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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Plantago L.
      1. Plantago palmata Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bioko to Ethiopia and Zimbabwe.

    [FWTA]

    Plantaginaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Sessile herb
    Leaves
    A tuft of long-petiolate leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers green
    Ecology
    In montane grassland.
    [FZ]

    Plantaginaceae, G. Lehmann. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Perennial, pilose or glabrescent herb with short, straight rhizome and numerous fleshy roots.
    Leaves
    Leaves in a basal rosette, spirally arranged; lamina 6–13× 5–11 cm., distinctly palmatilobed, cordate-ovate to subcircular in outline, (3) 5 (7) veined at the base, main nerves fairly distinct with secondary nerves, usually glabrous sometimes slightly pilose; lobes 2.3–6 × 1.6–6, 1.4–3 × 1–2 cm. narrowly to broadly ovate with the apex subobtuse to rounded.
    Petiole
    Petiole 5–31 cm. long, 2–4 mm. in diam., glabrous, sometimes somewhat pubescent, dilated at the base; slightly cauliculate.
    Scape
    Scape (5) 6.5–27 cm. long, 0.5–1.0 mm. in diam., erect or ascending, usually 5-sulcate, rarely pubescent but usually densely pilose beneath the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence spicate; spikes cylindric to globose, 1–11 (17) cm. long, 3–5 mm. in diam., usually rather dense (at first much longer and less dense in fruit).
    Bracts
    Bracts 2–2.5 (3.5) mm. long, slightly boat-shaped, ovate, obtuse, glabrous, midrib slightly keeled.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 3 mm. long, almost equal, slightly keeled midrib, obtuse, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube c. 25 mm. long, glabrous, tube somewhat constricted at the mouth; lobes c. 15 mm. long, lanceolate to ovate, acute to subobtuse, usually spreading or reclined.
    Stamens
    Stamens exserted; anthers yellowish or cream coloured.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid to globose; pistil scarcely exceeding the lobes.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose or nearly so, 2–4 mm. long, usually 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2 mm. long, ellpisoid or ellipsoid-trigonous.
    [FTEA]

    Plantaginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial, glabrescent or ± hairy herb with short, stout rhizome and numerous roots.
    Leaves
    Leaves borne in a rosette, spirally arranged; blade ovate or rounded, distinctly palmatilobed, 5-12 cm. long, 3-13 cm. wide, acute or rounded at the apex, cordate, hairy above and on the nerves beneath, later often glabrescent or glabrous, 3-7-nerved at the base; petiole mostly long, 4-29 cm. long, dilated at the base, sparsely to densely hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences spicate, the spikes mostly dense, but occasionally lax at the base, 1-17 cm.long; peduncles 5-30 cm. long, sulcate, glabrescent to hairy, usually densely hairy just beneath the spike; bracts broadly elliptic, 2.5-3.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, keeled with green.
    Calyx
    Sepals oblong, rounded elliptic or obovate, 2.5-3 mm. long, 1.5-2.5 mm. wide, obliquely keeled.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or greenish-white, ± 3 mm. long; lobes ovate or oblong-ovate, 1.3-1.5 mm. long, 0.5-0.8 mm. wide, acute, keeled with green, sometimes tinged purple.
    Anthers
    Anthers yellowish or cream-coloured.
    Fruits
    Capsule ellipsoidal or subglobose, 3-4 mm. long, 1.5- 2.8 mm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds opaque or slightly shining, brown, reddish-brown or olivaceous, ellipsoid, 2.5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, the hilar side slightly concave or ± plane.
    Figures
    Fig. 2, p. 4.
    Habitat
    Openings and disturbed places in montane forest, particularly bamboo and Juniperus, often by streams or on boggy ground, less often in thicket or in plantations; 1170-3150(-? 3300) m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Plantago palmata Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9449], Cameroon K000027216
    Jul 1, 2002 Biye, E. [2], Cameroon K000027217
    Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [328], Cameroon K000542300
    Jan 1, 1987 Etuge, M. [359], Cameroon K000029882
    Aug 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [14403], Cameroon K000029880
    Jan 1, 1972 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9639], Cameroon K000029881
    Jan 1, 1971 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8409], Cameroon K000029879
    Sanford, W.W. [5492], Cameroon K000029884
    Thomas, D.W. [3118], Cameroon K000029878
    Mann [611], Bioko K000243827
    Mann [611], Bioko K000243829 Unknown type material
    Mann [611], Bioko K000243830 Unknown type material
    Bamps, P. [1560], Cameroon K000029883

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 19 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Plantaginaceae: 1-7.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Pilger in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 269, Plantaginac.: 77 (1937).
    • F.T.A. 5: 504
    • in J. Linn Soc. 6: 19 (1861)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Verdc. in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (108): 60 (1964).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 306, fig. 271 (1963).
    • Pilg. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 269: 77 (1937).
    • Thonner, Blütenpfl. Afr., t. 143 (1908)
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 504 (1900).
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 374 (1895).
    • Hook. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 7: 213 (1864).
    • Hook. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 6: 19 (1861)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0