1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Philodendron Schott
      1. Species: Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Schott
        1. Philodendron hederaceum var. hederaceum

        This variety is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    It occurs principally in Tropical moist forest but ranges into Premontane wet forest and even Tropical wet forest. A single sterile preadult collection from Tropical wet forest transition to Premontane wet forest in Bajo Calima (Bay 237) is apparently also this species.
    Phenology
    Flowering in Philodendron hederaceum var. hederaceum is rare (known only in October and November) although the species has been found in pre-anthesis condition in every month of the year. Post-anthesis collections predominate in the dry season and earliest part of the rainy season from December through May but there are a suprisingly large number of post-anthesis collections made in November, a month when very little flowering generally takes place (Croat, 1975, 1978). Mature fruiting collections have been made from April and May, also indicating that the species may flower predominently in the dry season.
    General Description
    Hemiepiphyte; internodes 10--25 cm long, 1--2.5(3.5) cm diam., weakly flattened on one side, medium green, minutely speckled to striate or smooth when fresh but drying minutely ridged, greenish; cataphylls 6--10 cm long, unribbed, weakly 1-ribbed or bluntly to sharply 2-ribbed, deciduous intact; LEAVES: petioles (6)10--27(33) cm long, 6--10 mm diam.; blades (11)16--40(50) cm long, 8--24(34) cm wide; upper surface medium to dark green, velvety when juvenile, drying brown to greenish brown, lower surface medium green, glossy, drying gray-green to yellow-green; primary lateral veins 2--6 per side, departing midrib at a 35--55º angle. INFLORESCENCES with peduncle (2)4--16 cm long; spathe 9--17(20 cm long, spathe usually green, sometimes yellowish white, spathe blade sometimes tinged purple outside; spathe tube dark, sometimes tinged reddish maroon outside; spadix stipitate to 5 mm, 12--18 cm long; ovary 4--6-locular, 20--25 ovules per locule. INFRUCTESCENCES with many seeds per locule.
    Distribution
    The range of P. hederaceum var. hederaceum is essentially that of the species. It is the most widespread taxon of Philodendron and, indeed, perhaps of all neotropical Araceae, ranging from San Luis Potosí State in Mexico to the Greater and Lesser Antilles, and down both slopes of the Andes, east to the Guianas and south to Brazil and Bolivia. In Central America, the variety occurs on both slopes of the Continental Divide.

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    French Guiana, Guyana

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Seychelles

    Philodendron hederaceum var. hederaceum appears in other Kew resources:

    Accepted by

    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão, n.s., 28: 41-87.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Funez, L.A. & al. (2017). Fifty-five new records of vascular plants, and other discoveries for the flora of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 221-275.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão, n.s., 28: 41-87.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0