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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. India, Sri Lanka.
Dracaena zeylanica


Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Rosulate herb; rhizome subterranean or on surface, greyish brown, 0.5–1 cm thick; stem 3.1 cm long, 0.8 cm in diameter, probably not always evident above the ground
Morphology Leaves
Leaves erect to suberect, ascending-spreading, 5–9(–15), linear-lanceolate, 17.5–50(–55) × 1.3–2.5(–3.8) cm, 0.3–0.4 cm thick, smooth, channel on inner surface deepest at base to flat at apex, subulate tip, 1.7–5(–6) cm long, green, horny, faintly banded on both surfaces but obliterated on maturity, with 5–7 longitudinal shallow furrows on the back, margins green but whitish with age or injury; petiole 5–15 cm long, but no distinct point of petiole emerging
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike-like raceme ± 38 cm long, axes greenish or light yellow, 0.2–0.3 cm across, flowers scattered along the apical 10–12 cm only, 1–2 per cluster, erect to suberect; lower inflorescence bracts 3, greenish-light brown, lanceolate to filiform, 1–13.5 cm long, 5–10 cm apart; bracteoles 0.3–0.5 cm long, membranous, acute, subtending each flower; pedicels 0.2–0.4 cm long, very thin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greyish green, 1.3–1.9 cm long; tube 0.5–0.8 cm long, lobes 0.8–1.1 cm long, fully backward rolled when fully open; filaments 1.1–1.3 cm long, anthers 0.2 cm long; style 2–2.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose berry
Not known elsewhere
Lake banks of volcanic tuff; ± 1420 m
Data deficient (DD)
The inflorescence is described here for the first time. A species that resembles {i}S. parva {/i}but differs in having no bands at all, a very long petiole, an acute extended subulate leaf-tip with a hardened apex, larger leaf size and very long narrow lower inflorescence bracts on the inflorescence. This species differs from {i}S. zeylanica {/i}in having a long leaf-tip, no leaf bands and long lanceolate to filiform lower inflorescence bracts.

No data

Doubtfully present in:

Myanmar, Thailand

Native to:

India, Sri Lanka

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Leeward Is., Mauritius

Dracaena zeylanica (L.) Mabb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Coode, M.J.E. [4427], Mauritius Sansevieria zeylanica K000204180
Coode, M.J.E. [4427], Mauritius Sansevieria zeylanica K000204179
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria grandicuspis K000204289
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria grandicuspis K000204288

First published in Mabberley's Pl.-Book, ed. 4: 1101 (2017)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Science Photographs
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