1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Genus: Lysimachia Tourn. ex L.
      1. Lysimachia ruhmeriana Vatke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FWTA]

    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A branched herb to 4 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white or pink
    Ecology
    In grassland.
    [FZ]

    Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Robust perennial herb up to 1 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems erect or decumbent, terete, reddish, leafy.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 6 x 1·5 cm. (in F.Z. area), broadly to narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, ± epetiolate, often shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate, obtuse or cordate at the base; lamina surfaces and margin almost always dotted with irregular blackish glands.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 30 cm. long, spicate, lax or congested, terminal and axillary.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels up to 5 mm. long (in fruit), each subtended by a bract 2–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers covered with short–stalked glands on all parts, especially on inner surface of calyx and corolla and on stamens.
    Calyx
    Calyx divided almost to the base; lobes c. 2·5 mm. long, oblong–elliptic.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 3·8 mm. long, campanulate, white, pink or mauve; lobes equalling or slightly longer than calyx, elliptic.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 2 mm. long, inserted in a ring below the corolla lobes; connective produced above the anther into a fleshy apiculus.
    Ovary
    Ovary c. 1 mm. long, globose, with style c. 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3–4(5) mm. in diameter, globose, dehiscing by 5 valves, these remaining erect, not recurving.
    Seeds
    Seeds 0·8–1 mm. long, ± tetrahedral, blackish, smooth or minutely granular.
    [FTEA]

    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Habit
    Rootstock short and woody, with very numerous wiry roots.
    Stem
    Stems erect or decumbent, few to very many, up to 1 m. high, terete, usually strongly tinged with red below.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or subopposite, varying from broadly elliptic to lanceolate, acute, basally cuneate, obtuse or auriculate, green above, glaucous beneath, with numerous irregular-shaped punctate blackish glands.
    Flowers
    Flowers in congested or lax terminal racemes from 1 to 50 cm. in length; pedicels 1–3 (–5) cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes oblong, 2–3 mm. long at anthesis, 3–4 mm. long in fruit; apex obtuse, acute or rarely acuminate.
    Corolla
    Corolla subcampanulate, white or pink, about equal to or slightly longer than the calyx.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, 3–4 mm. in diameter; style persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, 3–angled, about 1 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 2, p. 6.
    Habitat
    Riversides, marshes, ditches and damp places generally; 960–3450 m.
    Distribution
    from Ethiopia southwards to Natal and Madagascar, also in the Cameroons. K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lysimachia ruhmeriana Vatke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Sep 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4042], Cameroon K000008243
    Sep 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9496], Cameroon K000008244
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2354], Cameroon K000338626
    Dec 1, 2000 Munyenyembe, P. [853], Cameroon K000338627
    Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9836], Cameroon K000338629
    Apr 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3353], Cameroon K000338628
    Jan 1, 1968 Schimper [1231], Ethiopia K000225814 isotype
    Nov 1, 1958 Hepper, F.N. [1982], Cameroon K000027910
    Dec 28, 1956 Holst, C. [9013a], Tanzania K000225812 lectotype
    Dec 28, 1956 Schweinfurth, G. [1684], Eritrea K000225813 lectotype
    Dec 1, 1956 Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30383], Cameroon K000027913
    Dec 1, 1956 Maitland, T.D. [1406], Cameroon K000027914
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8546], Cameroon K000027909
    Brunt, M.A. [1099], Cameroon K000027911
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9648], Cameroon K000027912

    First published in Linnaea 40: 204 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boutique, R. (1971). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Primulaceae: 1-15. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Taylor, P. (1958). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Primulaceae: 1-20.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & Knuth in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 237, Primulac.: 292.
    • F.T.A. 3: 489
    • in Linnea 40: 204 (1876)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boutique, R. (1971). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Primulaceae: 1-15. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P. Tayl. in Kew Bulletin 1958 : 142 (1958).
    • Pax & Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 237 : 292 (1905).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 3 : 489 (1877).
    • Vatke in Linnaea, 40 : 204 (1876)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    [C] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [D] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [E] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0