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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 220 m.; Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: None indicated; possibly India,” In regione Malabarica”, König s.n. (C, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial, sometimes producing small stolons.
Morphology Culms
Culms tufted, 18–68 cm long, 1–3 mm wide, trigonous to sometimes slightly triquetrous, smooth
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath pale yellowish-brown, sometimes with reddish or purplish base, 3–12 cm long. Leaf blade narrowly linear, flattish plicate, 8–48 cm long, 1–4.5 mm wide, acute to acuminate, apex sometimes ± scabrid Leaves up to 57 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts 3–7. Leaf-like, spreading, the lowermost 6.8–35 cm long, (1.4–)2–5.2 mm wide, often folded, sometimes scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate or simple, when simple, primary branches (0–)4–9, (0–)2.7–8 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 5–30 per cluster, narrowly linear-lanceolate to ovoid-lanceolate, or sometimes narrowly ovoid, 6–19 mm long, 0.8–1.8 mm wide, axis straight to zigzag. Spikelets crowded in dense digitate clusters, sessile or at the end of primary branches, or spikelets clustered at end of primary branch on elongated axis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes golden yellowbrown to brown-red, (elliptic-)ovate, 1.3–2.3 mm long, 0.6–1.3 mm wide, keel acute or flat to rounded, (0–)1–3-veined, yellowish-brown to green, apex acute to obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2–3: filaments 0.6–2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 0.3–0.6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet dark brown, sometimes shiny, or grey-brown to dark metallic grey, narrowly oblong to sometimes narrowly oblong-ovoid, 0.7–1.1 mm long, 0.3–0.4 mm wide, minutely punctuate or papillose.

Native to:

Alabama, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Ascension, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oklahoma, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Kermadec Is., Norfolk Is., Samoa, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu

Cyperus polystachyos Rottb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2005 Hildebrandt, J.M. [1071], Tanzania K000363001
Nov 27, 1897 Baron, R. [489], Madagascar K000363057
Nov 27, 1897 Grey, I. [s.n.], Mauritius K000363059
Nov 27, 1897 Grey, I. [s.n.], Mauritius K000363059
Nov 27, 1897 Grey, I. [s.n.], Mauritius K000363059
Nov 27, 1897 Grey, I. [s.n.], Mauritius K000363059
Nov 1, 1897 Grey, I. [s.n.], Mauritius K000363060
Feb 1, 1893 Spruce, R. [6415], Ecuador K000632077
Feb 1, 1893 Dallachy, J. [s.n.], Queensland K000881558
Feb 1, 1893 Mueller, F J.H.von [s.n.], Northern Territory K000881557
Feb 1, 1893 Cleaver [s.n.] K000881681
Palmer, E. [63 1/2], Mexico K000632097
Tagawa, M. [T269], Thailand K000595139
Hansen, B. [12483], Thailand K000595138
Dec 1, 2003 Cole, M. [s.n.], Brazil Pycreus polystachyos K000189185
Dec 1, 2003 Gardner, G. [1436], Alagoas Pycreus polystachyos K000189211
Dec 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [24357], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000188912
Dec 1, 2003 Gardner, G. [1436], Alagoas Pycreus polystachyos K000189204
Dec 1, 2003 Luetzelburg, Ph.von [12290], Rio Grande do Norte Pycreus polystachyos K000189205
Dec 1, 2003 Noblick, L.R. [2682], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189186
Dec 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [19424B], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189203
Aug 1, 1994 Miranda, A.M. [1919], Pernambuco Pycreus polystachyos K000189193
Apr 1, 1990 Belém, R.P. [3549], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189188
Dec 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [11622], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189191
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [9252], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189190
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [10915], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189189
Sep 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [19215], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189200
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [16551], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189202
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [15815], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189198
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [16936], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189201
Jan 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [18008], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189199
Sep 1, 1977 Larsen, K. [33751], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595157
Jan 1, 1973 Belém, R.P. [s.n.], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189187
Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [16023], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595151
Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [14039], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595152
Jan 1, 1961 Rabil [240], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595148
Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [17586], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595153
?Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189197
Gardner, G. [1214], Pernambuco Pycreus polystachyos K000189195
Emperaire, L. [s.n.], Piauí Pycreus polystachyos K000189194
Harley, R.M. [25860], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189192
Esser, H.-J. [05-77], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595137
Chantaranothai, P. [1359], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595144
Hansen, B. [12483], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595145
Kerr, A.F.G. [12815], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595146
Kerr, A.F.G. [15708], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595150
Smith, H.M. [344], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595154
Chantaranothai, P. [90/351], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595158
Mueller, F J.H.von [s.n.], Northern Territory Pycreus polystachyos K000881557
Kerr, A.F.G. [3864], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595140
Kerr, A.F.G. [13033], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595149
?Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia Pycreus polystachyos K000189196
Phusomsaeng, S. [468], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595155
Kerr, A.F.G. [10922], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595143
Tagawa, M. [T269], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595139
Ridley [s.n.], Brazil Pycreus polystachyos K000640702
Niyomdham, C. [1504], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595142
Dallachy, J. [s.n.], Queensland Pycreus polystachyos K000881558
Hansen, B. [12483], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595138
Chantaranothai, P. [90/682], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595141
Put [1547], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595156
Kerr, A.F.G. [12577], Thailand Pycreus polystachyos K000595147

First published in Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl.: 39 (1773)

Accepted by

  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Pycreus polystachyos.]
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Pycreus polystachyos.]
  • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid. [Cited as Pycreus polystachyos.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagner, W.L. (2019). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 1: 1-411. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Yan, Y. (ed.) (2012). Research materials of Cyperaceae in China: 1-128. China Scientific Book Services, Beijing.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000632097
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000363057
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000363001
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000363059
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000881557
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000632077
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000363060
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000881558
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000881681

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0