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This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Africa, Europe to Siberia and Afghanistan.
Androsace maxima

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 2–15 cm high
Morphology Stem
Stems stiffly erect, solitary or up to 8, pilose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, broadly to narrowly ovate, 5–35 × 2–20 mm, ± pilose, sessile or stoutly petiolate, base cuneate, apex cute or obtuse, margins denticulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts leafy, about as long as pedicels or longer, obovate, denticulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in umbels of up to 10
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 5–10 mm, pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx urceolate-campanulate, 5–7 mm, accrescent, lobed to about middle; lobes ovate-deltoid to lanceolate, 4–5 mm, acute, denticulate, pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pink, annulate; tube ± 4 mm, lobes ± 1mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ± 4 mm in diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, angular, ± 1.5 mm long.
Ecology
Open hillside, stony and gravelly slopes, open Poa bulbosa steppe, edges of cultivated fields, on loamy soils; alt. 100–1450 m
Phenology
Mar.- April.
Distribution
Caucasus, Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iran. Common and widespread in Iraq.

Doubtfully present in:

Poland

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, Chita, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mongolia, Morocco, North Caucasus, Palestine, Romania, Saudi Arabia, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

New York

Androsace maxima L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 141 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Malyschev, L.I. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 11: 1-310. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
  • Sennikov, A.N. (ed.) (2017). Flora of Uzbekistan 2: 1-200. Navro'z Publishers, Toshkent.
  • Wendelbo, P. (1965). Flora Iranica 9: 1-37. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Blakelock, Kew Bull. 4: 519 (1950);
  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 18 (1875);
  • Linnaeus Sp. Pl. : 141 (1753);
  • Post, Fl. Syria, Pal. & Sinai ed. 2, 2: 180 (1933);
  • Wendelbo in Rech. f., Fl. Iranica 9: 30 (1965).
  • Zohary in Dep. Agr. Iraq Bull. 31: 114 (1950);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Malyschev, L.I. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 11: 1-310. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1996). Flora of China 15: 1-387. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/