Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
Sansevieria aethiopica Thunb.

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Acaulescent rosulate herb; rhizome subterranean, 1.2 cm thick, with orange-grey roots
Morphology Leaves
Leaves erect to slightly recurved, half folded, 2 per plant, lanceolate, 25–32 × 0.8–1.2 cm, acute, subulate tip 0.3–0.5 cm long and slightly horny, margin bright brownish red, less than 1 mm wide, grey-green bands against dark green background on both surfaces, bright brownish red at base becoming grey-brown towards apex; sheathing base turns greyish green, smooth on both surfaces; basal scaly leaves 2, 1.9–2.6 × 2 cm, membranous, obtuse to acute, evident veins converging at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike-like raceme 54 cm long, axis 0.3–0.5 cm across; flowers 2–3 per cluster; lower inflorescence bracts 5, 5.5–6.5 cm apart, erect, greenish grey, 2–4.5 × 0.6 cm, acute, membranous; bracteoles greenish grey, 0.5–0.8 cm long, acute, membranous; pedicels 0.2–0.3 cm long, not articulated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower perianth 3.9–4.1 cm long, 0.2 cm wide; tube greyish purple to green, 1.8–2.1 cm long, narrowed above the ovary, lobes purplish green, 1.5–2 cm long; stamens 2–2.2 cm long, exserted beyond lobes, anthers 3.5 mm long; style 4–4.3 cm long, exserted beyond the stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a yellowish green berry, 0.5–1.2 cm in diameter.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

English
Bowstring hemp, Mother-in-law's tongue

Dracaena aethiopica (Thunb.) Byng & Christenh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 3, 2007 Heath, A. [714], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204336
Oct 17, 2002 Skarpe, C. [S350], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204115
Oct 17, 2002 Skarpe, C. [S350], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204116
Oct 17, 2002 Leach [253], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204113
Oct 17, 2002 Wild, H. [6923], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204114
Oct 17, 2002 Skarpe, C. [S219], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204117
Oct 17, 2002 Leach, L.C. [10692], Zimbabwe Sansevieria aethiopica K000204108
Oct 17, 2002 Biegel, H.M. [542], Zimbabwe Sansevieria aethiopica K000204109
Oct 17, 2002 Wild, H. [5616], Zimbabwe Sansevieria aethiopica K000204110
Mar 15, 2002 Codd, L.E. [8022], Zambia Sansevieria aethiopica K000204151
Mar 15, 2002 Brown [6081], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204111
Mar 15, 2002 Leach [64], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204112
Mar 15, 2002 Smith, P.A. [88], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204118
Oct 2, 2001 Story, R. [4951], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204232
Allen [654], Zimbabwe Sansevieria aethiopica K000204070
Junod, H.A. [1212], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204194
Leendertz, R. [2354], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204195
Baines [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204205
[O.B.S] [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204214
Burke [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204217
Bolus [720], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204219
Cooper, T. [3267], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204220
Burchell, W.J. [4420], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204222
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria aethiopica K000204223
Mogg [29067], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204228
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria aethiopica K000204230
Codd, L.E. [5555], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204199
Biegel, H. [3855], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204072
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria aethiopica K000204231
Cecil, E. [103], Zimbabwe Sansevieria aethiopica K000204071
Ngoni, J.F. [333], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204074
Miller, O.B. [2524], Zimbabwe Sansevieria aethiopica K000204069
Smith, P.A. [2514], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204076
Story, R. [3828], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204229
Barnard, W.G. [99], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204196
Cooper, T. [3268], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204221
Leistner, O.A. [2000], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204227
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria aethiopica K000204225
Burchell, W.J. [1824], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204215
Pearson, H.H.W. [8016], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204208
Pole Evans [4272], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204210
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204197
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204216
Hansen, O.J. [31117], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204073
Harbor, C.C. [s.n.], Botswana Sansevieria aethiopica K000204075
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204206
Gerstner, J. [5567], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204204
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria aethiopica K000204218
Verdoorn [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204213
Forsyth [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204226
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204207
Bruce [34], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204200
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria aethiopica K000204224
Pole Evans, I.B. [H.16927], South Africa Sansevieria aethiopica K000204198
de Winter, B. [4016], South Africa Sansevieria scabrifolia K000204257
de Winter, B. [3752], South Africa Sansevieria scabrifolia K000204256

First published in Global Fl. 4: 64 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Eggli, U. (ed.) (2001). Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Monocotyledons: 1-354. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/