Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Colombia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[PW]
Distribution
PANAMA. Code. Colon. Darien. Panama. Veraguas. COSTA RICA. Alajuela. Cartago. Guanacaste. Heredia. Limon. San Jose.
General Description
Habit: solitary, erect, infrequently decumbent, to 5 m tall. Stem: 1.5-3.5 cm diam., smooth, green, ringed, internodes 5-15 cm long. Leaves: 4-8, pinnate, erect-spreading; sheath 15-25 cm long, tubular, obliquely open apically, green with a whitish margin briefly apically, a yellow ridge extending from petiole, drying brownish and persistent, longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole 15-35 cm long, slightly grooved and green above, rounded and pale below; rachis 35-50cm long, 2-3 mmdiam. apically and strongly attenuate, angled and green above, round and with a yellow band below extending onto sheath; blade oval or elliptic; pinnae 5-7 on each side of rachis, 25-37 x 2-13 cm, broadly sigmoid, rhombic, alternate, short-acuminate, ± leathery, contracted basally and there conspicuous because of 5-9 curved primary nerves, these smooth above and not much elevated but sharply keeled and elevated below, less distinct secondaries between each pair ofprimaries, end pair ofpinnae confluent and ± broader basally. Inflorescences: interfoliar but often infrafoliar in fruit, erect but becoming nodding or drooping when heavily laden with fruits; peduncles 30-60 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide at base and ± flattened, 3-5 mm wide at apex, erect-arching, greenish white or yellowish in flower, red-orange in fruit; bracts 5-6, tubular, fibrous, brownish in flower and in fruit and often falling away, tightly sheathing, acuminate, bifid, longitudinally striate-nerved, uppermost longest and exceeding peduncle; rachises 5-15 cm long, light green in flower, red-orange in fruit. Staminate with 15-25 rachillae, these 20-30 cm long, pendulous, glabrous, light green in flower. Pistillate with rachillae 10-15, these to 25 cm long, slender, ± spreading and light green in flower, downward-curving and orange in fruit. Flowers: Staminate in rather lax spirals, 2-3 x 1.5-1.7 mm, ovate-globose, flattened apically, greenish yellow, only slightly sunken in shallow rounded depressions; calyx 0.5-1.5 mm, shallowly lobed, nerved, sepals imbricate basally, rounded apically; petals valvate, connate apically and basally and apically adnate to pistillode and corolla opening by lateral slits, acute-acuminate, nerved. Pistillate in rather lax spirals, 2 x 1.5-1.7 mm, ovoid-globose in bud; calyx 0.5-0.75 x 1.5-1.75 mm across, ringlike, shallowly lobed, nerved, sepals connate nearly to apex, straight apically; petals imbricate nearly to apex, acute-acuminate, nerved; pistil 2 x 1.7 mm, ovoid-globose, styles short or lacking, stigma lobes short, recurved. Fruits: 13 x 7 mm, ovoid to globose, tapered basally; seeds sharply pointed at site of attachment.
Biology
Dense, wet forest on the Atlantic slope up to and over the Continental Divide; 0-750 m elevation; sometimes on limestone.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Andes, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, palma solitaria
Conservation
Casi Amenazada

[PW]
General Description
Habit: solitary or cespitose, erect, 2-3.5 m tall. Stem: 2-3 cm diam., green. Leaves: 7-10, pinnate; sheath 16 cm long, tubular, green, striated; petiole 5-6 cm long; rachis 42-50 cm long; blade obovate; pinnae 2-4 on each side of rachis, apical ones very large, 50 x 18-20 cm, occupying a little more than 1/2 rachis, elliptic, slightly toothed toward apex, 10-11-nerved, other pinnae 25-32 x 5-7 cm, lanceolate, sigmoid, acuminate, 4-7 cm apart, I prominent primary nerve per pinna, this yellowish, several secondaries and tertiaries, primaries total 13 on each side of rachis. Inflorescenses: simply branched. Staminate with peduncle 72 cm long, 3 mm wide; bracts 6, upper one 20 x I cm, tubular, membranous to papery, slightly striated; rachis 7-8 cm long; rachillae 14, these to 30 cm long, 1 mm wide, pendulous, rigid. Pistillate green in flower, red with mature fruits; peduncle 60 70 cm long, 4 mm wide; bracts 6, similar in shape and size to those of staminate; rachis 6-13 cm long; rachillae 11-14, these 16-20 cm long, rigid, 1.5 mm diam. Flowers: Staminate in rather lax spirals, 3-3.5 x 2.5-3 mm, ± globose, dark when dried; calyx 1-1.5 mm x 2.5-3 mm, deeply lobed, sepals connate in basal 1/4, broadly rounded apically; petals 3 x 1.5-2 mm, valvate, connate apically and basally and adnate apically to pistillode and corolla opening by lateral slits, lanceolate, thick; stamens 2.5 mm high, filaments 1.75-2 mm long, anthers 2 mm long, dorsifixed, straight, oblong, white when fresh; pistillode 2.5-3 mm high, columnar, truncate. Pistillate in lax spirals, 2.5 x 3-3.5 mm, depressed-globose, dark when dried, superficial; calyx 1.5 x 2.5 mm, lobed, sepals imbricate in basal 1/2, broadly rounded apically; petals 2.5 x 22.5 mm, broadly ovate, imbricate, thick, acute and erect apically; pistil 2.2 mm high, ellipsoid, briefly 3-lobed apically. Fruits: 12 x 9-10 mm, subglobose, black, stigmatic residue basal; seeds 10 x 8 mm, subglobose, brown.
Distribution
COLOMBIA. Antioquia. PANAMA. Darién.
Biology
Dense, wet forest; 700-1,500 m elevation.

Native to:

Colombia, Costa Rica, Panamá

Chamaedorea warscewiczii H.Wendl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 1993 Wendland, H. [s.n.] K000462925
Aug 1, 1993 Mora [31], Costa Rica K000520361

First published in Bonplandia (Hannover) 10: 37 (1862)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0