, with red sessile glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla light yellow, 4 – 7 mm long, upper lobes incurved, pubescent with sessile glands; tube ventrally slightly saccate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, oblong, 0.6 – 0.7 × 1 mm, pointed at apex
Morphology Stem
Stems round-quadrangular, rusty pubescent to tomentose, with prominent broad circular leaf scars and red sessile glands
The isotype at K, the description and the line drawings of Anisochilus henryi provided in the original publication (Ravikumar 1999) clearly match the type and collections of A. robustus held at K. The nutlet in the description and figure label is actually fruiting calyx, and the seeds are actually nutlets. Anisochilus henryi K. Ravik. & V. Lakshm. in Ravikumar (1999: 72, f. 7). Type: India, Tamil Nadu, Theni Distr., near Varaiyaatumottai peak, Venniar Estate, Pachakumatchi hills, 1800 m, 28 May 1989, Lakshmanan & Ravikumar 91078 (holotype CAL; isotype K!, MH), synon. nov.
India, Deccan Peninsula, Courtallum, Herb. Wight 625 [holotype K! (Ex Herb. Wight Propr.); isotype E].

Native to:


Coleus robustus (Hook.f.) A.J.Paton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2005 Wight, R. [625], India Anisochilus robustus K000674766 holotype
Lakshmanan, V. [91078], Tamil Nadu Anisochilus henryi K000674752 isotype

First published in PhytoKeys 129: 89 (2019)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.