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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Central & E. U.S.A. to N. Argentina. It is used for food.
Cyperus hortensis

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
botoncillo, espadilla, fósforo

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 5 - 3000 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: North America, “in Shavanensium regione, ad amnem Scioto”, Michaux s.n. (PMichaux, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Short-lived plant or annual, 8–47 cm tall, with a slender rootsystem, the whole plant sweet-scented.
Morphology Culms
Culms rather densely tufted, 8–45 cm long, 0.7–1.2 mm wide, trigonous, ridged, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blade linear, flat or channeled near midrib, 7–25 cm long, 2–3.2 mm wide, scabrid on midrib and margins Leaf sheath reddish or purple, more upper ones green, 1–9 cm long, the lower ones covering the base of the culm and bladeless. Leaves up to 20 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like, erect to spreading, 3–5, lowermost 4–14 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an irregular greenish head consisting of a central ovoid spike, 5–8 mm long, 4–6 mm wide, and 1–2(?3) smaller lateral spikes, with spikelets on narrow receptacle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets narrowly ovoid, 2–2.5 mm long, 0.6–0.9 mm wide, 1-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes pale brown to transparent, narrowly ovate, 1.5–2.5 mm long, keel green and ± winged, sometimes with many minute reddish dots, with 2–4 veins on either side, keel with a few minute teeth, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments to 1.8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet pale to dark brown, ellipsoid, flattened, 1–1.2 mm long, 0.6–0.7 mm wide, minutely papillose; endosperm liquid.
Ecology
Stream-sides, ditches, boggy hollows, sandy river-beds or sandbanks; 250–1500(–2000) m
Conservation
Least concern (LC) due to wide distribution
Distribution
Range: Pantropical Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K1 K4 K5 T2 T3 T4, T6 T8

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 3000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Caespitose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Numerous, small, green and white, 3–4 spiked, pyramidal heads
Ecology
On margins of streams, rivers and swamps and similar moist places.

[UPB]
Use Food
Food (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bangladesh

Cyperus hortensis (Salzm. ex Steud.) Dorr appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 1982 Hage, J.L. [732], Bahia Kyllinga pumila K000189170
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [16935], Bahia Kyllinga pumila K000189169
Schweinfurth, G. [3405] Kyllinga pumila K000416291
Kotschy [416], Sudan Kyllinga pumila K000416292 Unknown type material
Whyte [s.n.], Malawi Kyllinga pumila K000416294
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia Kyllinga pumila K000189166
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia Kyllinga pumila K000189167
Sellow, F. [s.n.], Brazil Kyllinga pumila K000189928 isotype
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia Kyllinga pumila K000189168
Kotschy [416], Sudan Kyllinga pumila K000416293
May 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [101], Cameroon Cyperus densicaespitosus K000050650
Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [321], Cameroon Cyperus densicaespitosus K000580339
May 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8726], Cameroon Cyperus densicaespitosus K000683610

First published in Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 100: 62 (2014)

Accepted by

  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0