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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type from Australia.
Ovary
Ovary 0.8–1 mm long; styles 3, free, c. 3 mm long
Fruits
Nut smooth, black and shiny, 1.2–2 × 1 mm, trigonous, with 3 equal concave sides. Nut smooth, black and shiny, 1.2–2 × 1 mm, trigonous, with 3 equal concave sides.
Ecology
In drying mud flats and sandy alluvium of pans, and lake and riversides, and in dry beds of seasonal rivers; 20–1350 m.
Distribution
Widespread in the drier parts of Africa, Madagascar, tropical Asia, Australia and New Zealand. Botswana ZIM E ZIM C ZIM W ZIM N Zimbabwe Zambia BOT N, BOT SE, ZAM B, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S MAL N Malawi ZIM S MOZ M MOZ GI MOZ M MOZ T MOZ N Mozambique MAL C
Habit
Prostrate creeping leafy annual herb, forming mats. Prostrate creeping leafy annual herb, forming mats
Stem
Stems reddish-brown, up to 1 m long, much branched, scabrid, becoming somewhat woody at the base. Stems reddish-brown, up to 1 m long, much branched, scabrid, becoming somewhat woody at the base
Leaves
Leaves all similar, subsessile; lamina rather leathery and glabrous, dark green to reddish-brown, 5–13 × 2–5 mm, oblong or linear-oblong to elliptic, acute and slightly mucronate at the apex, attenuate to the base, margins revolute, midrib conspicuous. Leaves all similar, subsessile; lamina rather leathery and glabrous, dark green to reddish-brown, 5–13 × 2–5 mm, oblong or linear-oblong to elliptic, acute and slightly mucronate at the apex, attenuate to the base, margins revolute, midrib conspicuous
Ocrea
Ocrea silvery hyaline at least above, c. 5 mm long, deeply lacerate, with inconspicuous veins, glabrous. Ocrea silvery hyaline at least above, c. 5 mm long, deeply lacerate, with inconspicuous veins, glabrous
Flowers
Flowers subsessile, in numerous 1–3(5)-flowered axillary fascicles; fascicles surrounded by leafy bracts. Flowers subsessile, in numerous 1–3(5)-flowered axillary fascicles; fascicles surrounded by leafy bracts
Perianth
Perianth 2 mm long, deeply lobed; lobes greenish with creamy-white or pinkish-white to reddish-pink margins, 1.5 mm long, lanceolate-elliptic. Perianth 2 mm long, deeply lobed; lobes greenish with creamy-white or pinkish-white to reddish-pink margins, 1.5 mm long, lanceolate-elliptic. Stamens 4; filaments up to 1 mm long, filiform
Stamens
Stamens 4; filaments up to 1 mm long, filiform.
Pistil
Ovary 0.8–1 mm long; styles 3, free, c. 3 mm long.

[FTEA]

Polygonaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Habit
A glabrous, much branched, prostrate, leafy, annual herb.
Stem
Stems scabrid, reddish-brown.
Ocrea
Ocreae silvery in the upper part or throughout most of their length, with concolorous veins, very readily lacerating, fringed with laciniae of varying length up to 2 mm. long.
Leaves
Leaves very small, up to 13 × 2.5 mm., all of a similar size, linear to narrowly obovate-elliptic, marginally revolute, glabrous and rather leathery, dark green becoming red; midrib obvious but lateral veins scarcely perceptible.
Inflorescences
Inflorescence a shortly branched, leafy, congested raceme.
Flowers
Flowers in axillary clusters 1–3 (–5) together.
Perianth
Perianth greenish, 2 mm. long. Tepals 4, ± 1.5 mm. long, lanceolate-elliptic, the outer pair keeled, the inner pair flat.
Style
Styles 3, free, ± 3 mm. long.
Fruits
Nut trigonous, smooth, black, shining, 1.5–2 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 3/6 and 7.
Habitat
Apparently confined to dried river-beds and drying mud-flats beside lakes; possibly introduced;690–1600 m.
Distribution
T4 T5 T6

[FWTA]

Polygonaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Habit
Much-branched prostrate herb
Ecology
Of dry regions
Flowers
Flowers pinkish-red or white
Note
A very variable species.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cape Provinces, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Inner Mongolia, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Qinghai, Queensland, Senegal, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Idaho, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Mauritius, Réunion

Polygonum plebeium R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Strachey, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India Polygonum herniarioides K001132903

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 420 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Park, C.W. (ed.) (2018). Flora of Korea 3: 1-131. National Institute of Biological Resources.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (2018). Flora of Thailand 14(1): 1-184. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2005). Flora of North America North of Mexico 5: 1-656. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Qaiser, M. (2001). Flora of Pakistan 205: 1-190. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1989). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 4: 1-380. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Graham, R.A. (1958). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygonaceae: 1-40.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 537.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 105

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 23: 8 (1969). TAB. 5.
  • F.T.E.A., Polygonaceae: 13, fig. 3/6, 7 (1958).
  • F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 1: 140 (1954).
  • Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 57 (1954).
  • Fl. Madagascar, fam. 65, Polygonacées: 9 (1953).
  • F.C.B. 1: 410 (1948).
  • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 1: 169 (1926).
  • Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 5: 346 (1916).
  • F.T.A. 6, 1: 105 (1909).
  • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 420 (1810).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Park, C.W. (ed.) (2018). Flora of Korea 3: 1-131. National Institute of Biological Resources.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (2018). Flora of Thailand 14(1): 1-184. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2005). Flora of North America North of Mexico 5: 1-656. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1989). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 4: 1-380. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Graham, R.A. (1958). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygonaceae: 1-40.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 140 (1954).
  • Baker & C.H. Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 6 (1): 105 (1909).
  • Hook. f., Fl. Br. Ind. 5: 27 (1890).
  • R. Br., Prodr.: 420 (1810).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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