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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous, procumbent and slightly ascending to spreading (trailing in cultivation); stem absent or up to 30(–90) cm long, 0.6–1(–1.7) cm in diameter, usually 1(–2) branches per plant, sheathed, procumbent to ascending, aerial branching and rooting, rhizome covered with ovate acute spine-pointed tough scaly leaves, the upper turning into leaves, 1–2.5(–4.5) cm long, when dry grey-brown with white membranous margins
Morphology Leaves
Leaves closely packed, rosulate, ascending to recurved, (6–)8–12 per plant, inner or fully developed leaves concave near base, cylindric above, 25–75 × 0.6–1.3 cm thick at the top of the sheath, spiral, straight, curved or slightly sinuous, firmly flexible, not rigid, smooth to rough, the outer of each tuft much shorter than the inner, concave down the face, very rounded on the back; sheathing, and concave-channelled for 5–13 cm at the base, gradually tapering to a very acute spine-like brown or whitish point 0.2–0.6 cm long, at first without grooves or channels, becoming faintly to deeply grooved on the oldest or shrivelled leaves, deep green bands on the young leaves and with some slightly darker continuous or interrupted longitudinal lines; margins of the basal sheaths with membranous white edges
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lax spike-like raceme 15–30(–60) cm long, axis light green, 2–4 cm in diameter; flowers 2 per cluster, ascending; lower inflorescence bracts 2–3, 2–4 cm long, membranous, tapering to an acute point on the lower half or twothirds; bracteoles membranous, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 0.2–0.3 cm long, acute, spreading; pedicels 0.1–0.2 cm long, with the persistent part usually formed by the tapering base of the flower-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower white; perianth 2–3(–3.7) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose berry
Figures
Fig. 2, p. 24.

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

Dracaena serpenta Byng & Christenh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 27, 1994 Gilbert, M.G. [263], Ethiopia Sansevieria gracilis K000203254
Sep 29, 1993 Gilbert, M.G. [14], Ethiopia Sansevieria gracilis K000203253
Dec 30, 1988 Bally, P.R.O. [13152], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203386
Dec 30, 1988 Burtt, B.D. [6254], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203405
Dec 30, 1988 Thomas, A.S. [TH3182], Uganda Sansevieria gracilis K000203385
Dec 30, 1988 Bally, P.R.O. [B5409], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203384
Dec 30, 1988 Richards, H.M. [26378], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203406
Dec 30, 1988 Mathew, B.F. [6086], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203400
Dec 27, 1988 Archbold, M.E. [1770], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203398
Dec 27, 1988 Archbold, M.E. [3021], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203403
Dec 27, 1988 Leippert, H. [5962], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203401
Dec 27, 1988 Bjørnstad, A. [AB527], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203404
Dec 27, 1988 Kreulen, A. [309], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203402
Dec 27, 1988 Bjørnstad, A. [495], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203399
Apr 4, 1986 Gillett, J.B. [13648], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203383
Apr 4, 1986 Bally, P.R.O. [1670], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203388
Apr 4, 1986 Adamson, J. [412], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203392
Apr 4, 1986 Drummond, R.B. [3722], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203397
Apr 4, 1986 Faukner, H. [1500], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203394
Apr 4, 1986 Gillett, J.B. [13648], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000204300
Apr 4, 1986 Drummond, R.B. [3722], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203396
Apr 4, 1986 Gillett, J.B. [13648], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203382
Apr 2, 1986 Gilbert, M.G. [5054], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203387
Feb 10, 1977 Bally, P.R.O. [7518], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203389
Feb 10, 1977 Polhill, R. [12312], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203391
Feb 10, 1977 Faden, R.B. [67/829], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203381
Feb 10, 1977 Polhill, R. [12312], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203390
Drummond, R.B. [3722], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis 22396.000
Gillett, J.B. [13648], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis 24248.000
Richards, H.M., Zambia Sansevieria gracilis 29047.010
Richard, H.M. [6389], Zambia Sansevieria gracilis 29047.019
Powell [11], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000255773 Unknown type material
Robertson, S.A. [5445], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203376
Busse, W. [299], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203380
Mbago, F.M. [FMM215?], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203407
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria gracilis K000203379
s.coll. [The Imperial Institute, S.W.6], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203378
Brandham, P. [1663], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203393
Luke, Q. [TPR697], Kenya Sansevieria gracilis K000203377
Abdallah, R.D. [3627], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203375
Archbold, M.E. [877], Tanzania Sansevieria gracilis K000203395

First published in Global Fl. 4: 66 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Eggli, U. (ed.) (2001). Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Monocotyledons: 1-354. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0