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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa to SW. Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Plant without aerial stem
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3(–4), ± erect, rigid, up to at least 60 x 7.5 cm, sometimes rough with transverse ridges on both sides or below only, flat, lanceolate, with a hard brown spine-like tip, tapering below into a petiole-like base, often variegated; margins with hardened reddish-brown edges
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike-like raceme, up to 75 cm or more high including peduncle; flowers 4–5 in a cluster, whitish; pedicels 3–8 mm long, articulated at the middle or near the top
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Free parts of tepals c. 10 mm long, linear, obtuse; tube c. 15 mm long.
Distribution
N1, 2; C1; S1–3 and perhaps further south; Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Arabia
Ecology
Altitude range 40–1550 m.

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Acaulescent herb; rhizomes ± 20 mm thick
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, erect to subrigid, (2–)3–6(–8) per plant, lanceolate, 65 × (5–)6.5–7.5 cm, acute with a hardened apical tip 0.2 cm long (dried up in some specimens), margins 1–2 mm wide, sinuate, with 2 orange to brown stripes alongside very narrow grey-white membrane along the margin, rough on adaxial surface but smooth on abaxial surface, flat in the middle to U-shaped in transverse section at base, firm or sub-rigid; obscure or no bands on either surfaces; petiole rudimentary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal or subterminal compact spike-like raceme, (65–)71–76 cm long with 6–7 clusters 1.6–2 cm apart, axis 3–5 mm wide; flowers (4–)5–6(–7) per cluster or fewer towards the apex; lower inflorescence bracts 3–4(–5), 3.5–7 cm long, membranous, acute, with distinct veins; bracteoles greyish brown-white, 1–1.3 × 0.3–0.4 cm, oblanceolate, membranous, acute; pedicels in mature flowers creamy-white, 6.4–9.2 mm long, persistent part 2–4 mm long, jointed at the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower perianth dark grey-white, 2.6–3.2(–4) cm long, 0.2–0.4 cm wide; tube 2–2.2 cm long, lobes 1.6–1.9 cm long; filaments as long as the lobes, anthers 2.5 × 0.5 mm; style longer than stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry, 7–10 × 6–12 mm, 1(–3)-seeded
Distribution
Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Yemen
Ecology
Dry or evergreen bushland, grassland; 100–1700 m
Conservation
Least concern
Note
A very widespread species, which produces more fruits per inflorescence than any other. Easily confused with {i}S. raffillii{/i}, but distinguished by having more leaves per plant with a rough adaxial surface, more flowers per cluster, and longer bracts.

[FTEA]
Use
Leaf fibre used for string

Doubtfully present in:

Central African Repu

Native to:

Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Mauritius

Dracaena forskaliana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Byng & Christenh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Friis, I. [4634], Somalia Sansevieria forskaliana K000203306
Wickens, G.E. [1946], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica 31012.000
Ash [1717], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica 35607.000
Ash [1562], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica 35853.000
Schimper [1468], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000255795 Unknown type material
Simpson, N.D. [7128], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica K000203286
Simpson, N.D. [7789], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica K000203289
Wickens, G.E. [3112], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica K000203290
Gillett, J.B. [13718], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203835
Westphal, E. [3205], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203298
Friis, I. [2528], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203295
Andrews, F.W. [850], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica K000203291
Bally, P.R.O. [11116], Somalia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203303
Simpson, N.D. [7166], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica K000203287
Gillett, J.B. [13718], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203833
Grenfell, A.P. [2], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203839
Wickens, G.E. [1548], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica K000203304
Bally, P.R.O. [11116], Somalia Sansevieria abyssinica K000204163
Ash, J. [1717], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203296
Burger, Wm. [666], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203297
Bally, P.R.O. [11116], Somalia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203302
Gillett, J.B. [13718], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203834
Ash, J. [1562], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203293
Simpson, N.D. [7789], Sudan Sansevieria abyssinica K000203288
Ash, J. [1562], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203292
Gillett, J.B. [13718], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203837
Robertson, S.A. [5363], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203840
Grenfell, A.P. [12], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203838
Gillett, J.B. [4041], Somalia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203300
Gillett, J.B. [4041], Somalia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203299
Strecker, J.E. [s.n.], Ethiopia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203294
Bally, P.R.O. [11751], Somalia Sansevieria abyssinica K000203301
Gillett, J.B. [13718], Kenya Sansevieria abyssinica K000203836

First published in Global Fl. 4: 65 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0