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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Linaria Mill.
      1. Linaria khalkhalensis Hamdi & Assadi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Iran.

    [KBu]

    Hamdi, S.M.M., Assadi, M. & Maasoumi, A.A. 2009. Linaria khalkhalensis (Linaria sect. Linaria, Scrophulariaceae), a new species from Iran. Kew Bulletin 64: 339. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9114-6

    Type
    Iran, Azerbaijan province, Khalkhal, NE of Khalkhal, 2100 – 2500 m, 7 June 1987, Yosefi TARI 1353 (holotypus TARI).
    Habit
    Glaucous perennial herb, glabrous except for the inflorescence, erect; fertile stems 30 – 60 cm long, branched
    Leaves
    Leaves of fertile stems 30 – 45 × 1 mm, alternate, linear-filiform, acute
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1 – 2 mm long with 5 – 10 flowers, lax in both flowering and fruiting stage
    Bracts
    Bracts 2 – 2.5 × 0.4 – 0.5 mm, acute, lanceolate, glabrous
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1 – 2 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes equal, 2 – 2.2 × 1 mm, acute, lanceolate, scarious
    Corolla
    Corolla 13 – 14 mm long, yellow with violet veins or tinged with violet; tube 4 – 5 mm broad at mouth; abaxial lip sinus 0.9 mm, the distance between lip apex 4 mm; spur 7 mm long, 0.5 mm broad at base, straight, equalling the rest of corolla. Capsule 3 × 3.5 mm, longer than the calyx
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 × 1 mm long, reniform, dark grey, wing 0.5 – 1 mm broad, disc smooth
    Distribution
    Recorded from Khalkhal and Deilaman in Azerbaijan Province, north-western Iran
    Note
    Linaria khalkhalensis is morphologically close to both L. lineolataBoiss. and L. elymaitica (Boiss.) Kuprian. (Table 1). L. khalkhalensis resembles L. lineolata by its pedicel length, bracts, calyx-lobes and leaf shape, and differs in having shorter corollas (vs. 15 – 17 × 3.5 – 5 mm long), shorter calyx-lobes (vs. 3 – 5 mm long), smaller capsules (vs. 3.5 – 6 mm long) and a concave-granular ornamentation pattern of testa cells (vs. convex & granular ornamentation pattern of cells). L. khalkhalensis is also similar to L. elymatica in its pedicel length, and leaf shape, but it differs in having shorter corollas (vs. 17 – 18 mm long), shorter calyx-lobes (vs. 4 × 1 – 2 mm long), longer bracts (vs. 1 × 0.2 – 0.4 mm long) and a concave-granular ornamentation pattern of cells (vs. convex- granular & concave-granular ornamentation pattern of cells).

    Other Data

    Linaria khalkhalensis Hamdi & Assadi appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 64: 339 (2009)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin

    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
    • Holmgren, P. K. & Holmgren, N. H. (1998, continuously updated). Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/
    • Sutton, D. A. (1988). A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae. British Museum (Natural History), London and Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
    • Elisens, N. J. (1985). The systematic significance of seed coat anatomy among new world species of tribe Antirrhineae (Scrophulariaceae). Syst. Bot. 10: 282 – 299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Davis, P. H. (1982). Scrophulariaceae. In: P. H. Davis, (ed.), Flora of Turkey 5: 458 – 748. Edinburgh University.Google Scholar
    • Kuperianova, L. A. (1950). Linaria. In: B. K. Siskin & E. G. Bobrov (eds.), Flora SSSR 22: 178 – 225. Moscow & Leningrad.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0