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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Brazil.


Harley, R.M. 2015. Physominthe (Hyptidineae, Lamiaceae), endemic to Brazil, with a new species, P. longicaulis, from Bahia. Kew Bulletin 70: 1. DOI

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, subshrubs or herbs, weakly aromatic. Stems virgate, erect, upper internodes glabrous, pruinose, usually fistulose and inflated (strongly so in P vitifolia), nodes and lower stems often with long, rigid setose hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lobed or unlobed, toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very shortly pedicellate, small, subtended by reduced, linear, inconspicuous bracteoles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± actinomorphic, turbinate at anthesis, becoming campanulate to tubular in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style deciduous with base overtopped by ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodium absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets weakly trigonous and flattened, irregularly ribbed, mucilaginous when wet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence branched with elongate branches, thyrsoid, lax, formed of pedunculate, subumbellate, few-flowered cymes, 3- to 9-flowered, from the axils of minute, subulate bracts
Morphology Stem
Details of possible function of stem swellings have been published elsewhere (Harley 1991)
Similar, in its virgate habit with upper internodes inflated, glabrous and pruinose, to Hypenia, in which it was formerly included, and some species of Eriope, and differing from all species of both these genera in possessing flowers in pedunculate few-flowered cymes and lacking a pair of minute bracteoles at base of calyx. Chromosome numbers 2n = 22, 28 (2n = 20 in Eriope and 2n = 20, 12 in Hypenia). See Harley & Heywood (1992). The genus is endemic to eastern and north-eastern Brazil, and composed of two species restricted to upland cerrado, carrasco and caatinga areas, usually overlying sand, in Bahia, Minas Gerais, Goiás and São Paulo.

Native to:

Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central

Physominthe Harley & J.F.B.Pastore appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Phytotaxa 58: 35 (2012)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


Kew Bulletin

  • Atkinson, R. (1998). A taxonomic revision of Hypenia (Mart. ex Benth.) Harley (Labiatae). Unpubl. Ph.D. Diss. University of St. Andrews.
  • Bentham, G. (1833). Labiatarum genera et species, pp. 62 – 145. Ridgeway & Sons, London.
  • Briquet, J. (1894). FragmentamonographiaeLabiatarum III. Sur un singulierHyptisbrésilien. Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 716.
  • De Candolle, A. P. (ed.) (1848). Prodromussystematisnaturalisregnivegetabilis, Vol. 12: 83 – 138. Masson, Paris.
  • Epling, C. (1949). Revisión del géneroHyptis (Labiatae). Revista Mus. La Plata Secc. Bot. 7: 217 – 238.
  • Harley & J. F. B. Pastore 2012: 35
  • Harley, R. M. & Heywood, C. A. (1992). Chromosome Numbers in Tropical American Labiatae. In: R. M. Harley & T. Reynolds (eds), Advances in Labiatae Science: 211 – 246. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Harley, R. M. & Pastore, J. F. B. (2012). A generic revision and new combinations in the Hyptidinae (Lamiaceae), based on molecular and morphological evidence. Phytotaxa 58: 1 – 55.
  • Harley, R. M. (1988). Revision of generic limits in Hyptis Jacq. (Labiatae) and its allies. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 98: 91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Harley, R. M. (1991). The Greasy Pole Syndrome. In: C. R. Huxley & D. Cutler (eds), Ant-Plant Interactions pp. 430 – 433. Oxford University Press.
  • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland & Cambridge.
  • Kuntze, O. (1891). Revisio Genera Plantarum 2. A. Felix, Leipzig.
  • Pastore, J. F. B., Harley, R. M., Forrest, F., Paton, A. J. & van den Berg, C. (2011). Phylogeny of the subtribe Hyptidinae (Lamiaceae tribe Ocimeae) as inferred from nuclear and plastid DNA. Taxon 60: 1317 – 1329.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.