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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.
Dracaena hyacinthoides

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cáñamo de África, culebrilla, curarina, mapaná

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Acaulescent herb, 60 cm long; rhizome subterranean, whitish to green, 2.5–3.8 cm thick
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ascending or ascending-spreading, (3–)4–5, elliptic, stiffly coriaceous, oblong or broadly lanceolate, 30–60(–90) × 8.8–15 (–17) cm, 2–3 mm thick at the middle, flat, narrowed and convolute at base, slightly rough, acute, subulate tip 0.4–0.6 cm long, margins 0.1 cm wide, slightly wavy, hardened, narrow membranous edges when young soon disappearing, dull glaucous-green to somewhat bluish green, transverse bars irregular lighter green on both surfaces but more conspicuous on lower surface; slightly petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 41–60 cm high, axis 0.8–1 cm thick near base, upper two-thirds a compact spike-like raceme; lower inflorescence bracts 4–5, ovate, 1.3–1.9 × 1.3–1.9 cm, obtuse, distant, membranous; bracteoles membranous, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 0.3–0.6 cm long, acute; pedicels 0.2–0.4 cm long, jointed at apex, with scarcely any deciduous part
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white to grey-white; tube 1.2–1.6(–1.9) cm long, rounded at base, lobes linear, 1.5–1.9 cm long, obtuse, revolute; filaments 1.6–1.8 cm long, anthers 0.3 cm long; style 3.6–4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose berry; brownish yellow on ripening.
Distribution
Zimbabwe, South Africa
Ecology
Dry bushland or riverine forest; 50–600 m
Conservation
Least concern
Note
This species differs from {i}S. hyacinthoides {/i}by its wider leaves, shorter flowers, slightly wavy leaf margins, dull glaucous and dark green-blue colour. It may also be taken for {i}S. conspicua{/i}, but its crowded inflorescence, slightly rough undersurface and shorter pedicels help to distinguish it. Common name: “pendulous {i}Sansevieria{/i}”, because of its growth form in cultivation. Our material belongs to var. {i}grandis{/i}.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Acaulescent perennials forming large colonies; rhizome subterranean, 1.2–2.5 cm thick
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, 2–8, lanceolate to broadly linear, 60–85 × 4–8 mm, flat to somewhat incurved, smooth to slightly rough, subulate tip 0.5 cm long, acute, hard but not horny, margin bright red, entire, 1 mm wide, with a pale membranous edge easily peeling off, with irregular, paler horizontal areas, conspicuous banding may fade with age; keeled towards the base, petiole 20–25 cm long; basal scaly leaves 2–3, 8–12 × 4–6 cm, membranous, apex slightly obtuse, with distinct veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an erect raceme, 65–70(–75) cm long, axis 0.4–0.6 cm wide; flowers 4–5(–7) per cluster, 2–2.5 cm apart, subtended by 0.4–0.5 cm long membranous bracteoles; pedicels 0.4–0.7(–0.9) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower perianth (26–)30–40(–65) mm long; tube 14–20 mm long, lobes cream to pale mauve, 16–20 mm long; filaments ± 2 cm long, thin, anthers yellow, 0.3–0.4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit orange or yellow, globose, shortly stipitate; seeds globose, ± 8 mm in diameter, the epidermis thick.
Distribution
Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa
Ecology
no EA data, elsewhere growing in dry bushland or wooded grassland
Conservation
Least concern

[FTEA]
Use
No data

[FTEA]
Use
No data

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Cambodia, Cayman Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam, Windward Is.

Dracaena hyacinthoides (L.) Mabb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Codd, L.E. [4908], South Africa Sansevieria angustiflora K000204237
Wood, J.M. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria angustiflora K000204235
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria angustiflora K000204236
Dec 28, 1988 Bally, P.R.O. [B8271], Kenya Sansevieria grandis K000203916
Bally, P.R.O. [B.8271], Kenya Sansevieria grandis 23524.000
Sansevieria grandis K000255865
South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255864 Unknown type material
Unknown from label. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255863 Unknown type material
R.B.S? [129.96], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255860 Unknown type material
R.B.S? [129.96], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255862 Unknown type material
Unknown from label. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255861 Unknown type material
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria grandis K000204290
Steudner [475], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255756 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [1270], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255758 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [1609], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255757 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [1763], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255759 Unknown type material
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria guineensis K000204292
Strey, R.G. [8258], South Africa Sansevieria guineensis K000204260
Ross, J.H. [1909], South Africa Sansevieria guineensis K000204261
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria guineensis K000204291
Moll [3729], South Africa Sansevieria guineensis K000204259
Bullock, C. [45752], Zimbabwe Sansevieria thyrsiflora 24253.000
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204238
Story, R. [3832], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204240
Zeyher [612], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204244
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204239
v.d. Schyff, H.P. [1694], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204248
Baur, R. [1099], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204245
Codd, L.E. [5369], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204241
Drège [8613], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204247
Cooper, T. [3269], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204243
[Pullars] [s.n.] Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204246
Drège [8613], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204242
Codd, L.E. [5134], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204249
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria latifolia K000204295
Oct 17, 2002 Leach, L.C. [12265], Mozambique Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204132
Oct 17, 2002 Wild, H. [1650], Zimbabwe Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204156
Oct 17, 2002 Pope, G. [2], Mozambique Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204134
Oct 16, 2002 Chase, N.E. [7956], Zimbabwe Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204086
Mar 15, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [8991], Malawi Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204087
Mar 15, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [11456], Malawi Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204137
Jul 1, 1980 Fendler, A. [851], Trinidad & Tobago Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204275
Jul 1, 1980 Simmonds [Herb. Trin. No.14933], Trinidad & Tobago Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204276
Jansen, P.C.M. [PJ7665], Mozambique Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204119
Philcox, D. [8083], Trinidad & Tobago Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204268

First published in Mabberley's Pl.-Book, ed. 4: 1101 (2017)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 1-848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Fournet, J. (2002). Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique 2: 1325-2538. Gondwana editions.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(2): 603-1176. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Leon, H. (1946). Flora de Cuba 1: 1-441. Cultural S. A., La Habana.
  • Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis ed. 2: 1-382. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Proctor, G.R. (1984). Flora of the Cayman Islands: 1-834. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Williams, R.O. (1983). Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 3(3): 201-277. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
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