1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Scutia (Comm. ex DC.) Brongn.
      1. Scutia myrtina (Burm.f.) Kurz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, India to China (S. Yunnan, SW. Guangxi).

    [FTEA]

    Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

    Habit
    Shrubs or rarely small trees 2–5(–10) m. tall, usually scandent.
    Bole
    Bole to 3 dm. thick; older trunks with thick dark corky longitudinally cracked bark; younger herbage and young inflorescences puberulent; branchlets angular, usually emerging at right-angles, numerous.
    Thorns
    Thorns prickle-like, recurveds axillary, solitary (but often 2 per node), 2–10(–15) mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade, ovate to obovate, 2–6 cm. long, 15–40 mm. wide, at base rounded to cuneate, at apex (rarely slightly acuminate to) rounded (sometimes apiculate) or refuse or emarginate, always mucronulate, entire or in the distal two-thirds with a few (up to 9 on each side) indistinct crenulations or appressed teeth, on each side of midrib with 5–8 obscure secondary nerves; petioles 3–10 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules 2–3 mm. long, quickly deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes often fascicle-like, 2–20-flowered (never more than 1 flower per cyme maturing fruit); peduncles 2–7 mm. long; pedicels l–2(–3) mm. long in flower, 2–3 mm. in fruit.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1.2–2 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.7–1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe 7–9 mm. long and thick, pallid when very young, ripening through red to purplish black; endocarps ± 6 mm. long, readily separating into 2(–3) free indehiscent stones.
    Figures
    Fig. 7.
    Habitat
    In a wide variety of situations from forest margins to bushland, thicket and wooded grassland; from sea-level to 2700 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7
    [FZ]

    Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrub or tree, usually somewhat scandent; branchlets glabrous or sparingly puberulous.
    Prickles
    Prickles up to 9 mm. long, recurved, in leaf-axils.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina very variable in size and shape, 2–6 × 1·5–4 cm., ovate or elliptic, apex acute to rounded or retuse, apiculate, margin entire to crenate, base rounded to cuneate, penninerved with 5–8 secondary nerves on either side of the midrib, discolorous in dry state, glabrous; petiole 3–10 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes condensed; peduncle up to 7 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile or with pedicels 1–2 mm. long; bracts up to 1 mm. long, deltate, ciliate, glabrous or minutely tomentose.
    Buds
    Flower-bud glabrous or minutely tomentose, sometimes puberulous only at apex.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1·5–2 mm. long, deltate.
    Corolla
    Petals 1 mm. long, deeply 2-lobed at apex, shortly unguiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens with short filaments, slightly swollen at the base.
    Disc
    Disk not lobed.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; style very short, obscurely 2-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit obovoid to spherical, up to 8 mm. in diam., glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed pale, 6 × 6 × 1·5 mm., plano-convex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Burundi, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Scutia myrtina (Burm.f.) Kurz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Gardner, H.M. [1477], Kenya K000036311
    Jan 1, 1970 Volkens, G. [2335], Tanzania K000036313
    Jan 1, 1970 Volkens, G. [1395], Tanzania K000036314
    Harvey [s.n.], South Africa K000036316
    Gardner, H.M. [1477], Kenya K000036312
    Gerrard, W.T. [137], South Africa K000036319
    Krauss [322], South Africa K000036317
    Krauss [322], South Africa K000036318
    Commerson [s.n.], Mauritius K000036315 Unknown type material
    Roxburgh, W. [4266] K000729241 isotype
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4266] Ceanothus circumscissus K001038552
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4266] Ceanothus circumscissus K001038553
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4266] Ceanothus circumscissus K001038554
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4266] Ceanothus circumscissus K001038555
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4266] Ceanothus circumscissus K001038556

    First published in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 44: 168 (1875)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Johnston, M.C. (1972). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rhamnaceae: 1-40.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R.B. Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2:428, t. 89/A (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 227 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 391 (1961).
    • Evrard in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 431, fig. 11 (1960).
    • Verdc, in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 27: 358 (1957).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2:326 (1952).
    • Perr., Fl. Madag. & Com., fam. 123: 4 (1950).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 469 (1949).
    • Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 44 (2): 168 (1875).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0