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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Tropical Africa. It is used as animal food.
Cenchrus clandestinus (Hochst. ex Chiov.) Morrone

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 4000 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 1500 - 4000 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced and naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Sward-forming perennial, with slender rhizomes, and stout rampant stolons amply clothed with pale subinflated leaf-sheaths; culms 3–15(–45) cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 1–15 cm. long, 1–5 mm. wide, flat or folded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence reduced to a cluster of (1–)2–4(–6) subsessile spikelets concealed within the uppermost sheath; involucre sparse; bristles delicate, 1/3–3/4 the length of the spikelet, scaberulous to ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets narrowly lanceolate, 10–20 mm. long; lower glume 0; upper glume ovate, 1–3 mm. long, rarely longer, sometimes suppressed; lower lemma narrowly lanceolate, as long as the spikelet, tapering, barren without a palea; upper lemma resembling the lower; stigma simple or shortly bifid, up to 3 cm. long, subplumose; anthers exserted on fine silvery filaments up to 5 cm. long.
Habitat
Upland grasslands on fertile soils subject to grazing; widely grown for pasture under the name “Kikuyu grass”; 1400–3300 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T7 U2 U3 Ethiopia, Zaire, Rwanda, Burundiintroduced to tropical highlands and to subtropics throughout the world

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Sward-forming perennial with slender rhizomes, and stout rampant stolons amply clothed with pale sub-inflated leaf-sheaths.
Morphology Culms
Culms 3–15(45) cm. high.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf laminae 1–15 cm. long, flat or folded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence reduced to a cluster of (1)2–4(6) subsessile spikelets concealed within the uppermost sheath; involucre sparse; bristles delicate, 1/3–3/4 length of spikelet, scaberulous to ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 10–20 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Inferior glume absent; superior 1–3 mm. long, sometimes suppressed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Inferior lemma as long as spikelet. Superior lemma resembling inferior.
Inferior
Inferior lemma as long as spikelet.
Superior
Superior lemma resembling inferior.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma up to 3 cm. long, subplumose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anthers exserted on fine silvery filaments up to 5 cm. long.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
A creeping perennial with stout stolons forming a dense mat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
The silvery filaments of the stamens are conspicuously exserted from the leaf-sheath when in flower.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; mat forming. Rhizomes elongated. Stolons present. Culms prostrate; 3-15(-45) cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths inflated. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 1-15 cm long; 1-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence comprising only a few spikelets; comprising (1-)2-4(-6) fertile spikelets; shorter than basal leaves; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath; enclosed. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; lanceolate; 4-15 mm long; base obtuse. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; few; 3-15 in principal whorl; terete; flexible; antrorsely scaberulous; glabrous, or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 10-20 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 10-20 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes both absent or obscure, or one the lower absent or obscure; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume ovate; 0-3 mm long; 0-0.2 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 8-12 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-20 mm long; membranous; without keel; 8-12 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea membranous; 2-4 -veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 4-5 mm long; anther tip smooth. Filaments 25-50 mm long. Stigmas 2; protogynous; terminally exserted. Styles 20-30 mm long; connate below; 1 of their length connate.
Distribution
Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: south-central and north-central. North America: southwest USA and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

[UPB]
Use Animal Food
Used for grazing (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).

Doubtfully present in:

Saudi Arabia

Native to:

Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, China South-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Desventurados Is., Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jawa, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Namibia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen

Spanish
Kikuyo.

Cenchrus clandestinus (Hochst. ex Chiov.) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13574], Cameroon Pennisetum clandestinum K000580324
Jun 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [144], Cameroon Pennisetum clandestinum K000107912
Schimper [398], Ethiopia Pennisetum clandestinum K000281183
Scheffler, G. [294], Kenya Pennisetum clandestinum K000281293 isotype
Sendulsky, T. [806], Brazil Pennisetum clandestinum K001102957
Lindeman, J.C. [29], Brazil Pennisetum clandestinum K001102959
Clayton, W.D. [4302], Brazil Pennisetum clandestinum K001102962
Dombrowski, L.T. [1869], Brazil Pennisetum clandestinum K001102961
Dombrowski, L.T. [3831], Brazil Pennisetum clandestinum K001102960
Skvortzov, B. [47], Brazil Pennisetum clandestinum K001102956
Klein, R.M. [11920], Brazil Pennisetum clandestinum K001102958

First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 127 (2010)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Florez-Cárdenas, G., Núñez-Izquierdo, O. L., Núñez-Izquierdo, M. M., Ramírez-Mesa, M., & Zusunaga-Quintana, J. A. (2010). 100 Plantas útiles del páramo del Rabanal: Guía para comunidades rurales. Bogotá: Instituto Alexander von Humboldt - CAR - Corpoboyac

Kew Backbone Distributions

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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/