Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Annual.
Diagnostic
Like P. polystachion except: involucre fluffy, ovate, enclosing 1–5 spikelets, at least one of them on a pedicel 0.5–3.5 mm. long; bristles densely woolly.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annual (very rarely perennial in subsp. unispiculum);culms 30–150 cm. high, much branched.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 5–25 cm. long, 4–15 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle cylindrical, 5–15 cm. long; rhachis with sharp decurrent wings below the involucral scars, glabrous; involucre fluffy, ovate, 0.5–1 cm. long, enclosing 1–5 spikelets at least one of them upon a pedicel 0.5–3.5 mm. long; bristles densely woolly.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets lanceolate, 3.5–6 mm. long; lower glume lanceolate to oblong, 1–3 mm. long; upper glume as long as the spikelet, apiculate; lower lemma similar but tridentate, male or barren; upper lemma coriaceous, shining, readily deciduous at maturity, obtuse.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Annual up to about 1 m. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Fluffy white or purple inflorescences
Ecology
Often dominant upon fallow land in the drier savanna.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms geniculately ascending; 30-150 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-25 cm long; 4-15 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; straight, or curved; 5-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis with briefly decurrent ribs; glabrous; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 1-5 in the cluster; 0-1 sessile. Involucre composed of bristles; ovate; 5-10 mm long; base obtuse. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; 15-25 in principal whorl; with one conspicuously longer bristle; 16-24 mm long; terete; flexible; woolly. Pedicels 0.5-3.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3.5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3.5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, or oblong; 1-3 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface pubescent; hairy below. Lower glume apex emarginate, or obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy below. Upper glume margins eciliate, or ciliate. Upper glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; puberulous; dentate; 3 -fid. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2.5-3 mm long; coriaceous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1.5-2.5 mm long; anther tip smooth.
Distribution
Africa: Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. Australasia: Australia. South America: Brazil.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia

Introduced into:

Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Florida, New Caledonia, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Trinidad-Tobago, Western Australia

Cenchrus pedicellatus (Trin.) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 1, 1961 Hagerup, O. [376], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386521
Feb 1, 1961 Davey, J.T. [215], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386520
Feb 1, 1961 Davey, J.T. [43], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386525
Rose Innes, R. [30227], Ghana Pennisetum pedicellatum K000281174 isotype
Leprieur, Senegal Pennisetum pedicellatum K000281175
Schimper [793], Ethiopia Pennisetum pedicellatum K000281239 isotype
Quartin-Dillon [164], Ethiopia Pennisetum pedicellatum K000281240 isotype
Kotschy [394], Sudan Pennisetum pedicellatum K000281241 isotype
Charoenphol, Ch. [4535], Thailand Pennisetum pedicellatum K000688361
Aké Assi, L. [6434], Burkina Faso Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386515
Rogeon, J.-.F. [282], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386524
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1271], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106039
Coradin, L. [2092], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106041
Yotsumoto, T. [1], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106042
Sihvonen, J. [98], Burkina Faso Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386512
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1193], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106046
Chevalier, A. [29987], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386523
Bamps [2475], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386519
Hastchbach, G. [59571], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106045
Nee, M. [42746], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106040
Scholz [41], Burkina Faso Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386513
Chevalier, A. [2264], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386522
Farrow, R.A. [96], Niger Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386518
Parker, C. [1982], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386516
s.coll. [s.n.] Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386510
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1295], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106047
Laegaard, S. [21763], Thailand Pennisetum pedicellatum K000688360
Brooks, R.R. [471], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106044
Heringer, E.P. [1672], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106043
Hoock, J. [976], Guyana Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106038
Parker, C. [1983], Mali Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386517
Naegele, A. [26], Burkina Faso Pennisetum pedicellatum K000386511
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1335], Brazil Pennisetum pedicellatum K001106048

First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 128 (2010)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Veldkamp, J.F. (2014). A revision of Cenchrus incl. Pennisetum (Gramineae) in Malesia with some general nomenclatural notes Blumea 59: 59-75.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0