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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Temp. Asia and Himalaya, Africa, Subarctic America.

[FZ]

Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or generally short-lived perennial, occasionally suffruticose herbs, generally with a woody tap root.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves exstipulate, usually linear or linear-lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cymose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, fasciculate or clustered into heads.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, generally striate-nervose, 5-lobed, invested at the base by 1–12 pairs of calyx bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Internode between calyx and corolla (anthophore) variable.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynophore
Gynophore short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, claw of petal with two central longitudinal ridges (sometimes very inconspicuous).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, united at the base into a short ring.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid, oblong or cylindric, placentation free-central; stigmas 2, free to base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule with 4 equal teeth.

[FTEA]

Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves exstipulate, generally “grass-like,” more or less connate at base forming a sheath above the often swollen nodes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminating the flowering stems, cymose, panicled, or variously aggregated-capitulate; a varying number of pairs of calycine bracts surrounding the calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, 5-toothed, with numerous longitudinal parallel veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, with a long narrow claw
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10 in hermaphrodite flowers or abnormally reduced in number
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary unilocular; styles 2, distinct from the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule cylindrical, oblong, or ovoid, opening by four apical valves or teeth.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bangladesh, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Dianthus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
75217.000
74695.000
Davis [31511], Turkey 75194.000
Sandwitch, N.Y. [6070], Spain 31018.000
Sandwitch, N.Y. [6020], Spain 31215.000
75189.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 409 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 191 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 409 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 191 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl. 409 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0