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This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

General Description
STEM: erect, decumbent or spreading, branching near base, 0.6-3 m tall or more, up to 4.5 cm diam., forming extensive shoot system in larger plants; adventitious roots numerous, spreading widely in all directions, light rusty brown and smooth when young, soon becoming corky, rugose and eventually silvery-grey with age, 0.5-1.3 cm diam., internodes 0.5-1 mm long; prophyll scars 0.5-7 mm long, becoming pale silvery grey almost immediately after prophyll abscission, paler than true internodes; intravaginal squamules minute, 0.5-1 mm long, 0.4-0.8 mm broad, triangular or dentate or erose, only visible on newly exposed internodes, not persistent; foliage leaf scars 1-2 cm long, 2 5-3 cm wide, transverse-ovate-elliptic, pale grey. LEAF: prophyll about 16 cm long, 3.7 cm diam. at base; petiole (20-)36-44 (-58) cm long, 0.7 cm diam. at apex, sulcate adaxially with sharply angled margins, sometimes convex or flattened, rounded abaxially, light somewhat glaucous green, sheath (1-)2.2 -9 cm long; leaf blade pinnatifid, ± pendent from suberect to spreading petioles, broadly cordiform-sagittate in outline, overall length (32-)35-50 cm, overall width (23-)31-38 cm, upper surface dark green and usually strongly bluish-glaucous, lower surface paler, dull and less strongly glaucous; anterior division (20-)21.5-26.5 cm long, 30-38 cm wide, apical lobe subtriangular, usually oblique, acute to obtuse, cuspidate, primary lateral lobes 3-4(-5) per side, basal primary lateral lobes (3.5-)5-13 cm long, 3.5-6.3(-7.5) cm wide, becoming shorter towards apex of division, usually oblong, sometimes triangular or oblanceolate, rarely short and broadly triangular, with obtuse, rounded, or ± emarginate tips, rarely subtruncate or deeply notched, lobe margins entire, occasionally repand, main sinuses penetrating progressively less deeply towards base of division, primary lateral veins 3-4(-5) per side, arising at an angle of 20-90(-100°) to midrib, yellowish green on upper surface, cream yellow on lower surface; posterior divisions 11-20 cm long, 0.3-0.48 x overall blade length, (11 -)12.5 - 18 cm wide, denuded proximally on basiscopic side for (2.5 -)2.8-4.5 cm, primary acroscopic lobes 1 -2(-3), primary basiscopic lobes (1-)2-3, normally weak, short. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle 6-8.5 cm long, 2.1-2.4 cm diam. at apex, dull glaucous green; spathe 9-16 cm long, 3.2-4. cm diam, in middle, decurrent for 1-3.3 cm, outer surface dull, pale to mid-green, glaucous, margins whitish, inner surface ± glossy, yellowish-white; spadix 10.5-14.3 cm long overall, fertile male zone 3.5-4.7 cm long, 1.5-2 .2 cm diam., cream to white, sterile male zone 4-6 cm long, 1.8-2.6 cm diam., thicker and longer than male zone, cream to white, female zone 1.5-3.2 cm long, 1.4-2.3 cm diam., tapering upwards. FLOWERS: stamens 4.5-5.2 mm long, 0.5-0.9 mm diam. at apex; staminodes 5.3-7.6 mm long, 0.8-2 mm diam. at apex, prismatic and truncate towards apex of zone, terete and rounded apically towards base of zone; gynoecium 3.5-5.7 mm long, ovary 1.6-2.7 mm diam., cylindric, locules 6-11, ovules 2-4 per locule, inserted on locule axis one above the other from base to above middle, evenly spread,style body slightly narrower than ovary or style crown, axial region around stylar canals densely filled with raphide cells, compitum strongly ridged, not penetrating ovary, style crown deeply lobed, style lobes ± erect, densely tanniniferous, central dome lacking or very weakly developed, stigma 2.2-2.9(-3.5) mm diam., ± lacking on dorsal side of style lobes, contiguous with adjacent stigmas, translucent pale yellow at anthesis, tannin hairs lacking. INFRUCTESCENCE: berry many-seeded, 1 cm long, 0.5-0.6 cm diam., cylindric; seed 2.5-4.5 mm long, 1.4-2.4 mm diam., oblong-ovoid, sometimes galled, testa sarcotestate surrounding inner body and containing oily droplets, raphide cells numerous in inner integument.
Distribution
Brazil (Bahia).
Habitat
Terrestrial on exposed conglomerate sandstone outcrops.

[CATE]
Use
The local inhabitants of this former diamond-mining district use the roots, when hollowed out, for storing diamonds. Only a single plant was known in the neighbourhood and possibly the São Inácio plant represents a last remnant of a more extensive range during earlier more mesic conditions (see section 10).

Native to:

Brazil Northeast

Thaumatophyllum saxicola (K.Krause) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1990 Mattos Silva, L.A [2794], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303379
Apr 1, 1987 Stannard, B. [CFCR7334], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303390
Apr 1, 1987 Lewis, G.P. [CFCR7028], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303389
May 1, 1986 Hatschbach, G. [47918], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303388
May 1, 1986 Pirani, J.R. [CFCR1626], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303385
May 1, 1986 Mori, S.A. [12648], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303377
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [16004], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303378
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [16004], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303375
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19038A], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303373
May 1, 1986 Ule, E. [7568], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303380 holotype
May 1, 1986 Ule, E. [7568], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303381 isotype
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [18593], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303392
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [16004], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303374
May 1, 1986 Pirani, J.R. [CFCR1626], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303383
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [18593], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303391
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [18593], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303394
May 1, 1986 Mori, S.A. [12648], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303376
May 1, 1986 Pirani, J.R. [CFCR1626], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303384
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [18593], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303393
Nov 1, 1981 Harley, R.M. [22404], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303382
Nov 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [16004], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303386
Nov 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [16004], Bahia Philodendron saxicola K000303387
Brazil Philodendron saxicola 29047.615
Brazil Philodendron saxicola 29047.617
Brazil Philodendron saxicola 50262.000
Brazil Philodendron saxicola 50263.000
Mori et al [12648], Brazil Philodendron saxicola 58045.000
CFCR [1626], Brazil Philodendron saxicola 58067.000
Mayo [853], Brazil Philodendron saxicola 58098.000
Mayo [853], Brazil Philodendron saxicola 58110.000
Mayo [853], Brazil Philodendron saxicola 59000.000
Mayo [853], Brazil Philodendron saxicola 59002.000

First published in PhytoKeys 98: 63 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0