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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and S. Africa, Madagascar, SE. Europe to China, Jawa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall, glabrous or almost so
Leaves
Leaves oblong-lanceolate, blade up to c. 30 x 6 cm, acute to obtuse at the apex, cuneate to cordate at the base; petiole short
Inflorescences
Flowers in clusters arranged in an open panicle with long branches
Tepal
Inner tepals c. 5 mm long in fruit, usually with tubercles, with hooked teeth at the margin
Fruits
Nut c. 3.5 mm long.
Distribution
N2; widespread in Africa, also Arabia, and from the Balkan peninsula in the west to southern China in the east.
Ecology
Altitude range 2000–2500 m.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Habit
A stout, ± straggling perennial herb up to 1.8 m tall A stout, ± straggling perennial herb up to 1.8 m tall.
Stem
Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, glabrous, striate Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, glabrous, striate.
Leaves
Leaf lamina 25–45 × 7–9 cm, oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface, the upper leaves smaller; petiole of basal leaves 13–30 cm long Leaf lamina 25–45 × 7–9 cm, oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface, the upper leaves smaller; petiole of basal leaves 13–30 cm long.
Ocrea
Ocrea 0.5–3 cm long, striate, entire, ± caducous Ocrea 0.5–3 cm long, striate, entire, ± caducous.
Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, pendulous, in whorls borne in terminal racemose panicles; the basal whorls in the axils of foliaceous bracts; pedicels filiform, articulated near the base Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, pendulous, in whorls borne in terminal racemose panicles; the basal whorls in the axils of foliaceous bracts; pedicels filiform, articulated near the base.
Perianth
Outer perianth segments brownish, 1–1.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments dark brown, accrescent, 3–4(4.5) × 1.5–2 mm, triangular, usually with an obtuse or lanceolate apex, with or without tubercles but with 5–6 hooked teeth 1–2 mm long on the margin Outer perianth segments brownish, 1–1.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments dark brown, accrescent, 3–4(4.5) × 1.5–2 mm, triangular, usually with an obtuse or lanceolate apex, with or without tubercles but with 5–6 hooked teeth 1–2 mm long on the margin.
Stamens
Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers oblong Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers oblong.
Ovary
Ovary trigonous Ovary trigonous.
Fruits
Nut pale brown, shiny, 2–2.5(3) × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous. Nut pale brown, shiny, 2–2.5(3) × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous.
Ecology
In wetter montane or submontane areas, in grassland and on margins of rain forest, on stream banks and similar wet places; 700–2000 m.
Distribution
Also in Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Dem. Rep. Congo, Angola, South Africa and Madagascar, north to southern Europe and east to SW China. Malawi Zambia ZIM E, ZAM E, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S Zimbabwe

[FWTA]

Polygonaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Habit
Perennial herb, with stems 3–6 ft. high.

[FTEA]

Polygonaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Habit
An erect, ± glabrous, stout, perennial herb, up to 1.8 m. tall.
Stem
Stems green to greenish brown.
Leaves
Leaves narrow and long, up to 33 cm. long but rarely exceeding 6 cm. broad (usually approximately 7–9 times as long as broad), oblong-lanceolate, often ± parallel sided, apically obtuse, sometimes rounded, basally cuneate; glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface; flat or crispate on the margins.
Inflorescences
Inflorescence an open, ± stout panicle with long branches.
Flowers
Flowers in fascicles, pendulous.
Tepal
Inner tepals accrescent, dark brown, opaque, elongate-triangular, 3–4 (–5) mm. long, with or without tubercles, usually with an unarmed, obtuse, lanceolate apex but the margins otherwise armed with 56 strongly hooked teeth 1.52 mm. long.
Fruits
Nut trigonous, ovoid, brown, shining, 2.53 × 1.52 mm.
Habitat
Upland grassland & bushland, upland rain-forest, riverside grassland, particularly in damp places, 690–3700 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 widely spread through eastern Africa reaching Ethiopia and the Transvaal

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Assam, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Myanmar, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Qinghai, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Angola, Japan

Rumex nepalensis Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 27, 2008 Naiga [301], Uganda K000449606
Jun 27, 2008 Sheil and Vanheist [362], Uganda K000449605
Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9009], Cameroon K000198122
Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4307 r], Cameroon K000198127
Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [2018], Cameroon K000198126
Jun 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4536], Cameroon K000746967
Jul 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [616], Cameroon K000746962
Jun 1, 1999 Cable, S. [2963], Cameroon K000746959
Jun 1, 1999 Cable, S. [2963], Cameroon K000746960
Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [792], Cameroon K000746958
Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [861], Cameroon K000746961
Jun 1, 1999 Munyenyembe, P. [760], Cameroon K000746964
May 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3513], Cameroon K000746966
May 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [676], Cameroon K000746963
May 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [625], Cameroon K000746965
Jan 1, 1992 Etuge, M. [322], Cameroon K000198121
Strachey, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132858
Strachey, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132857
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1728], Nepal K001114005
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 1728], India K001114006
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1728] K001114007

First published in Syst. Veg. 2: 159 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Qaiser, M. (2001). Flora of Pakistan 205: 1-190. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & Schiman-Czeika, H. (1968). Flora Iranica 56: 1-88. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 1-710. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fl. Ethiopia 2, 1: 338 (2000). TAB. 10, fig. D.
  • Bot. Not. Suppl., vol. 3, 3: 89 (1954).
  • Hutchinson & Dalziel, F.W.T.A. 1, 1: 120 (1927).
  • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 1: 171 (1926).
  • F.T.A. 6, 1: 117 (1909).
  • Syst. Veg. 2: 159 (1825).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & Schiman-Czeika, H. (1968). Flora Iranica 56: 1-88. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 1-710. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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