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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rootstock evident. Culms 30-200 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 2-17 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; curved; 5-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with lateral stumps on axis. Panicle axis terete; pubescent; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2-5 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; oblong; 6-12 mm long; base obtuse; base pilose. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; with an outer whorl of thinner bristles; inner bristles subequal to outer; terete; flexible; ciliate. Pedicels 1-3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.5-7.5 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes membranous; 1-6 mm long; acuminate. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; exserted from glumes. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.5-7.5 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes membranous; 1-6 mm long; acuminate. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; exserted from glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume ovate; 0.25 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; 0-1 -veined; without lateral veins; obtuse. Fertile lemma ovate; 4.5-7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat; ciliolate. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long; anther tip smooth. Styles connate below.
Distribution
Africa: northeast tropical and east tropical.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial with stout rootstock; culms 30–200 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades up to 40 cm. long, 2–17 mm. wide, with a filiform tip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle linear, 5–25 cm. long; rhachis cylindrical with short peduncle-stumps, puberulous to pubescent; involucre enclosing 3–6 spikelets, one of them hermaphrodite the rest ♂, all raised upon pedicels 1–3 mm. long; bristles, or at least the inner, loosely ciliate, subequal, 6–12 mm. long.
sex Male
Male spikelets lanceolate, laterally compressed, 3.5–7.5 mm. long; lower glume linear, up to 1.5 mm. long; upper glume 1/2–3/4 as long as the spikelet, acuminate; lower lemma almost as long as the spikelet (rarely only 1/2 as long), barren, membranous, acute; upper lemma similar to the lower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Bisexual spikelet narrowly lanceolate, dorsally compressed, 4.5–7 mm. long; lower glume tiny or suppressed; upper glume and lower lemma ovate, the former 1/4, the latter 1/3–1/2 as long as the spikelet; upper lemma subcoriaceous, acuminate. Male spikelets lanceolate, laterally compressed, 3.5–7.5 mm. long; lower glume linear, up to 1.5 mm. long; upper glume 1/2–3/4 as long as the spikelet, acuminate; lower lemma almost as long as the spikelet (rarely only 1/2 as long), barren, membranous, acute; upper lemma similar to the lower.
sex Hermaphrodite
Bisexual spikelet narrowly lanceolate, dorsally compressed, 4.5–7 mm. long; lower glume tiny or suppressed; upper glume and lower lemma ovate, the former 1/4, the latter 1/3–1/2 as long as the spikelet; upper lemma subcoriaceous, acuminate.
Habitat
Rocky slopes in open deciduous bushland; 900–2100 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K6 K7 T1 T2

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania

Cenchrus squamulatus (Fresen.) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 1976 Webster, M.M. [K124], Kenya Pennisetum squamulatum K000489764
Schimper [851], Ethiopia Pennisetum squamulatum K000281242 isotype
Schimper Pennisetum squamulatum K000281243 isotype
Schimper [315], Ethiopia Pennisetum squamulatum K000281246 syntype
Schimper [315], Ethiopia Pennisetum squamulatum K000281245 syntype
Schimper [315], Ethiopia Pennisetum squamulatum K000281244 syntype
Napper, D.M. [1733], Kenya Pennisetum squamulatum K000489766
Bogdan, A. [AB3287], Kenya Pennisetum squamulatum K000489765
Napper, D.M. [1288], Kenya Pennisetum squamulatum K000489767

First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 129 (2010)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0