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This species is accepted, and its native range is Sudan to Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Acaulescent herb; rhizome subterranean, whitish, 3–4 cm thick
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1–2 per plant, erect to slightly recurved, lanceolate, 65–110(–150) × (4–)5.5–13(–14) cm, 0.8–1.5(–2) cm thick, coriaceous, rigid, smooth but slightly rough, apex 0.3 cm long, semi-fleshy, sometimes broken off, narrowed below the middle into a stout concave petiole 9–12 cm long, margins reddish brown, 1 mm wide, hardened; variegated in juvenile with large elongated oval closely placed blotches or broad irregular transverse yellowish-green bands on a darker green on both surfaces but markings much faded on abaxial surface, more faded with age, slightly glaucous (especially during fast growth); basal scaly leaves up to 8(–10) cm from the base, purplish blue, elongated lanceolate, broadly strap-shaped, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a raceme 90–120(–130) cm long, axis 1.5–2.3 cm thick; clusters not in an apparent nodal arrangement, 4.5–6 cm apart, flowers 2–5 per cluster; lower inflorescence bracts 4–5, 4.5–6 cm apart, lanceolate, 5.5–9(–10.5) × 1.2 cm, acuminate, some with subulate apex 1–1.2 cm long, lower inflorescence bracts coloured like the leaves when young and broader, upper thinner and membraneous; bracteoles ovate-lanceolate, 0.5–0.9(–1.2) × 0.2–0.3(–0.5) cm, acuminate, membranous; pedicels 4–5(–7) mm long, jointed above the middle, persistent part 0.3–0.4 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower perianth (3.9–)4.5–5.5 cm long; tube greenish white, (1.9–)2.5–2.7 cm long, slightly glaucous, lobes white to grey green, linear, 2–2.5 cm long, obtuse, revolute; filaments 3.8–4.1 cm long, anthers greenish yellow, 0.3 cm long; style 5–5.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose orange berry
Distribution
Sudan, Zambia
Ecology
Dry bushland, woodland or dry forest, usually on rocky slopes or near termite hills; may be locally common; (0–)500–2050 m
Conservation
Least Concern
Note
The main distinguishing characters are: 1–2 flowers per cluster, longer flowers, to 4 cm at least; leaves 1–2 per plant , with banded adaxial surface, coriaceous; scaly leaves purplish blue; very long sheaths, to over 8 cm; rhizomes 3–4 cm thick.

[FTEA]
Use
Useful fibre

Native to:

Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

Dracaena raffillii (N.E.Br.) Byng & Christenh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 30, 1988 Bally, P.R.O. [B2477], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000203924
Dec 28, 1988 Eggeling, W.J. [E2046], Uganda Sansevieria raffillii K000203919
Dec 28, 1988 Eggeling, W.J. [E2046], Uganda Sansevieria raffillii K000203920
Apr 4, 1986 Kreulen, A.R. [394], Tanzania Sansevieria raffillii K000203917
Apr 4, 1986 Greenway, P.J. [10078], Tanzania Sansevieria raffillii K000203918
Apr 4, 1986 Bally, P.R.O. [B12314], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000203927
Apr 4, 1986 Greenway, P.J. [13600], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000203921
Apr 4, 1986 Bally, P.R.O. [B5], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000203922
Apr 4, 1986 Bally, P.R.O. [B12205], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000203926
Apr 4, 1986 Bally, P.R.O. [B5], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000203923
Apr 4, 1986 Bally, P.R.O. [B12205], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000203925
Nov 12, 1914 Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000255811
Powell [7], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000255808 Unknown type material
Powell [7], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000255809 Unknown type material
Powell [7], Kenya Sansevieria raffillii K000255810 Unknown type material

First published in Global Fl. 4: 66 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Eggli, U. (ed.) (2001). Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Monocotyledons: 1-354. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0