1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Genus: Lysimachia Tourn. ex L.
      1. Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Europe, Africa, Southern America and Asia-Temperate.


    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Stems erect or ascending winged
    A weed of cultivation.

    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Annual; stems branching near the base and ascending or sometimes simple and erect, quadrangular, strongly 4-winged, 5–50 cm. long.
    Leaves opposite (or rarely verticillate), sessile, ovate, acute, subcordate at the base, 5–20 mm. long.
    Flowers solitary, axillary, pedicellate; pedicels slender, erect at anthesis becoming longer and recurved in fruit.
    Calyx-segments 5, acute, about equal in length to the corolla-lobes.
    Corolla rotate, up to 15 mm. in diameter; lobes up to as broad as long, apically entire, crenulate or denticulate, fringed with minute stalked glands.
    Filaments bearded; anthers acute.
    Capsules about 5 mm. in diameter.

    Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Tufted annual herb with ascending, branching stems up to 50 cm. long.
    Leaves 6–20 mm. long, opposite and decussate or rarely whorled, sessile, elliptic, ovate or obovate, acute at apex.
    Flowers borne in axils of all but lowermost leaves; pedicels at first short and erect, becoming long and recurved in fruit.
    Calyx–segments c. 4–5 mm. long, lanceolate.
    Petals ± equalling calyx, broadly obovate, connate at the very base, fringed with short–stalked glands, deep blue or red.
    Stamens c. j as long as petals, adnate to base of corolla; filaments free, blue or red, bearded; anthers c. 0–6 mm. long, oblong.
    Capsule 3–5 mm. in diameter, circumscissile, many–seeded; seeds c, 1·2 mm. long.


    Found In:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia

    Introduced Into:

    Alabama, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Southeast, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Colorado, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Free State, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Kirgizstan, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Peru, Puerto Rico, Réunion, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tennessee, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zimbabwe

    Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Willdenowia 39: 51 (2009)

    Accepted by

    • Ackerfield, J. (2015) Flora of Colorado . BRIT Press
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014) Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide , ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale


    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated) Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção . http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015) Flora of Colorado . BRIT Press
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015) Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee . University of Tennessee press
    • (2014) Acta Botanica Mexicana 107: 27-65. Instituto de Ecología A.C.
    • (2014) Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014) Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF) . DESIGNPOST
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014) Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide , ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale
    • (2013) Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475
    • (2013) Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève
    • (2013) PhytoKeys 23: 1-18
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013) Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh , Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh
    • (2012) Flora Neomexicana , ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico
    • (2012) Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167
    • (2012) Indian Journal of Forestry 35: 79-84
    • (2012) Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192
    • (2012) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012) Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies) , ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    • (2011) Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224
    • (2011) Norrlinia 24: 1-166
    • (2011) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011) Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama . Botanical reseach institute of Texas
    • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009) Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP)
    • (2008) Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008) Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela . Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008) Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas . SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
    • (2005) Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72
    • (2003) Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria
    • Boulos, L. (2000) Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo
    • (1994) Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994) Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie , ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris
    • (1993) Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
    • (1991) Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108
    • (1983) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • Brown, L.C. (1982) The Flora and Fauna of St Helena . Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England
    • (1981) Flore des Mascareignes 111-120: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris
    • Packer, J.E. (1974) Ascension Handbook. A concise guide to Ascension Island South Atlantic ed. 2: null. Packer, Georgetown
    • (1963) Flora of West Tropical Africa , ed. 2, 2: 1-544
    • (1958) Flora of Tropical East Africa , Primulaceae: 1-20
    • Britton, N. (1918) Flora of Bermuda . Charles Scribner's Sons, New York


    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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